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Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Thomas F. Shipley and Jeffrey M. Zacks (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

We effortlessly remember all sorts of events — from simple events like people walking to complex events like leaves blowing in the wind. We can also remember and describe these events, and in ... More


Diagnosis and Treatment

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes how both humans and machines carry out the task of diagnosis, classically defined as the purposeful process of classifying cases. The chapter is organized into four sections: ... More


The Death and Life of Classified Ads: A Media History of Craigslist

Jessa Lingel

in An Internet for the People: The Politics and Promise of craigslist

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691188904
eISBN:
9780691199887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691188904.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter traces a media history of craigslist by examining the development of classified and personal ads through the arrival of the digital age. Craigslist has played a key role in the struggle ... More


Science and National Security

David B. Resnik

in Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195375893
eISBN:
9780199866632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375893.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines conflict between science and national security. Though the protection of national security represents a legitimate reason for restricting the autonomy of scientists, scientific ... More


Who Watches the Watchers?

Rahul Sagar

in Secrets and Leaks: The Dilemma of State Secrecy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168180
eISBN:
9781400880850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168180.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This introductory chapter explains that the book explores the question of whether state secrecy threatens the interests of citizens or whether it actually furthers them. It examines a means by which ... More


Should We Rely on Judges?: Transparency and the Problem of Judicial Deference

Rahul Sagar

in Secrets and Leaks: The Dilemma of State Secrecy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168180
eISBN:
9781400880850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168180.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines whether the judicial review of state secrecy has been deferential, and, if so, whether such deference can be justified. It suggests that the courts have indeed adopted a ... More


Should the Law Condone Unauthorized Disclosures?: Fire Alarms and the Problem of Legitimacy

Rahul Sagar

in Secrets and Leaks: The Dilemma of State Secrecy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168180
eISBN:
9781400880850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168180.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines whether the law ought to condone unauthorized disclosures of classified information. The features that make the unauthorized disclosure of classified information an effective ... More


Should We Rely on Whistleblowers?: Disobedience and the Problem of Retaliation

Rahul Sagar

in Secrets and Leaks: The Dilemma of State Secrecy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168180
eISBN:
9781400880850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168180.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the circumstances under which an official will be justified in violating laws that prohibit unauthorized disclosures of classified information. It explains why we cannot rely on ... More


Should We Trust Leakers?: Anonymous Sources and the Problem of Regulation

Rahul Sagar

in Secrets and Leaks: The Dilemma of State Secrecy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168180
eISBN:
9781400880850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168180.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explains the practice of leaking as a means by which officials could alert citizens and lawmakers to wrongdoing. It shows that officials are able to disclose classified information ... More


Bitter Medicine

Rahul Sagar

in Secrets and Leaks: The Dilemma of State Secrecy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691168180
eISBN:
9781400880850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168180.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This concluding chapter summarizes the book's main findings, beginning with the deep sense of anxiety that pervades contemporary discussions on state secrecy. This anxiety stems not from the concern ... More


Restricted Research

Dean O. Smith

in Managing the Research University

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199793259
eISBN:
9780199896813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793259.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

To protect national security, the federal government has export controls that govern the shipment, transmission, or transfer of certain items or pieces of information to foreign persons or countries. ... More


The Organisation of Knowledge in Victorian Britain

Martin Daunton (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263266
eISBN:
9780191734854
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263266.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book explores the questions of what counted as knowledge in Victorian Britain, who defined knowledge and the knowledgeable, by what means and by what criteria. During the Victorian period, the ... More


Equivariant Cohomology of S2 Under Rotation

Loring W. Tu

in Introductory Lectures on Equivariant Cohomology: (AMS-204)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691191751
eISBN:
9780691197487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691191751.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

This chapter shows how to use the spectral sequence of a fiber bundle to compute equivariant cohomology. As an example, it computes the equivariant cohomology of S2 under the action of S1 by ... More


Universal Bundles and Classifying Spaces

Loring W. Tu

in Introductory Lectures on Equivariant Cohomology: (AMS-204)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691191751
eISBN:
9780691197487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691191751.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

This chapter evaluates universal bundles and classifying spaces. As before, G is a topological group. In defining the equivariant cohomology of a G-space M, one needs a weakly contractible space EG ... More


Application of the Hybrid Paradigm

Amos N. Guiora

in Constitutional Limits on Coercive Interrogation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195340310
eISBN:
9780199867226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340310.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Constitutional and Administrative Law

One clear assertion of this book is that the present system of interrogations and detainee status requires our collective and immediate attention. To that end, the hybrid paradigm was created. ... More


Chester A. Arthur

Steven G. Calabresi and Christopher S. Yoo

in The Unitary Executive: Presidential Power from Washington to Bush

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300121261
eISBN:
9780300145380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300121261.003.0027
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the Pendleton Act to reform the civil service, which was adopted during Chester A. Arthur's administration. It established a bipartisan Civil Service Commission of three ... More


Worlds within Words

K. David Harrison

in When Languages Die: The Extinction of the World's Languages and the Erosion of Human Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181920
eISBN:
9780199870622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181920.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter discusses that languages are highly complex, self-organising systems in constant flux. It adds that all people participate in constant change, but no individual speaker controls the ... More


The Archivist as Activist in the Production of (Historical) Knowledge

Francis X. Blouin Jr. and William G. Rosenberg

in Processing the Past: Contesting Authorities in History and the Archives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740543
eISBN:
9780199894673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740543.003.0009
Subject:
History, Historiography, History of Ideas

Reflecting the discussion of new “identity archives,” this chapter details the mediating practices of archivists and archives more generally in forming the historical record. It sets out for the ... More


Moral Conflict and Moral Deficiency

R. S. Downie and K. C. Calman

in Healthy Respect: Ethics in Health Care

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192624086
eISBN:
9780191723728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624086.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Conflict can occur within the team dealing with patient care, and between professional and patient opinion on treatment. This chapter suggests ways of dealing with both kinds of conflict. ... More


Theories, Sites, Toposes: Relating and studying mathematical theories through topos-theoretic 'bridges'

Olivia Caramello

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198758914
eISBN:
9780191818752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758914.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology, Pure Mathematics

This book is devoted to a general study of geometric theories from a topos-theoretic perspective. After recalling the necessary topos-theoretic preliminaries, it presents the main methodology it uses ... More


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