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Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis

Steven French and Décio Krause

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199278244
eISBN:
9780191603952
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278245.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Drawing on philosophical accounts of identity and individuality, as well as the histories of both classical and quantum physics, this book explores two alternative metaphysical approaches to quantum ... More


Introduction: Three Worlds

Gary E. Bowman

in Essential Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228928
eISBN:
9780191711206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228928.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This introductory chapter outlines the differences between classical physics and quantum physics by positing three imaginary worlds. World 1 is governed by the laws of classical Newtonian mechanics, ... More


Historical Outline

David Hodgson

in The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240686
eISBN:
9780191680236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240686.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

By the end of the nineteenth century, tremendous advances had been made in the understanding of the physical world; and classical physics as developed up to that time provided powerful and coherent ... More


The Emergence of Classicality from Quantum Theory

Erich Joos

in The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

A thoroughgoing and consistent application of quantum theory shows that the connection between classical and quantum physics is very different from what can be found in standard textbooks. In the ... More


 There goes the neighbourhood...

Frank Arntzenius

in Space, Time, and Stuff

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199696604
eISBN:
9780191738333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696604.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

In this chapter it is argued that one cannot specify the state of the contents of a classical world, i.e. the state of matter and fields which is governed by classical physics, space-time point by ... More


Divine Action in the World: The Old Picture

Alvin Plantinga

in Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812097
eISBN:
9780199928590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812097.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the alleged conflict between science and special divine action. Religious belief in general and Christian belief in particular is committed to the belief that God acts in the ... More


CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM STATISTICAL PHYSICS

Jean Zinn-Justin

in Path Integrals in Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198566748
eISBN:
9780191717994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566748.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter provides a simple physical interpretation to the formal continuum limit that has led, from an integral over position variables corresponding to discrete times, to a path integral. It ... More


Physics interface

Stig Stenholm

in The Quest for Reality: Bohr and Wittgenstein - two complementary views

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603589
eISBN:
9780191729270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603589.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

It is argued that the Tractatus is an analogy of the classical description of physical reality. We know that this had to be replaced by the much more ephemeral quantum theory. It is argued that many ... More


Physics Fundamentalism

Christopher C. Gerry and Kimberley M. Bruno

in The Quantum Divide: Why Schrödinger's Cat is Either Dead or Alive

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199666560
eISBN:
9780191748646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666560.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins by explaining why physics is the fundamental of all natural sciences. Throughout most its history, atoms were hardly the center of attention in physics. Once called natural ... More


Origins I: From the arrow of time to the first quantum field

Anthony Duncan

in The Conceptual Framework of Quantum Field Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199573264
eISBN:
9780191743313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573264.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter traces the origins of quantum theory, which goes back to the classical physics of the final quarter-century of the 1800s. During this time, the three pillars of classical physics — ... More


The Classical World

Roger Penrose and Martin Gardner

in The Emperor’s New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and The Laws of Physics

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198519737
eISBN:
9780191917080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198519737.003.0013
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

What need we know of the workings of Nature in order to appreciate how consciousness may be part of it? Does it really matter what are the laws that govern the constituent elements of bodies and ... More


Introduction: Ether—The Multiple Lives of a Resilient Concept

Massimiliano Badino and Jaume Navarro

in Ether and Modernity: The recalcitrance of an epistemic object in the early twentieth century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198797258
eISBN:
9780191838750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797258.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter addresses the historiography that justifies the contents of this book along the three major lines: (i) the usual divide between classical physics and modern physics is misleading when ... More


The Duality of Particles and Waves: The Split Personality of Electrons

Christopher C. Gerry and Kimberley M. Bruno

in The Quantum Divide: Why Schrödinger's Cat is Either Dead or Alive

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199666560
eISBN:
9780191748646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666560.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the dual nature of small particles, focusing on electrons. It begins by describing how the classical laws of physics, which were mostly established by the start of the ... More


Slow relaxations and nonequilibrium dynamics in classical and quantum systems

Giulio Biroli

in Strongly Interacting Quantum Systems out of Equilibrium: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 99, August 2012

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198768166
eISBN:
9780191821905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768166.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter provides an introduction to several important and interesting facets of out-of-equilibrium dynamics. If in the past hard condensed matter and classical statistical physics remained ... More


Indictment of “classical physics”

Finn Aaserud and John L. Heilbron

in Love, Literature, and the Quantum Atom: Niels Bohr’s 1913 Trilogy Revisited

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680283
eISBN:
9780191760228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680283.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Chapter 2.4 outlines the deliberations about radiation and quantum theory at the Solvay Council of 1911, particularly Jeans’ effort to save equipartition and Arnold Sommerfeld’s extension of Planck’s ... More


Spin liquids and frustrated magnetism

John T. Chalker

in Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 103, August 2014

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198785781
eISBN:
9780191827600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785781.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Two important markers in the history of research on spin liquids and frustrated magnetism are Anderson’s suggestion, over 40 years ago, of the resonating valence bond state as an alternative to Néel ... More


Meaning

Richard Healey

in The Quantum Revolution in Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198714057
eISBN:
9780191782503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714057.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Novel quantum concepts acquire content not by representing new beables but through material-inferential relations between claims about them and other claims. Acceptance of quantum theory modifies ... More


Quantum theory and the General Theory of Relativity

A. J. Kox and H. F. Schatz

in A Living Work of Art: The Life and Science of Hendrik Antoon Lorentz

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198870500
eISBN:
9780191912825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198870500.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Chapter 8 describes, in terms that are accessible to a general audience, the development of quantum theory and general relativity in the first decades of the twentieth century and in particular ... More


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