Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 25 items

  • Keywords: cladistics x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Victor A. Albert (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Parsimony analysis (cladistics) has long been one of the most widely used methods of phylogenetic inference in the fields of systematic and evolutionary biology. Moreover, it has mathematical ... More


Cladistic principles and linguistic reality: the case of West Germanic

Don Ringe

in Laws and Rules in Indo‐European

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199609925
eISBN:
9780191741579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609925.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Only shared innovations which are unlikely to have occurred independently can prove shared history; therefore languages are assigned to the same clade only if they share a ‘critical mass’ of ... More


How to reconstruct evolutionary history

Richard Byrne

in The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses how the evolutionary history of a living species can be worked out even if its fossil ancestors cannot be found with certainty. The method relies on a subject called ... More


Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

David M. Williams and Sandra Knapp (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Cladistics, or phylogenetic systematics — an approach to discovering, unraveling, and testing hypotheses of evolutionary history — took hold during a turbulent and acrimonious time in the history of ... More


The Rise of the Mammals

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Origins: The Search for Our Prehistoric Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702440
eISBN:
9781501706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702440.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

This chapter provides a brief overview of mammals and illustrates their variety in a cladistics context. Though still the subject of debate, cladistics—a system of biological classification based on ... More


How Can We Reconstruct Evolutionary History?

Michel Laurin

in How Vertebrates Left the Water

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266476
eISBN:
9780520947986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266476.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter attempts to reconstruct evolutionary history. Inferring phylogenetic relationships between taxa and character evolution requires relatively sophisticated methods. The chapter describes ... More


Beyond Belief: The Steady Resurrection of Phenetics

David M. Williams, Malte C. Ebach, and Quentin D. Wheeler

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In his account of the history of numerical taxonomy, P. H. A. Sneath argued that Hennigian cladistics is a side issue that has not proven its value, and that numerical taxonomy is “the greatest ... More


Chris Humphries, Cladistics, and Connections

David M. Williams, Kåre Bremer, and Sandra Knapp

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

By way of introduction, this short piece describes a few subjects that attracted Chris Humphries's attention during his thirty-plus years as botanist and systematist. These include botanical ... More


Ontogeny and Systematics Revisited: Developmental Models and Model Organisms

Stephen Blackmore and Alexandra H. Wortley

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This Festschrift for Chris Humphries provides an opportunity to reflect on how much has changed in systematic biology since the 1970s. Humphries, together with his longtime collaborator, Kåre Bremer, ... More


Rooted in Cladistics: Chris Humphries, Conservation—and Beyond?

Richard I. Vane-Wright

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The various contributions that Chris Humphries made to the biodiversity conservation movement during the early 1990s were literally and severally “rooted in cladistics.” Soon after finishing his PhD, ... More


Floras to Phylogenies: Why Descriptive Taxonomy Matters

Sandra Knapp and J. Robert Press

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Taxonomy has also been characterized as description, phylogeny, and identification. Description is central to most visions of what the science of taxonomy should be, but the importance and prominence ... More


Endemism and Evolution of the Macaronesian Flora

Mark A. Carine, Arnoldo Santos-Guerra, I. Rosana Guma, and J. Alfredo Reyes-Betancort

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Macaronesian region comprises the volcanic oceanic archipelagos of the Azores, Madeira, Salvages, Canary Islands, and Cape Verdes located in the North Atlantic Ocean. The flora of the region ... More


Monophyly and the Two Hierarchies

Olivier Rieppel

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The school of biological systematics known as cladistics is notorious for drawing a distinction between pattern and process. The pattern is one of relative degrees of relationships, the process is ... More


Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics

Andrew Hamilton (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276581
eISBN:
9780520956759
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276581.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Patterns in Nature is a collection of eleven new essays. The work is an attempt to articulate an intellectual agenda for the study of the conceptual foundations of systematics and taxonomy in a way ... More


Willi Hennig’s Part in the History of Systematics

Michael Schmitt

in Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276581
eISBN:
9780520956759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276581.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Willi Hennig, a shy and modest entomologist, is regarded to have caused a “revolution” in systematics. A condensed description of his life and career provide the background of an evaluation of his ... More


Historical and Conceptual Perspectives on Modern Systematics: Groups, Ranks, and the Phylogenetic Turn

Andrew Hamilton

in Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276581
eISBN:
9780520956759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276581.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

It was not a foregone conclusion that systematics should be phylogenetic. Several commentators on both sides of the Atlantic pointed to logistical, epistemic, and ontological reasons why a ... More


Cladistics at an Earlier Time

Gareth Nelson

in Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276581
eISBN:
9780520956759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276581.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Historically, one beginning of cladistics was the revolution in paleontology. It began in the 1960s with the publication of Lars Brundin’s monograph on austral midges (1966) and the Stockholm ... More


Patterson’s Curse, Molecular Homology, and the Data Matrix

David M. Williams and Malte C. Ebach

in Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276581
eISBN:
9780520956759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276581.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

There is no comprehensive history of cladistics, the theory of systematics that revolutionized comparative biology in the early 1960s. There may be no general understanding of what cladistics is or ... More


History and Theory in the Development of Phylogenetics in Botany

Brent D. Mishler

in Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520276581
eISBN:
9780520956759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276581.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The history of botanical systematics developed differently than zoological systematics in various ways. Botany started from a different place and went in different directions than zoology did. ... More


Ladders, Bushes, Punctuations, and Clades: Hominid Paleobiology in the Late Twentieth Century

Tim D. White

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter examines hominid paleobiology and the history of the modern interpretations of human evolution. It outlines hominid paleobiology's place in science and situates it within post-Synthetic ... More


View: