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What Does a Democratic Army Look Like?

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses some of the useful theoretical contributions that inform the study of civil–military relations and democratization in different political environments. The course of democratic ... More


Problems with Strategy: Often a Bridge Too Far

Colin S. Gray

in The Strategy Bridge: Theory for Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579662
eISBN:
9780191594458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579662.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Strategy is the art of the possible, as Helmuth von Moltke (the Elder) insisted, and what is possible is revealed by net tactical performance. And the whole military (and other) endeavour must serve ... More


After State-Socialism in Europe: Slovenia, Russia, and Romania

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines three East European states: Slovenia, a small country that has enjoyed a smooth transition to democracy and market economy; Russia, the world's largest state, which has failed ... More


After Military Rule in Europe: Spain, Portugal, and Greece

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the cases of Spain and Portugal. After decades of authoritarianism, placing the Spanish military under civilian control proved to be a relatively straightforward and brief ... More


India

Vipin Narang

in Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores India's nuclear posture. Like China's, India's nuclear posture is classified as one of assured retaliation. There have been various dramatic moments in India's nuclear weapons ... More


After Colonial Rule in Asia: India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter looks at two pivotal states of South Asia: India and Pakistan. India and Pakistan gained their independence in 1947. India succeeded in placing its armed forces under firm and virtually ... More


Civil-Military Relations

Daivd Shambaugh

in Modernizing China's Military: Progress, Problems, and Prospects

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225077
eISBN:
9780520938106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225077.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter assesses China's civil–military relations, focusing on the post-1989 evolution of the military elite; the impact of the military suppression in Beijing on June 4, 1989; and the broader ... More


Civil-Military Relations and Military Effectiveness: Egypt in the 1967 and 1973 Wars

Risa A. Brooks

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter investigates how variation in the political-military balance of power in a state influences its military activities and effectiveness. It compares two cases of autocratic states that ... More


China

Vipin Narang

in Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter relies on the best available English language sources to detail Chinese nuclear posture over time. China, like India, has persistently adopted an assured retaliation posture against its ... More


After World War II: Germany, Japan, and Hungary

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the democratization of civil–military relations in two former fascist dictatorships, postwar Germany and Japan, whose armies had destroyed and terrorized large swathes of the ... More


The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Zoltan Barany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This is the first book to systematically explore, on a global scale, civil–military relations in democratizing and changing states. Looking at how armies supportive of democracy are built, the book ... More


Implications for Policy and Theory

David P. Auerswald and Stephen M. Saideman

in NATO in Afghanistan: Fighting Together, Fighting Alone

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159386
eISBN:
9781400848676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159386.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter identifies the implications of this book's study for both future research and policy makers. One implication of this study is the shedding of light on the forum-shopping ... More


Assessing the Relationship Between Civilian Control of the Military and the Consolidation of Democracy

Harold A. Trinkunas

in Crafting Civilian Control of the Military in Venezuela: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807829820
eISBN:
9781469603643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877036_trinkunas.11
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This concluding chapter compares the Venezuelan experience against better-understood cases of democratic civil-military relations: Chile (1989 and after), Argentina (1983 and after), and Spain (1975 ... More


Explaining Strategic Performance in Limited Warfare

Spencer D. Bakich

in Success and Failure in Limited War: Information and Strategy in the Korean, Vietnam, Persian Gulf, and Iraq Wars

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226107684
eISBN:
9780226107851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107851.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter establishes the theoretical framework for the book. Initially, the problem of escalation is argued to be central to limited warfare and limited war strategies. Undesired escalation can ... More


Information Institutions Matter!

Spencer D. Bakich

in Success and Failure in Limited War: Information and Strategy in the Korean, Vietnam, Persian Gulf, and Iraq Wars

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226107684
eISBN:
9780226107851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107851.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter summarizes the findings of the previous four empirical chapters and spells out the implications of the information institution approach for international relations theory and foreign ... More


The Legitimacy of the State and Private Military and Security Companies

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the employers of private military force. In doing so, it considers the differing ways of organizing the military. It first outlines and defends the ‘Cumulative Legitimacy ... More


Regulating the role of private military companies in shaping security and politics

Anna Leander

in From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter argues that given the way PMCs shape security concerns and more generally political priorities, civil-military relations as a regulatory concern has been strangely ignored in the debate ... More


Civilians and their Regiments

David French

in Military Identities: The Regimental System, the British Army, and the British People c.1870-2000

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199258031
eISBN:
9780191717840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258031.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

Cardwell and Childers hoped to raise the status of the regular soldier by rooting each regiment in its own local community, and using the depot and its linked militia and volunteer units as bridges ... More


Turkey

Nil S. Satana

in Providing Peacekeepers: The Politics, Challenges, and Future of United Nations Peacekeeping Contributions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672820
eISBN:
9780191751585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672820.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines why Turkish contributions to UN peacekeeping rose in the 2000s and why its contributions remained limited relative to the potential capacity of the Turkish Armed Forces and the ... More


A government in search of cover: Private military companies in Iraq

David Isenberg

in From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The use and conduct of PMCs in Iraq have posed different problems and challenges to regulation. This is illustrated most starkly by the difference in treatment of individuals implicated in the Abu ... More


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