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What Does a Democratic Army Look Like?

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses some of the useful theoretical contributions that inform the study of civil–military relations and democratization in different political environments. The course of democratic ... More


Problems with Strategy: Often a Bridge Too Far

Colin S. Gray

in The Strategy Bridge: Theory for Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579662
eISBN:
9780191594458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579662.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Strategy is the art of the possible, as Helmuth von Moltke (the Elder) insisted, and what is possible is revealed by net tactical performance. And the whole military (and other) endeavour must serve ... More


After State-Socialism in Europe: Slovenia, Russia, and Romania

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines three East European states: Slovenia, a small country that has enjoyed a smooth transition to democracy and market economy; Russia, the world's largest state, which has failed ... More


After Military Rule in Europe: Spain, Portugal, and Greece

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the cases of Spain and Portugal. After decades of authoritarianism, placing the Spanish military under civilian control proved to be a relatively straightforward and brief ... More


India

Vipin Narang

in Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores India's nuclear posture. Like China's, India's nuclear posture is classified as one of assured retaliation. There have been various dramatic moments in India's nuclear weapons ... More


After Colonial Rule in Asia: India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter looks at two pivotal states of South Asia: India and Pakistan. India and Pakistan gained their independence in 1947. India succeeded in placing its armed forces under firm and virtually ... More


Civil-Military Relations

Daivd Shambaugh

in Modernizing China's Military: Progress, Problems, and Prospects

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225077
eISBN:
9780520938106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225077.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter assesses China's civil–military relations, focusing on the post-1989 evolution of the military elite; the impact of the military suppression in Beijing on June 4, 1989; and the broader ... More


Forging the Sword: Civil–Military Relations and Military Effectiveness

Anit Mukherjee

in The Absent Dialogue: Politicians, Bureaucrats, and the Military in India

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190905903
eISBN:
9780190069223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905903.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains the book’s theoretical underpinnings. It begins by discussing the contrasting views of Samuel Huntington and Eliot Cohen on the preferred role and “balance” of civil–military ... More


Civil-Military Relations and Military Effectiveness: Egypt in the 1967 and 1973 Wars

Risa A. Brooks

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter investigates how variation in the political-military balance of power in a state influences its military activities and effectiveness. It compares two cases of autocratic states that ... More


China

Vipin Narang

in Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter relies on the best available English language sources to detail Chinese nuclear posture over time. China, like India, has persistently adopted an assured retaliation posture against its ... More


After World War II: Germany, Japan, and Hungary

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the democratization of civil–military relations in two former fascist dictatorships, postwar Germany and Japan, whose armies had destroyed and terrorized large swathes of the ... More


The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Zoltan Barany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This is the first book to systematically explore, on a global scale, civil–military relations in democratizing and changing states. Looking at how armies supportive of democracy are built, the book ... More


Conclusion

Anit Mukherjee

in The Absent Dialogue: Politicians, Bureaucrats, and the Military in India

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190905903
eISBN:
9780190069223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905903.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The concluding chapter revisits some of the main arguments in this book. It begins by examining the relevance of the absent dialogue framework in describing India's civil–military relations. It ... More


Introduction

Anit Mukherjee

in The Absent Dialogue: Politicians, Bureaucrats, and the Military in India

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190905903
eISBN:
9780190069223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905903.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter provides an overview of the central claims in the book. It begins by describing some recent vignettes in India’s civil–military relations, which convey the disquiet and its recurring ... More


Tumultuous Times: The Contemporary Discourse on Civil–Military Relations

Anit Mukherjee

in The Absent Dialogue: Politicians, Bureaucrats, and the Military in India

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190905903
eISBN:
9780190069223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905903.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses contemporary civil–military relations in India, engaging with, and occasionally refuting, a number of narratives. It begins with an overview of four main controversies—the ... More


Implications for Policy and Theory

David P. Auerswald and Stephen M. Saideman

in NATO in Afghanistan: Fighting Together, Fighting Alone

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159386
eISBN:
9781400848676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159386.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter identifies the implications of this book's study for both future research and policy makers. One implication of this study is the shedding of light on the forum-shopping ... More


Assessing the Relationship Between Civilian Control of the Military and the Consolidation of Democracy

Harold A. Trinkunas

in Crafting Civilian Control of the Military in Venezuela: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807829820
eISBN:
9781469603643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877036_trinkunas.11
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This concluding chapter compares the Venezuelan experience against better-understood cases of democratic civil-military relations: Chile (1989 and after), Argentina (1983 and after), and Spain (1975 ... More


Explaining Strategic Performance in Limited Warfare

Spencer D. Bakich

in Success and Failure in Limited War: Information and Strategy in the Korean, Vietnam, Persian Gulf, and Iraq Wars

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226107684
eISBN:
9780226107851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107851.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter establishes the theoretical framework for the book. Initially, the problem of escalation is argued to be central to limited warfare and limited war strategies. Undesired escalation can ... More


Information Institutions Matter!

Spencer D. Bakich

in Success and Failure in Limited War: Information and Strategy in the Korean, Vietnam, Persian Gulf, and Iraq Wars

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226107684
eISBN:
9780226107851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107851.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter summarizes the findings of the previous four empirical chapters and spells out the implications of the information institution approach for international relations theory and foreign ... More


The Legitimacy of the State and Private Military and Security Companies

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the employers of private military force. In doing so, it considers the differing ways of organizing the military. It first outlines and defends the ‘Cumulative Legitimacy ... More


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