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Nonviolent Revolutions: Civil Resistance in the Late 20th Century

Sharon Erickson Nepstad

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778201
eISBN:
9780199897216
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778201.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

In 1989, citizens in China and East Germany rose up, demanding political change. Both movements used the tactics of strategic nonviolence but their outcomes differed: the Tiananmen Square revolt was ... More


Nonviolent Power and Revolutionary Change

Sharon Erickson Nepstad

in Nonviolent Revolutions: Civil Resistance in the Late 20th Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778201
eISBN:
9780199897216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778201.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter lays out the analytic framework for the study by introducing readers to theories of revolutions and strategic nonviolence. It reviews recent research on this topic, focusing on the ... More


How Civil Resistance Works

Sharon Erickson Nepstad

in Nonviolent Revolutions: Civil Resistance in the Late 20th Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778201
eISBN:
9780199897216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778201.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter provides an overview of the factors that distinguished the successful cases from the failed ones. Comparing the effects of various nonviolent techniques, this chapter emphasizes that one ... More


The Challenges at Work: Testing the Civil Resistance Transitions Data

Jonathan C. Pinckney

in From Dissent to Democracy: The Promise and Perils of Civil Resistance Transitions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190097301
eISBN:
9780190097349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190097301.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter presents the results of two statistical analyses: one comparing transitions initiated by nonviolent resistance (civil resistance transitions) with all other types of political ... More


Civil Resistance and the Fate of the Arab Spring

Adam Roberts

in Civil Resistance in the Arab Spring: Triumphs and Disasters

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749028
eISBN:
9780191811630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749028.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter addresses general questions raised by the events from 2010 onwards in countries of the Middle East and North Africa. How unified, or diverse, were the phenomena covered by the ... More


The Challenges of Civil Resistance Transitions

Jonathan C. Pinckney

in From Dissent to Democracy: The Promise and Perils of Civil Resistance Transitions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190097301
eISBN:
9780190097349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190097301.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

What are the effects of nonviolent (civil) resistance on political transitions? This chapter examines what we know about the relationship between nonviolent resistance and political order and uses ... More


How to Mind Your Own Business

Jonathan McKenzie

in The Political Thought of Henry David Thoreau: Privatism and the Practice of Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166308
eISBN:
9780813166384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166308.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Critics have long been unable to square Henry D. Thoreau’s individualist philosophy with his intermittent political participation. In order to clarify Thoreau’s intentions, this chapter offers an ... More


Civil Resistance in the Syrian Uprising: From Peaceful Protest to Sectarian Civil War

Raymond Hinnebusch, Omar Imady, and Tina Zintl

in Civil Resistance in the Arab Spring: Triumphs and Disasters

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749028
eISBN:
9780191811630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749028.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines civil resistance in the Syrian Uprising, looking both at its consequences for the power struggle and its long-term likely effect on citizen participation in Syria. Non-violent ... More


From Dissent to Democracy: The Promise and Perils of Civil Resistance Transitions

Jonathan C. Pinckney

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190097301
eISBN:
9780190097349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190097301.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Under what conditions will successful nonviolent revolutions lead to democratization? While the scholarly literature has shown that nonviolent resistance has a positive effect on a country’s level of ... More


Civil Resistance in Libya during the Arab Spring

George Joffé

in Civil Resistance in the Arab Spring: Triumphs and Disasters

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749028
eISBN:
9780191811630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749028.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Despite the autocratic nature of the Gaddafi regime in Libya, its weakness in Cyrenaica (Libya’s eastern province) became apparent in the 1990s. A series of protests there over specific issues—the ... More


Morocco: Obedience, Civil Resistance, and Dispersed Solidarities

Driss Maghraoui

in Civil Resistance in the Arab Spring: Triumphs and Disasters

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749028
eISBN:
9780191811630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749028.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the relationship between civil society in Morocco and the emergence of new forms of civil resistance in the context of a hegemonic monarchical institution and fragmented ... More


Civil Resistance in the Arab Spring: Triumphs and Disasters

Adam Roberts, Michael J. Willis, Rory McCarthy, and Timothy Garton Ash (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749028
eISBN:
9780191811630
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749028.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book provides a vivid account and analysis of the role of non-violent resistance in the ‘Arab Spring’—the chain of events in the Middle East and North Africa that erupted in December 2010, ... More


Gandhian Nonviolent Struggle and Untouchability in South India: The 1924–25 Vykom Satyagraha and Mechanisms of Change

Mary Elizabeth King

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199452668
eISBN:
9780199085279
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199452668.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

In the 1920s, in the south Indian village of Vykom, a nonviolent struggle sought to open to everyone the roads surrounding the Brahmin temple there. For centuries, any person or animal could walk ... More


Toward a Theory of Unarmed Revolution

Daniel P. Ritter

in The Iron Cage of Liberalism: International Politics and Unarmed Revolutions in the Middle East and North Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199658329
eISBN:
9780191755965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658329.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The book’s opening chapter begins by establishing the emergence of unarmed revolution in the late twentieth century and depicts it as a distinct political phenomenon. The chapter then introduces the ... More


The Background to Civil Resistance in the Middle East

Chibli Mallat and Edward Mortimer

in Civil Resistance in the Arab Spring: Triumphs and Disasters

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749028
eISBN:
9780191811630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749028.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Western analysts have often treated the Middle East as a region of exceptional violence, attributing this to peculiarities of Arab or Muslim culture. This chapter shows that in fact the region has a ... More


The Change Squares of Yemen: Civil Resistance in an Unlikely Context

Helen Lackner

in Civil Resistance in the Arab Spring: Triumphs and Disasters

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749028
eISBN:
9780191811630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749028.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the roots and course of non-violent political action in Yemen from the mid-twentieth century to the 2011 uprisings and beyond. As the overwhelming majority of Yemenis are armed ... More


Meanings of Democracy

Rosario Forlenza

in On the Edge of Democracy: Italy, 1943-1948

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198817444
eISBN:
9780191859045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817444.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter analyzes the liminal time of the war as a critical interstice of creative pluralism, and explores the various meanings of democracy that emerged from the transformative experiences of ... More


Rights, Rhetoric, and Revolutions

Daniel P. Ritter

in The Iron Cage of Liberalism: International Politics and Unarmed Revolutions in the Middle East and North Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199658329
eISBN:
9780191755965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658329.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The book’s final chapter summarizes the study’s central findings and restates its theoretical argument. The chapter concludes that friendly international relations between democratic states and ... More


Hirak! Civil Resistance and the Jordan Spring

Jacob Amis

in Civil Resistance in the Arab Spring: Triumphs and Disasters

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749028
eISBN:
9780191811630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749028.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

From January 2011 Jordan witnessed both an acceleration of existing processes of civil resistance and the emergence of entirely new forms of activism. Inspired by events abroad, the increased popular ... More


The Iron Cage of Liberalism: International Politics and Unarmed Revolutions in the Middle East and North Africa

Daniel Ritter

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199658329
eISBN:
9780191755965
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658329.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Revolutions no longer stand to be recognized. In contrast to the processes of political and social change spearheaded—and romanticized—by revolutionaries like Lenin and Mao, contemporary revolutions ... More


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