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El Salvador: Group of Friends of the UN Secretary‐General

Jochen Prantl

in The UN Security Council and Informal Groups of States

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287680
eISBN:
9780191603723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287686.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The UN Secretariat assumed the leading role as intermediary to reach a negotiated settlement of the conflict in El Salvador. The Friends of the Secretary-General on El Salvador somewhat revived the ... More


Internal Wars In Developing Countries: An Empirical Overview of Economic and Social Consequences

Frances Stewart, Cindy Huang, and Michael Wang

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents an empirical overview of some of the economic costs and social costs of civil conflict in the last 25 years. Attention is focused on internal conflict because it has been much ... More


Case Studies of Countries at War: An Introduction

Frances Stewart and Valpy Fitzgerald

in War and Underdevelopment

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241880
eISBN:
9780191696978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241880.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The frequent incidence of civil conflict in poor countries and its tendency to recur mean that it is responsible for some of the most serious aspects of underdevelopment — malnutrition, poor ... More


Pillars of Prosperity: The Political Economics of Development Clusters

Timothy Besley and Torsten Persson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152684
eISBN:
9781400840526
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152684.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

“Little else is required to carry a state to the highest degree of opulence from the lowest barbarism, but peace, easy taxes, and a tolerable administration of justice; all the rest being brought ... More


Ius in Bello Interno: The Present and Future Law * **

Detlev F. Vagts and Theodor Meron

in Humanizing the Laws of War: Selected Writings of Richard Baxter

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680252
eISBN:
9780191760181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680252.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses issues concerning the law of war. These include the recognition of belligerency; the application of the international law of war during civil conflicts; the definition of a ... More


Cleavage Types and Conflict in Multiethnic States: A Global Analysis

Manuel Vogt

in Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190065874
eISBN:
9780190065904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190065874.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter tests the structural part of the book’s theory from a global perspective. It analyzes the relationship between ethnic cleavage types and the prevalence of different forms of ... More


Sarajevo, 1941-1945: Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Hitler's Europe

Emily Greble

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449215
eISBN:
9780801460739
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449215.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

On April 15, 1941, Sarajevo fell to Germany's 16th Motorized Infantry Division. The city, along with the rest of Bosnia, was incorporated into the Independent State of Croatia, one of the most brutal ... More


Human Rights Violations and Conflict Risk: A Theoretical and Empirical Assessment

Kjersti Skarstad

in Promoting Peace Through International Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198722731
eISBN:
9780191789496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722731.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

A central premise and promise of human rights law is that the protection of human rights leads to greater peace for societies. Yet, in empirical conflict research, rights violations have largely not ... More


Conclusions

Chaloka Beyani

in Human Rights Standards and the Free Movement of People Within States

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268215
eISBN:
9780191683459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268215.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The freedom of movement and residence within States involve a multitude of concerns such as internal migration, the state of those who are displaced within States brought about by civil conflicts, ... More


Reading and Politics in Early Modern England: The Mental World of a Seventeenth-century Catholic Gentleman

Geoff Baker

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719080241
eISBN:
9781781701799
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719080241.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book examines the activities of William Blundell, a seventeenth-century Catholic gentleman, and using the approaches of the history of reading provides a detailed analysis of his mindset. ... More


Introduction

Adria Lawrence and Erica Chenoweth

in Rethinking Violence: States and Non-State Actors in Conflict

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014205
eISBN:
9780262266086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014205.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Introduction gives an outline of all the pertinent topics discussed in the book. Chapter 2 attempts to assess the impact of civilian victimization on the achievement of wartime objectives. ... More


Moral Improvisation and New Obligations

F. M. Kamm

in The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199897520
eISBN:
9780199950249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199897520.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores Barbara Herman's views regarding justice after the civil conflict in South Africa. It observes that her views seem to be applicable to justice after war between states, and ... More


The Logic of Violent Ethnic Competition: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

Manuel Vogt

in Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190065874
eISBN:
9780190065904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190065874.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter provides both quantitative and qualitative evidence from post–Cold War sub-Saharan Africa for how ethnic organizations affect outcomes of equality and peace in decolonized states. It ... More


A Composite-Actor Approach to Conflict Behavior

Wendy Pearlman

in Rethinking Violence: States and Non-State Actors in Conflict

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014205
eISBN:
9780262266086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014205.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter introduces the composite-actor approach to explain violence in civil conflicts and identifies three categories of actors — elites, aspirants, and masses — which shape politics in ... More


Introduction

Erin K. Jenne

in Nested Security: Lessons in Conflict Management from the League of Nations and the European Union

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453908
eISBN:
9781501701276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453908.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the two security regimes studied in this book: the interwar League regime and the post-Cold War regime. At the close of World War I, the Allied ... More


Introduction

Manuel Vogt

in Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190065874
eISBN:
9780190065904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190065874.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter introduces the puzzle that the book seeks to explain. Ethnic movements—that is, organized political campaigns by groups whose collective identity is defined by language, religion, or ... More


A Theory of Ethnic Cleavages, Group Mobilization, and Conflict in Multiethnic States

Manuel Vogt

in Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190065874
eISBN:
9780190065904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190065874.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that the consequences of ethnic group mobilization depend on countries’ ethnic cleavage types. It introduces two ideal types of multiethnic societies: segmented unranked and ... More


Two Logics of Ethnic Mobilization: Theoretical and Practical Implications

Manuel Vogt

in Mobilization and Conflict in Multiethnic States

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190065874
eISBN:
9780190065904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190065874.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter first summarizes the main empirical findings of the foregoing chapters. It then elaborates on their theoretical and practical implications, describing how they contribute to a number of ... More


When the Intervention Fails, Does the Research Still Matter?: Overtaken by Events in Solomon Islands

Stuart Kirsch

in Engaged Anthropology: Politics beyond the Text

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780520297944
eISBN:
9780520970090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520297944.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This chapter discusses a consultancy on property and pollution associated with a legal action representing indigenous landowners against the owners of a gold mine outside Honiara in the Solomon ... More


Who Stays and Who Leaves During Mass Atrocities?

Ana María Ibáñez and Andrés Moya

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The chapter reviews the literature on large-scale violence and population displacement with three specific objectives in mind. First, it discusses how strategies adopted by armed actors and victims ... More


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