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Human Rights Transformed: Positive Rights and Positive Duties

Sandra Fredman FBA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199272761
eISBN:
9780191709814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272761.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This book moves beyond the artificial boundary between socio-economic and civil and political rights and instead focuses on the positive duties to which all rights give rise. Human rights have ... More


The Prohibition of Propaganda for War in International Human Rights Treaties

Michael G. Kearney

in The Prohibition of Propaganda for War in International Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199232451
eISBN:
9780191716034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232451.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the manner in which Article 20(1) of the Covenant has been interpreted and applied. Drawing on the periodic reports of states parties to the Human Rights Committee, and the ... More


The Destruction of Trust

John A. Hall

in The Importance of Being Civil: The Struggle for Political Decency

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153261
eISBN:
9781400847495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153261.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter shows how the state can undermine civility by destroying cooperative relations in society. The analysis of trust has become a central focus in contemporary social theory. This is wholly ... More


Betting on the Long Term, 1998–1999

Rosemary Foot

in Rights Beyond Borders: The Global Community and the Struggle over Human Rights in China

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297765
eISBN:
9780191599279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297769.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

All governments involved in the human rights struggle in China could claim certain policy successes by 1998: for the democracies, there was the release of a few Chinese dissidents, a visit to China ... More


International Human Rights Law in Perspective: Legal Issues and Social Constructs

Michael L. Perlin

in International Human Rights and Mental Disability Law: When the Silenced are Heard

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393231
eISBN:
9780199914548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393231.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter offers a short overview of international human rights law that relates generally to mental disability law. It begins with a short background of early UN documents and conventions, ... More


“Becoming Visible”: Italian Women and Their Male Co-Citizens in the Liberal State

Sabina Donati (ed.)

in A Political History of National Citizenship and Identity in Italy, 1861-1950

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804784511
eISBN:
9780804787338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784511.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

“Becoming Visible”: Italian Women and Their Male Co-Citizens in the Liberal State


The Patriarch–President Pact and the People in Between

Mariz Tadros

in Copts at the Crossroads: The Challenges of Building Inclusive Democracy in Egypt

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9789774165917
eISBN:
9781617975479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165917.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The focus of this chapter is the Church–state–citizen relations from the 1950s to 2004, looking at how the Church leadership emerged as the mediator between Coptic citizenry and the state. It argues ... More


Globalization, Climate Change, and Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic: An Interface between Free Trade and the Right to Culture

Kamrul Hossain

in Globalization, International Law, and Human Rights

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074151
eISBN:
9780199080830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074151.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter focuses on the Arctic region, which suffers greatly from environmental changes due to global climate change. Environmental preservation in the Arctic has a significant link to certain ... More


Accountability and the Foundations of British Democracy—the Public Interest and Public Service Principles

Dawn Oliver

in Accountability in the Contemporary Constitution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199670024
eISBN:
9780191749414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670024.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter focuses on the purposes of accountability mechanisms in the UK's constitutional arrangements. Politicians and public officials in the UK work within a ‘web’ of accountability mechanisms. ... More


The Capitalist Argument

Arvind Sharma

in Are Human Rights Western?: A Contribution to the Dialogue of Civilizations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195679489
eISBN:
9780199081714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679489.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the capitalist argument for the claim that human rights are Western. Human rights are Western in the sense that they are associated with the phenomenon of capitalism. This ... More


The History of the Covenants: Looking Back Half a Century and Beyond

Maya Hertig Randall

in The Human Rights Covenants at 50: Their Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198825890
eISBN:
9780191864902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825890.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Translating the UDHR into a binding treaty ‘with teeth’ was an acid test for the international community. This chapter places the genesis of the ICESCR and the ICCPR in its political context. It ... More


Influence of the ICCPR in the Middle East

Başak Çali

in The Human Rights Covenants at 50: Their Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198825890
eISBN:
9780191864902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825890.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter surveys the legal influence of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) on the domestic laws of States in the Middle East region. It analyses ratification, ... More


Influence of the ICCPR in Asia

Yogesh Tyagi

in The Human Rights Covenants at 50: Their Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198825890
eISBN:
9780191864902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825890.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The golden jubilee of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) coincides with the emergence of Asia as a centre of global attention. However, greater attention to Asia has ... More


Human Rights, Politics, and Development

Joel E. Oestreich

in Development and Human Rights: Rhetoric and Reality in India

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190637347
eISBN:
9780190637378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190637347.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Democratization

This chapter sets up the two key questions for the book: How does a rights-based approach to development change the way UN agencies pursue their development agenda? And, how does the pursuit of human ... More


Conditional Membership: Socialization and Community Delimitation

Ryan Goodman and Derek Jinks

in Socializing States: Promoting Human Rights through International Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199300990
eISBN:
9780199367610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300990.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapters 5–7 demonstrate that a close analysis of the characteristics and function of each mechanism matters for designing international institutions such as human rights treaties. These chapters ... More


Jews and the Imperial Social Hierarchy

Benjamin Nathans

in Beyond the Pale: The Jewish Encounter with Late Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520208308
eISBN:
9780520931299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208308.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter investigates Russia's regime of legal disabilities specifically aimed at its Jewish population when Jewish emancipation had swept from west to east across nearly the entire European ... More


Popular Sovereignty and Revolutionary Constitution-Making

Richard Stacey

in Philosophical Foundations of Constitutional Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198754527
eISBN:
9780191816161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754527.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The moment between the abrogation of an old constitution and the adoption of a new one can be thought of as a ‘constitutional interregnum’. In this moment, there is no constitutional foundation for ... More


The Interests Protected by the Right to Security of Person

Rhonda Powell

in Rights as Security: The Theoretical Basis of Security of Person

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780199589111
eISBN:
9780191792557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199589111.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Drawing on the analysis of security in Chapter 3 and the capabilities approach in Chapter 4, Chapter 5 provides examples of the interests that the right to security of person protects. It also ... More


The Impact and Importance of International Human Rights Standards: Asia in World Perspective

Saul Lehrfreund

in Confronting Capital Punishment in Asia: Human Rights, Politics and Public Opinion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685776
eISBN:
9780191765773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685776.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Comparative Law

International norms and standards have been developed to provide a code of irreducible standards that are applicable to all states pending total abolition of capital punishment. This chapter ... More


Extra-legal Executions

Nigel Rodley and Matt Pollard

in The Treatment of Prisoners under International Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199693566
eISBN:
9780191807503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199693566.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter looks into extra-legal executions and its variety, summary or arbitrary execution. It examines the language used in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in confirming ... More


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