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Civil Administration

Richard Caplan

in International Governance of War-Torn Territories: Rule and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199263455
eISBN:
9780191602726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263450.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The most distinctive feature of transitional administrations is the establishment and management of interim administrative structures with wholesale responsibility for the implementation of public ... More


“Alert, Not Alarm” The First Ten Years, 1945–1955

Dee Garrison

in Bracing for Armageddon: Why Civil Defense Never Worked

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183191
eISBN:
9780199788804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183191.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses President Harry Truman's reluctant creation of the Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA) in 1950 and the predominant role it assigned to women; the importance of the ... More


A Fair Deal or a Raw Deal?

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on the first New Deal and access to Federal Emergency Relief, as well as the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Public Works Administration, and the Civil Works Administration. ... More


UN‐led reconstruction following NATO‐led military intervention: Kosovo

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

The UN-led reconstruction following the 1999 NATO-led military intervention in Kosovo provides a striking contrast in reconstruction to that of El Salvador. This chapter analyzes how UNMIK, with a ... More


The Last Century of Roman Rule

Anthony R. Birley

in The Roman Government of Britain

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199252374
eISBN:
9780191719103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252374.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the late 3rd- or early 4th-century division of Britain into a diocese with four provinces, then the later creation of the fifth province, Valentia. The changed structure of the ... More


Forms of Military Government

Peter M. R. Stirk

in The Politics of Military Occupation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748636716
eISBN:
9780748652754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748636716.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter deals with forms of military government, a government instituted by military officers through a military chain of command. Military government readily appears archaic and not merely ... More


The Window of Survivability

Edward M. Geist

in Armageddon Insurance: Civil Defense in the United States and Soviet Union, 1945-1991

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469645254
eISBN:
9781469645278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469645254.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Prior to the introduction of thermonuclear weapons in the mid-1950s, civil defense to protect civilian populations appeared relatively plausible. Despite these apparently favourable conditions, both ... More


Inauspicious Beginnings

Edward M. Geist

in Armageddon Insurance: Civil Defense in the United States and Soviet Union, 1945-1991

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469645254
eISBN:
9781469645278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469645254.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the development of civil defense in the United States and Soviet Union up until the early 1950s. The predecessors of civil defense first appeared during the 19th century, but it ... More


Planning the Future

Zbyněk Zeman and Antonín Klimek

in The Life of Edvard Beneš 1884–1948: Czechoslovakia in Peace and War

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205838
eISBN:
9780191676802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205838.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the political, administrative, economic, and social reforms that were required by the renewed state under close co-operation with the Soviets. A report sent to London from the ... More


The Army and Law and Order 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0057
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter analyses the issue of deployment of the army on the request of the state government to quell disturbances. Mr Sharad Pawar's criticism on the frequent deployment of the army has been ... More


Chapter Six

Janann Sherman

in Walking on Air: The Aerial Adventures of Phoebe Omlie

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031243
eISBN:
9781617031250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031243.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes events in Phoebe’s life including the death of her husband Vernon in a plane crash in 1936; her resignation from her position with the federal government to campaign for ... More


Incarceration

Yoosun Park

in Facilitating Injustice: The Complicity of Social Workers in the Forced Removal and Incarceration of Japanese Americans, 1941-1946

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780199765058
eISBN:
9780190081348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199765058.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Hastily built on existing sites such as race tracks and fair grounds, the temporary Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) detention camps in which the Nikkei were first incarcerated were unfit ... More


Belarusian Partisans and German Reprisals

Timm C. Richter

in Stalin and Europe: Imitation and Domination, 1928-1953

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199945566
eISBN:
9780199392605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945566.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

Soviet partisan warfare and German antipartisan operations were brutal. The Germans carried out mass reprisals; the Soviet partisans used terror to compel cooperation. Both sides also resorted to ... More


The Removal

Yoosun Park

in Facilitating Injustice: The Complicity of Social Workers in the Forced Removal and Incarceration of Japanese Americans, 1941-1946

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780199765058
eISBN:
9780190081348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199765058.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

In the so-called controlled phase of the removal of the Nikkei, social workers on loan to the Bureau of Public Assistance were responsible for the provision of “all necessary social welfare services ... More


The Holocaust in Ukraine: History—Historiography—Memory

Dieter Pohl

in Stalin and Europe: Imitation and Domination, 1928-1953

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199945566
eISBN:
9780199392605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945566.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

Every fourth victim of the Holocaust came from Ukraine. Nonetheless, it is difficult to analyze the Holocaust in this country due to the lack of sources and the various foreign occupation regimes. ... More


German Economic Plans for the Occupied Soviet Union and Their Implementation, 1941–1944

Alex J. Kay

in Stalin and Europe: Imitation and Domination, 1928-1953

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199945566
eISBN:
9780199392605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945566.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

German economic plans for the occupied Soviet Union and their subsequent implementation between 1941 and 1944 were sweeping and draconian. Had Germany succeeded in defeating the Soviet Union, the ... More


Rethinking Public Institutions in India

Devesh Kapur, Pratap Bhanu Mehta, and Milan Vaishnav (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199474370
eISBN:
9780199089109
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474370.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Over the past quarter century, India has experienced transformative changes in the realms of the economy, foreign policy, politics, and society. Despite these historic shifts, India’s public ... More


Okinawa and Hawai‘i

Manako Ogawa

in Sea of Opportunity: The Japanese Pioneers of the Fishing Industry in Hawaii

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839611
eISBN:
9780824869595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839611.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

The United Fishing Agency started recruiting Okinawan fishermen to Hawai‘i as the result of negotiations with the military government of Okinawa. In addition to Okinawans, the shortage of Japanese ... More


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