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The Fortifications of the City of Gyaur Kala, Merv

V. A. ZAVYALOV

in After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263846
eISBN:
9780191734113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263846.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter describes the fortifications of the ancient city of Gyaur Kala in the Merv Oasis based on the result of archaeological excavations. It summarizes the phases of construction and ... More


City Walls in the Written Record and the Visual Arts

Rune Frederiksen

in Greek City Walls of the Archaic Period, 900–480 BC

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199578122
eISBN:
9780191808289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199578122.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the textual evidence pertaining to the establishment of the Archaic city walls. These include written sources and terminology relevant to that time period as well as ... More


The Prevalence of City Walls in Early Iron Age and Archaic Greece

Rune Frederiksen

in Greek City Walls of the Archaic Period, 900–480 BC

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199578122
eISBN:
9780191808289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199578122.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter analyses the evidence on the existence of fortification walls during the Early Iron Age and Archaic period. The analysis is divided into two segments: one is the collection of evidence ... More


City Walls

Filippo Coarelli

in Rome and Environs: An Archaeological Guide

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520079601
eISBN:
9780520935099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520079601.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Based on literary sources, the construction of Rome's earliest walls was attributed to the city's penultimate king, Servius Tullius, although, according to some authors, work on this project may well ... More


The Archaeology of City Walls

Rune Frederiksen

in Greek City Walls of the Archaic Period, 900–480 BC

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199578122
eISBN:
9780191808289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199578122.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter deals with the issue of identifying the nature of city walls, particularly the difficulties in classifying those that are poorly preserved. Ancient Greek cities normally establish ... More


Preservation of City Walls

Rune Frederiksen

in Greek City Walls of the Archaic Period, 900–480 BC

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199578122
eISBN:
9780191808289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199578122.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter investigates the evidence of destruction of various walls throughout history in an attempt to look at this study of pre-Classical walls through the right perspective. It covers research ... More


Dating City Walls

Rune Frederiksen

in Greek City Walls of the Archaic Period, 900–480 BC

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199578122
eISBN:
9780191808289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199578122.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on the process and challenges of dating city walls. Even in the presence of extensive academic research regarding Greek city walls, there are still numerous undated walls that ... More


Introduction

Rune Frederiksen

in Greek City Walls of the Archaic Period, 900–480 BC

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199578122
eISBN:
9780191808289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199578122.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, namely to discuss the importance of settlement fortifications and Archaic city walls, how the Greek poleis were normally fortified, and the ... More


Beyond the Walled City: Colonial Exclusion in Havana

Guadalupe García

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520286030
eISBN:
9780520961371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286030.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Security was the primary concern of colonial empire in the Americas, and nowhere was this more evident than in the walled port city of colonial Havana. Looking within, through, and beyond the ... More


The Eastern Imperial City And Environs

M. A. Aldrich

in The Search for a Vanishing Beijing: A Guide to China's Capital Through the Ages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622097773
eISBN:
9789882207585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622097773.003.0025
Subject:
History, Asian History

The original eastern section of the Imperial City Wall ran along Bei He Yan Avenue and Nan He Yan Avenue. A small sliver of the red wall with its yellow glazed tiles still stands near the ... More


‘Of War and Taking Towns’: Byron’s and Hemans’s post-Waterloo Poetry, 1816–1828

Simon Bainbridge

in British Poetry and the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars: Visions of Conflict

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198187585
eISBN:
9780191718922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187585.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter examines the works of Lord Byron and Felicia Hemans, whose obsession with war developed out of their engagement with the Peninsular War and whose poetic identities were profoundly shaped ... More


Walls

Emanuele Coccia and Marissa Gemma

in Goods: Advertising, Urban Space, and the Moral Law of the Image

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780823280223
eISBN:
9780823281565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823280223.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter offers philosophical reflections on the nature of commodities and their value in our civilization, focusing on the particular site where a commodity becomes recognizable as itself: the ... More


Fortifications

James Crow

in The Archaeology of Byzantine Anatolia: From the End of Late Antiquity until the Coming of the Turks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190610463
eISBN:
9780190610487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190610463.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, European History: BCE to 500CE

Fortifications are an enduring aspect of the archaeology of Anatolia and this chapter considers the late antique background and then goes on to review a number of different responses across the ... More


Producing Place: Colonialism and Governance in the Early Modern Caribbean

Guadalupe García

in Beyond the Walled City: Colonial Exclusion in Havana

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520286030
eISBN:
9780520961371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286030.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Chapter 1 provides a scene-setting discussion of the categories of inclusion and exclusion used throughout the book. It traces the ways in which the crown’s early governing practices were defined and ... More


The Expedition That Lasted Too Long

Minna Törmä

in Enchanted by Lohans: Osvald Sirén's Journey into Chinese Art

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9789888139842
eISBN:
9789888268405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139842.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

In the autumn of 1921 Sirén was finally able to go to China for an extended stay. In the beginning he planned to do archaeological excavation and Orvar Karlbeck was doing his best to assist him. In ... More


Northern Suburbs

M. A. Aldrich

in The Search for a Vanishing Beijing: A Guide to China's Capital Through the Ages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622097773
eISBN:
9789882207585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622097773.003.0043
Subject:
History, Asian History

The face of New Peking will be found in the suburbs to the north of the Old Tartar City. The authorities have selected these plains for the construction of modern apartment blocks for the friends ... More


Nicaea

Urs Peschlow

in The Archaeology of Byzantine Anatolia: From the End of Late Antiquity until the Coming of the Turks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190610463
eISBN:
9780190610487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190610463.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, European History: BCE to 500CE

In spite of much damage and loss, Nicaea is noteworthy because of its well-preserved city walls and for the great number of surviving Byzantine churches, including mosaics and frescoes. Sculpted ... More


The Fruits of the 1921–23 Expedition

Minna Törmä

in Enchanted by Lohans: Osvald Sirén's Journey into Chinese Art

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9789888139842
eISBN:
9789888268405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139842.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

When Sirén returned from his long Chinese sojourn to Europe in the spring of 1923, he made Paris his base. His acquisitions of Chinese objects were exhibited at the Musée Cernuschi. The collection ... More


Patara

Urs Peschlow

in The Archaeology of Byzantine Anatolia: From the End of Late Antiquity until the Coming of the Turks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190610463
eISBN:
9780190610487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190610463.003.0025
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, European History: BCE to 500CE

Patara is rich in Byzantine monuments, but few dates have been established with certainty. For the time being, much of the available chronology remains relative, and some monuments can only be ... More


Side

Katja Piesker

in The Archaeology of Byzantine Anatolia: From the End of Late Antiquity until the Coming of the Turks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190610463
eISBN:
9780190610487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190610463.003.0027
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, European History: BCE to 500CE

Side remained a rich and well-populated city during the early Byzantine period. The city’s main temple was replaced with a church, and other urban monuments continued in use. Later decline is ... More


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