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Questions and conclusions

John Parkinson

in Deliberating in the Real World: Problems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199291113
eISBN:
9780191604133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929111X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter presents a brief conclusion which summarizes the main argument: that fully legitimate, deliberative, and democratic decision making can only be of the macro kind, not the micro. It poses ... More


Representation and Representativeness

John Parkinson

in Deliberating in the Real World: Problems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199291113
eISBN:
9780191604133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929111X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the ideas of representation, the first broad solution to the legitimacy problems in deliberative democracy. It considers the nature, strengths, and weaknesses of three different ... More


Deliberating in the Real World: Problems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy

John Parkinson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199291113
eISBN:
9780191604133
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929111X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book attempts to solve two problems in deliberative democratic theory and practice: How can agreements reached inside deliberative forums be legitimate for those who did not take part? And why ... More


Deliberative democracy and legitimacy

John Parkinson

in Deliberating in the Real World: Problems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199291113
eISBN:
9780191604133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929111X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter outlines the theory of deliberative democracy and deliberative institutions, highlighting the legitimacy problems — to do with the scale of the deliberations and the motivation to ... More


The institutions of a legitimate deliberative democracy

John Parkinson

in Deliberating in the Real World: Problems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199291113
eISBN:
9780191604133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929111X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter summarizes the criteria for a legitimate deliberative democracy and assesses the different deliberative democratic models against those criteria. It points out that no single process can ... More


When does deliberation begin?

Robert E. Goodin and Simon J. Niemeyer

in Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547944
eISBN:
9780191720116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547944.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Political deliberation involves both internal reflection and public discussion. The former might be far more important than implied by deliberative democrats' heavy emphasis the discursive component. ... More


Reforming the Administrative State

Christopher Ansell and Jane Gingrich

in Democracy Transformed?: Expanding Political Opportunities in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199264995
eISBN:
9780191603259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264996.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter investigates reforms that arguably produce more direct forms of accountability and citizen participation in administrative agencies. A first type of reform is part of a larger trend to ... More


Deliberation as drama: publicity and accountability

John Parkinson

in Deliberating in the Real World: Problems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199291113
eISBN:
9780191604133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929111X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the second broad solution to the legitimacy problems: sharing arguments through the media. It sets out the structural features of the news media and shows how they filter out ... More


Making use of mini‐publics

Robert E. Goodin and John S. Dryzek

in Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547944
eISBN:
9780191720116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547944.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Democratic theorists often place deliberative innovations such as Citizen's Juries, Consensus Conferences, Planning Cells, and Deliberative Polls at the centre of their hopes for deliberative ... More


Citizens and Experts in Deliberative Democracy: From Theory to Experimentation

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines deliberative democratic theory and various deliberative experiments that can inform it. It illustrates how these efforts pose questions of expertise and complexity that have yet ... More


Introduction

Robert E. Goodin

in Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547944
eISBN:
9780191720116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547944.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

In recent years, democratic theory has taken a ‘deliberative’ turn. Deliberative democrats tell us, most fundamentally, that we should shun merely adding up votes in favour of talking together. What ... More


Deliberation: towards an understanding of practice

Celia Davies, Margaret Wetherell, and Elizabeth Barnett

in Citizens at the centre: Deliberative participation in healthcare decisions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348029
eISBN:
9781447301851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348029.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the debates about democratic deliberation in Great Britain and explores some of the practical questions that arise when efforts are made to put deliberation into practice. It ... More


Lesson #2: Diagnosing Deliberation

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the last of the options considered in chapter 4 for preventing interest groups' questionable influences on scientific research. It argues that there are normative, substantive, ... More


Deterrence Instructions: What Jurors Won't Do

W. Kip Viscusi

in Punitive Damages: How Juries Decide

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226780146
eISBN:
9780226780160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226780160.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

The punitive damages approach advocated by Polinsky and Shavell focuses principally on the observation that dates back to Jeremy Bentham that punishment levels should be related to the reciprocal of ... More


Shared Outrage, Erratic Awards

Daniel Kahneman, David A. Schkade, and Cass R. Sunstein

in Punitive Damages: How Juries Decide

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226780146
eISBN:
9780226780160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226780160.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter aims to uncover some of the sources of unpredictability in punitive damages awards by juries. The principal conclusion is that people have great difficulty in using the scale of dollars. ... More


Lessons From Democratic Innovations

Graham Smith

in Whose Government is it?: The Renewal of State-Citizen Cooperation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781529200980
eISBN:
9781529200973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529200980.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Democratic innovations, variously described as ‘empowered participation’ or ‘civic innovation’, are designed to increase and deepen citizen participation in the decisions that affect them directly. ... More


Environmental Democracy and Ecological Citizenship: From Theoretical Ideals to Practical Alternatives?

Frank Fischer

in Climate Crisis and the Democratic Prospect: Participatory Governance in Sustainable Communities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780199594917
eISBN:
9780191842108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199594917.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter turns to the question of environment and democracy. It takes up two themes in environmental political thought: ecological citizenship and environmental democracy. Not only are these ... More


Cultural services and non-use values

Kai M. A. Chan, Joshua Goldstein, Terre Satterfield, Neil Hannahs, Kekuewa Kikiloi, Robin Naidoo, Nathan Vadeboncoeur, and Ulalia Woodside

in Natural Capital: Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199588992
eISBN:
9780191774638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588992.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Cultural ecosystem services and non-use values (e.g., existence value, bequest value, option value) present some of the most compelling reasons for conserving ecosystems. They are also some of the ... More


Toward a Political Philosophy of Science

John Dupré

in The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

John Dupré argues that Kitcher’s goal of a well-ordered science is laudable, but he is skeptical that Kitcher’s proposed solutions to ill-ordered science are either workable or helpful. He questions ... More


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