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Educating Citizen-Soldiers in World War II

Christopher P. Loss

in Between Citizens and the State: The Politics of American Higher Education in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148274
eISBN:
9781400840052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148274.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter moves the story from the New Deal to the U.S. Army. As the state's main wartime hub for psychological research, the Army Research Branch, headed by University of Chicago sociologist ... More


Demobilization, Disability, and the Competing Imagery of the Wounded Warrior and the Citizen-Soldier

John A Casey

in New Men: Reconstructing the Image of the Veteran in Late-Nineteenth-Century American Literature and Culture

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823265398
eISBN:
9780823266708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265398.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

In this chapter army demobilization and the civilian response to returning soldiers are examined. Veterans wanted to believe they would easily reintegrate into peacetime life. Civilians were anxious ... More


“Citizen-Soldiers of Massachusetts”: New Bedford's Volunteers in the Civil War

Earl F. Mulderink III

in New Bedford's Civil War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823243341
eISBN:
9780823243389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243341.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter focuses on volunteers who fought for New Bedford in the Civil War while representing their home, state, and country. These men were known as “citizen-soldiers,” the predominantly white ... More


In the Shadow of Vietnam: Liberal Nationalism and the Problem of War

Gary Gerstle

in Americanism: New Perspectives on the History of an Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807830109
eISBN:
9781469602332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869710_kazin.9
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter explores how liberal filmmakers, historians, and politicians sought to reclaim the ideal of the citizen soldier and celebrate his exploits in the years after the Vietnam War, one ... More


Men of Bronze: Hoplite Warfare in Ancient Greece

Donald Kagan and Gregory F. Viggiano (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143019
eISBN:
9781400846306
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143019.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This book takes up one of the most important and fiercely debated subjects in ancient history and classics: how did archaic Greek hoplites fight, and what role, if any, did hoplite warfare play in ... More


Lamb-Like Warriors: The Quakers’ Church Militant

Sarah Crabtree

in Holy Nation: The Transatlantic Quaker Ministry in an Age of Revolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226255767
eISBN:
9780226255934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226255934.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter two examines the tension between the Friends' ideal of peace and the militant metaphors employed by Quaker ministers. Male and female Society members declared themselves holy warriors, called ... More


Citizen Soldiers: Emancipation and Military Service in the Revolutionary French Caribbean

Laurent Dubois

in Arming Slaves: From Classical Times to the Modern Age

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300109009
eISBN:
9780300134858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300109009.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

During the 1790s, a global conflict erupted between France and Britain. Taking advantage of the conflicts within the French colonies, the British achieved one victory after another. They invaded ... More


Epilogue

Steven J. Ramold

in Across the Divide: Union Soldiers View the Northern Home Front

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814729199
eISBN:
9780814760178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814729199.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This book concludes by focusing on the end of antagonism between Union soldiers and Northern civilians that arose during the Civil War. The differences in opinion between the soldiers of the Union ... More


A French Way of Warfare

Michael A. Bonura

in Under the Shadow of Napoleon: French Influence on the American Way of Warfare from Independence to the Eve of World War II

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814709429
eISBN:
9780814723173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814709429.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter provides an overview of the fundamental elements of the French combat method. Since the French Revolution had unleashed new ideas that fundamentally altered French culture, and at the ... More


The Combat Soldier: Infantry Tactics and Cohesion in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries

Anthony King

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199658848
eISBN:
9780191752483
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658848.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

How are soldiers able to fight together in combat and why are they willing to do so? The phenomenon of small-group cohesion on the battlefield has long fascinated social scientists, philosophers, and ... More


Excavating Modernity: The Roman Past in Fascist Italy

Joshua Arthurs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449987
eISBN:
9780801468841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449987.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The cultural and material legacies of the Roman Republic and Empire in evidence throughout Rome have made it the “Eternal City.” Too often, however, this patrimony has caused Rome to be seen as ... More


A Challenge to Our Manhood: Robert F. Williams, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Decline of the Mainstream Black Press

D'Weston Haywood

in Let Us Make Men: The Twentieth-Century Black Press and a Manly Vision for Racial Advancement

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643397
eISBN:
9781469643410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643397.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter reinterprets Robert F. Williams as a new kind of black male publisher, who challenged the civil rights establishment and the mainstream black press. Northern black papers had often ... More


An Army of Civilians

Ozan O. Varol

in The Democratic Coup d'État

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190626013
eISBN:
9780190626051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter addresses two questions: Why are the armed forces of some states more inclined than others to shoot when the masses converge upon a public square? Why are some soldiers more likely to ... More


Military Service and Racial Subjectivity in the War Narratives of James Roberts and Isaac Hubbell

James M. Greene

in Warring for America: Cultural Contests in the Era of 1812

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469631516
eISBN:
9781469631776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631516.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This essay explores how racist thought became tied to the history of early US political violence through the analysis of two narratives of the War of 1812, one written by a supporter of slavery and ... More


The Lost Pays of the Patrie

Thomas Dodman

in What Nostalgia Was: War, Empire, and the Time of a Deadly Emotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226492803
eISBN:
9780226493138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226493138.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Throughout the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars (1792-1815), nostalgia was considered one of the most widespread and dangerous diseases in the French army. Frightful epidemics swept across the ... More


Introduction

Colleen Glenney Boggs

in Patriotism by Proxy: The Civil War Draft and the Cultural Formation of Citizen-Soldiers, 1863-1865

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198863670
eISBN:
9780191896071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863670.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This introduction provides a critical framework for re-evaluating a tacit assumption in the field of American literary scholarship, namely that its objects of study are civilian. While scholars have ... More


Children in the Ottoman Literature of Defeat: From War Victims to the Citizen–Soldiers of the Future

Eyal Ginio

in The Ottoman Culture of Defeat: The Balkan Wars and their Aftermath

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190264031
eISBN:
9780190638498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264031.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The nation had to be reconstructed from scratch, and educating the children was the main way to shape the new generation to cope better with the challenges of the future. Chapter 4 studies the ... More


Patriotism by Proxy: The Civil War Draft and the Cultural Formation of Citizen-Soldiers, 1863-1865

Colleen Glenney Boggs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198863670
eISBN:
9780191896071
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863670.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Patriotism by Proxy develops a new understanding of the connections between American literature and American lives by focusing on a historic moment when the military transformed both. At the height ... More


Armed Forces

David A. Bell

in Re-Imagining Democracy in the Mediterranean, 1780-1860

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198798163
eISBN:
9780191839382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798163.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

Any general account of democracy in the period 1789–1860 must consider ideologies and practices relating to armed force. Early decades were overshadowed by massive and prolonged warfare, raising ... More


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