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Mercenaries: The History of a Norm in International Relations

Sarah Percy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214334
eISBN:
9780191706608
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The main aim of this book is to argue that the use of private force by states has been restricted by a norm against mercenary use. It traces the evolution of this norm, from mercenaries in medieval ... More


How Citizens Became the Standard: A Normative Explanation of the Shift Away from Mercenary Use

Sarah Percy

in Mercenaries: The History of a Norm in International Relations

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214334
eISBN:
9780191706608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the decision in the late 18th and early 19th centuries to adopt a citizen army and stop the long-standing practice of hiring mercenaries from abroad, using four case studies. It ... More


Competing Explanations for the Nineteenth-Century Shift Away from Mercenary Use

Sarah Percy

in Mercenaries: The History of a Norm in International Relations

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214334
eISBN:
9780191706608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the three arguments that seek to explain why states stopped using mercenaries in the 19th century. The first argument is largely realist, making the case that material changes ... More


The Army, Loyalty, and Dissent

Adam I. P. Smith

in No Party Now: Politics in the Civil War North

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195188653
eISBN:
9780199868346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188653.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

In wartime, administration supporters' assumption that partisan opposition was disloyal and therefore illegitimate made it acceptable to use the instruments of the state—especially the moral and ... More


Lockout—Shaw, Connolly, Synge, and the Red Guard—ICA

Nelson O'Ceallaigh Ritschel

in Shaw, Synge, Connolly, and Socialist Provocation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813036519
eISBN:
9780813038827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036519.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Shaw, the now deceased Synge, and Connolly were united by their common opponents as events brought Shaw and Connolly together in a London rally for Dublin labor and the release of the imprisoned ... More


Missing in Action

Jenny Edkins

in Missing: Persons and Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450297
eISBN:
9780801462795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450297.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the efforts devoted to the identification of those missing in action after the Vietnam War. It considers the tensions produced by the identification of remains as well as the ... More


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