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Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Andrew Mason

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

‘Equality of opportunity for all’ is a fine piece of political rhetoric but the ideal that lies behind it is slippery. Some see it as an alternative to a more robust form of egalitarianism, whilst ... More


Counteracting Circumstances

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter focuses on the neutralization approach and raises a difficulty inherent in it. In particular, it argued that the aim of neutralizing the effects of differences in people's circumstances ... More


Mitigating Principles

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In order to defend a version of the mitigation approach as opposed to the neutralization approach, a plausible set of principles that might constitute that approach must be identified. The strategy ... More


The Decline and Fall of Public Service Broadcasting

Michael Tracey

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159254
eISBN:
9780191673573
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159254.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Public broadcasting was the single most important social, cultural, and journalistic institution of the twentieth century. In the 15 years preceding the publication of this book, it had been ... More


Pleasure and Change: The Aesthetics of Canon

Frank Kermode

Robert Alter (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195309355
eISBN:
9780199850860
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309355.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The question of the canon has been the subject of debate in academic circles for over fifteen years. This book contains two lectures on this important subject by the distinguished literary critic Sir ... More


The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Joseph Pilsner

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Thomas Aquinas believed that human actions have kinds or species. He divided human actions into good, evil, or indifferent, and subdivided them into more particular kinds such as almsgiving, murder, ... More


Conclusion

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter shows that end, object, matter, circumstance, and motive can all be understood to contribute to the specification of human actions for Aquinas in a fundamentally consistent way. Although ... More


Introduction

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

A crucial task for any moral theory is to determine what makes a human action to be of a certain kind. For instance, what makes almsgiving to be in its own species rather than in the species of theft ... More


Circumstance

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

A circumstance is an attendant property of an action. In murder, for instance, one might take note of the time, the type of weapon, or the perpetrator’s height. Although Aquinas in some contexts ... More


Motive

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Aquinas says that motives are responsible for the specification of human action. ‘Motive’ can generally refer to any principle of movement, but two meanings are especially significant in the context ... More


 Immigrant Worship Communities in the Public Square

Michael W. Foley and Dean R. Hoge

in Religion and the New Immigrants: Social Capital, Identity, and Civic Engagement

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195188707
eISBN:
9780199785315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188707.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Worship communities play important roles in civil society, in a few cases promoting political engagement around homeland causes and immigrant issues. Many communities provide informal or formal ... More


Armenia: Portraits of Survival and Hope

Donald Miller

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234925
eISBN:
9780520929142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234925.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

A remarkable view of how geopolitics affects ordinary people, this book documents the lives of Armenians in the last two decades. Based on intimate interviews with 300 Armenians, it brings together ... More


Virtue En Masse

Jeremy Waldron

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is a pity that Sandel neglects the sociological side of John Stuart Mill’s argument in On Liberty–not just because he fails therefore to do justice to the liberal case for neutrality, but also ... More


Disabilities

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Critically evaluates Dworkin's use of a hypothetical insurance market scheme to illuminate the degree to which justice requires the provision of compensation to persons with significant physical or ... More


Introduction

Zbyněk Zeman and Antonín Klimek

in The Life of Edvard Beneš 1884–1948: Czechoslovakia in Peace and War

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205838
eISBN:
9780191676802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205838.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter introduces Edvard Beneš as a foreign minister during the rise of the Czechoslovak Republic, and as the second president during the fall at Munich. Beneš's person attracted journalists ... More


The Circumstances of Habilitation for Basic Justice

Lawrence C. Becker

in Habilitation, Health, and Agency: A Framework for Basic Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917549
eISBN:
9780199950454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917549.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Since habilitation is being proposed here as a framework for theories of basic justice, the proposal should pay some explicit attention to the circumstances under which habilitation is both possible ... More


The British in Rural France: Lifestyle Migration and the Ongoing Quest for a Better Way of Life

Michaela Caroline Benson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719082498
eISBN:
9781781701843
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719082498.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

This is a study of how lifestyle choices intersect with migration, and how this relationship frames and shapes post-migration lives. It presents a conceptual framework for understanding ... More


New Regimes

Johannes Lindvall

in Mass Unemployment and the State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590643
eISBN:
9780191723407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590643.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter describes the consolidation of new macroeconomic regimes in Denmark and the Netherlands in the early 1980s and the end of employment-oriented macroeconomic policies in Austria and Sweden ... More


Banishment Reconsidered

Katherine Beckett and Steve Herbert

in Banished: The New Social Control In Urban America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195395174
eISBN:
9780199943319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395174.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter addresses the question of whether a society should banish or not. It explores the possible alternatives to banishment and stresses the need to decrease the economic and social inequality ... More


Improved Street Lighting

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reviews the scientific evidence on the effectiveness of improved street lighting to prevent crime in public places. The findings reveal that although improved lighting can be effective ... More


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