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Recollections of early vacuum tube circuits

Maurice Wilkes

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0019
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a description of the birth of electronics. It then discusses the three main approaches to the design of trees and gating circuits, and the great designer Alan Blumlein, who ... More


NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon Friesen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The electrical membrane potential is an important property for the functioning of living cells. Temporal variations of this potential generated by synaptic interactions and expressed as nerve ... More


Equations Underlying the Circuit Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Circuit model simulates synaptic interactions among large numbers of neurons and includes many currents and derived values. This chapter gives the equations for the membrane potentials in ... More


Semiconductor Detector Systems

Helmuth Spieler

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Semiconductor sensors patterned at the micron scale combined with custom-designed integrated circuits have revolutionized semiconductor radiation detector systems. Designs covering many square meters ... More


Transportation, Communication, Information:: Mass and Speed

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Private transportation was transformed by mass ownership of automobiles while long-distance public transport benefited from new high-speed trains and from affordable flying. Freight transportation ... More


The Neuromolecular Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the neuromolecular and plastic brain. Ideas about plasticity and the openness of brains to environment influences, from initial evidence about nerve development, through the ... More


Design Tradeoffs

Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter describes some of the design tradeoffs arising from the interaction between synthetic circuits and the host organism. It first considers the effects of competition for shared cellular ... More


Circuit design of the Pilot ACE and the Big ACE

David O. Clayden

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0020
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter describes circuit design of the Pilot ACE and Big ACE. Topics covered include the advantages of the long tailed pair in digital circuits, the half-adder and adder circuits, signal ... More


Biological Circuit Components

Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter describes some simple circuit components that have been constructed in E. coli cells using the technology of synthetic biology and then considers a more complicated circuit that already ... More


Interconnecting Components

Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter illustrates problems that need to be overcome when interconnecting components into more complex systems and proposes a number of engineering solutions based on the feedback principles ... More


Electronic correction for air pressure variations

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0036
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

At atmospheric pressure, a pendulum is slightly buoyant to a ‘sea’ of air. This buoyancy causes the pendulum's timing to be a little sensitive to the air's density, and consequently to its pressure. ... More


 The Hippocampus and Context Revisited

Lynn Nadel

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Despite the early consensus that the functions of the hippocampus were somehow related to context, there was little systematic empirical work exploring this idea until the 1990s. More recently, ... More


Circuits within Capitalism

Viviana A. Zelizer

in Economic Lives: How Culture Shapes the Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139364
eISBN:
9781400836253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139364.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter challenges the widespread assumption that markets ipso facto undercut solidarity-sustaining personal relations. It offers an alternative to the conventional account of interplay between ... More


Introduction to Synaptic Circuits

GORDON M. SHEPHERD

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter introduces some of the basic principles that are common to the different regions of the brain. It shows that it is possible to identify fundamental types of synaptic circuits at ... More


Cerebellum

RODOLFO R. LLINÁS, KERRY D. WALTON, and ERIC J. LANG

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

The cerebellum is a very distinct region of the brain, occupying a position immediately behind the tectal plate and straddles the midline as a bridge over the fourth ventricle. The basic functional ... More


Conclusion: Future Directions for the New Science

Peter Politser

in Neuroeconomics: A guide to the new science of making choices

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195305821
eISBN:
9780199867783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305821.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a review of the topics discussed in the preceding chapters. It then discusses the need to “remodel” ideas about the sources of choice and the lack of a systematic framework ... More


Ewod Droplet Microfluidic Devices Using Printed Circuit Board Fabrication

Chang‐Jin ‘CJ’ Kim and Jian Gong

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

The handling of fluids as discrete packets is a promising notion in microscale, led by droplet-based (aka digital) microfluidics operated by the electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) actuation. While ... More


NON-SEPARATING CIRCUITS AND COCIRCUITS IN MATROIDS

Bráulio Maia Junior, Manoel Lemos, and Tereza R. B. Melo

in Combinatorics, Complexity, and Chance: A Tribute to Dominic Welsh

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198571278
eISBN:
9780191718885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571278.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter surveys results about non-separating circuits and cocircuits in graphs and matroids. Some conjectures and open problems are presented.


Neural Circuits: Cortical Columns and Cortical Processing

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details notable discoveries about neural circuits in the 1950s. The decade was a golden age of discovery in the cerebral cortex, witnessing the first steps by the pioneers pushing their ... More


Convergence of Limbic, Cognitive, and Motor Cortico-Striatal Circuits with Dopamine Pathways in Primate Brain

Suzanne N. Haber

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter first briefly reviews the basic circuitry that underlies parallel processing. It then considers the anatomical basis for integration across different corticobasal ganglia circuits (with ... More


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