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Principles of sleep-wake regulation

S.W. Lockley

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Given the expanding number of associations emerging between sleep behaviour and health, measurement of sleep will become increasingly important, if not obligatory, in population-based public health ... More


ANNUAL CYCLE

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Three different annual cycles in House Sparrows are described: temperate resident, subtropical resident, and temerpate migratory annual cycles. Photoperiodic control of the annual cycle is described, ... More


Orcadian Rhythms

Michael C. Antle and Ralph E. Mistlberger

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses circadian rhythms in rats. Topics covered include the measurement and analysis of circadian behavioral rhythmicity, circadian regulation of behavior and physiology, ... More


Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Ted Anderson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

After the chicken, the House Sparrow is the most widely distributed bird species in the world, occurring on all continents except Antarctica and on most human-inhabited islands. Although its Latin ... More


Life in the Fourth Dimension: The Role of Clocks in Regulating Behavior

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Like all living things, plants or animals, humans are governed by time, specifically by idiosyncratic biological clocks. They measure both daily and yearly activities in essentially all living ... More


Circadian performance rhythms: some practical and theoretical implications

S. Folkard

in Human Factors in Hazardous Situations: Proceedings of a Royal Society Discussion Meeting held on 28 and 29 June 1989

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521914
eISBN:
9780191688454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521914.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Safety and productivity are low at night and this would appear to be as humans are a diurnal species. This is reflected not only in one's habitual sleep time, but also in endogenous body clocks that, ... More


Sleep and Circadian Control of Neurobehavioral Functions

Melissa M. Mallis, Siobhan Banks, and David F. Dinges

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins with an overview of sleep and circadian rhythms. It then discusses types of sleep deprivation, neurobehavioral and neurocognitive consequences of inadequate sleep, operational ... More


A System of Rhythms: From Simple to Complex Dynamics

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

Neuronal networks in the mammalian cortex generate several distinct oscillatory bands. These neuronal oscillators are linked to the much slower metabolic oscillators. The mean frequencies of the ... More


Blue Moons and Red Tides

Pete A. Ensminger

in Life Under the Sun

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088045
eISBN:
9780300133523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088045.003.0014
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter describes the blue moon phenomenon, the effect of anomalous aerosol light scattering, and the red tide and dead fish event caused by dinoflagellate and Gymnodinium brevis. Various ... More


Stimulation of rat pineal melatonin synthesis by a single electroconvulsive shock: chronobiological effect of antidepressant therapy?

Gregory F. Oxenkrug, Pura J. Requintina, Iain M. McIntyre, and Rosseta Davis

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Electroconvulsive therapy is considered to be the most effective treatment for endogenous depression, but despite vigorous research there is no consensus on the mechanism of the antidepressant ... More


Shift Work and Work Performance

Philip Cheng and Christopher Drake

in Work and Sleep: Research Insights for the Workplace

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190217662
eISBN:
9780190600822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217662.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

As the demand for 24-hour consumer service grows, so is the number of individuals engaging in shift work. However, due to a number of sleep and circadian factors, shift workers often experience ... More


A SAD Tale

Pete A. Ensminger

in Life Under the Sun

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088045
eISBN:
9780300133523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088045.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses seasonal affective disorder (SAD), its symptoms and physiological mechanisms, and its diagnosis using the” Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire,” epidemiology. It also ... More


Summary

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

There are ganglion cells in the retina with an invertebrate photopigment, melanospin, in them. They can respond in the absence of input from rods and cones, although their response is also affected ... More


Orientation and navigation

Hugh Dingle

in Migration: The Biology of Life on the Move

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199640386
eISBN:
9780191780714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640386.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter elucidates the various means that migrants use to find their way. They range from relatively simple orientation to chemical cues to very complex chronobiological interactions between ... More


The role of light in shallow subterranean habitats

David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan

in Shallow Subterranean Habitats: Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199646173
eISBN:
9780191780233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646173.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Absence of light is the defining feature of subterranean environments. Different shallow subterranean habitats have different spatial relationships with light. Epikarst and calcrete aquifers are ... More


The genetics of sleep

Michelle A. Miller

in Sleep, Health, and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198778240
eISBN:
9780191823756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198778240.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

The genetic regulation of normal sleep and sleep disorders is complex and often shows strong environmental interactions. This is a relatively new, and rapidly expanding, area of research, and the ... More


Long-Term Physical Adjustments to Space

Neil F. Comins

in The Traveler's Guide to Space: For One-Way Settlers and Round-Trip Tourists

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177542
eISBN:
9780231542890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177542.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

While Chapter 6 deals with short-term adjustments, there are also long term adjustments to traveling in space, including loss of bone and muscle mass, the need for different medicine regimens, ... More


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