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The brain mechanisms underlying emotion

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Brain organization for emotion — how emotional states are implemented in our brains, and the function of different brain regions in emotion — is one of the topics of this chapter. This chapter ... More


The brain mechanisms underlying emotion

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The functions of the orbitofrontal cortex, cingulate cortex, amygdala, and other brain regions in emotion and its disorders including depression are described.


The neurology of anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews data from a range of disciplines and, in particular, the comparison of lesion effects with those of anti-anxiety drugs. It presents an essentially two-dimensional picture of the ... More


 Ventrolateral and Medial Frontal Contributions to Decision‐Making and Action Selection

Matthew F. S. Rushworth, Paula L. Croxson, Mark J. Buckley, and Mark E. Walton

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Recent research on action selection suggests that a useful distinction may be drawn between two systems centered on the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (PFv) and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). The ... More


The cingulate cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in Brain Computations: What and How

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198871101
eISBN:
9780191914157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198871101.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The cingulate cortex is involved in action-outcome learning. The concept is that posterior cingulate cortex action-related information received from the parietal cortex is brought together in the ... More


Fundamentals of the septo-hippocampal system

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews data that provide critical principals that need to be explained by any theory of the septo-hippocampal system: 1) that it mediates the action of all anti-anxiety drugs; 2) ... More


Anterior Cingulate Cortex Contributions to Cognitive and Emotional Processing: A General Purpose Mechanism for Cognitive Control and Self-Control

Marie K. Krug and Cameron S. Carter

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses the topic of self-control from the perspective of conflict theory, a well-studied framework for understanding the behavioral and neural adaptation effects seen during the ... More


Orbitofrontal cortex output pathways: cingulate cortex, basal ganglia, and dopamine

Edmund T. Rolls

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198845997
eISBN:
9780191881237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845997.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The medial orbitofrontal cortex projects reward-related information to the pregenual cingulate cortex, and the lateral orbitofrontal cortex projects punishment and non-reward information to the ... More


Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Edmund T. Rolls

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relation between emotion, and reward value, and subjective feelings ... More


Motivational Influences on Cognitive Control: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Hannah S. Locke and Todd S. Braver

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Motivation is an important component of self-regulation that helps set the effort level an organism is willing to expend to achieve a desired goal. However, motivation is an elusive concept in ... More


Cingulate and orbitofrontal contributions to valuing knowns and unknowns in a changeable world

Mark E. Walton, Peter H. Rudebeck, Timothy E. J. Behrens, and Matthew F. S. Rushworth

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The world that we and other animals inhabit is frequently stochastic, uncertain, and changeable and it is imperative that our brains are able to evaluate and keep track of varying contingencies. ... More


Neuroanatomical Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control: A Focus on the Medial and Lateral Prefrontal Cortex

Jérôme Sallet, Rogier B. Mars, René Quilodran, Emmanuel Procyk, Michael Petrides, and Matthew F. S. Rushworth

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the cycoarchitectonic properties and connectivity profiles of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in the hope that it can lead to a ... More


Using the Stroop Task to Study Emotion Regulation

Jason Buhle, Tor Wager, and Ed Smith

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

The Stroop task is among the most influential experimental paradigms for the study of cognitive control. Recent variants have sought to extend the Stroop task to the study of emotional regulation. To ... More


Decision Making in Frontal Cortex: From Single Units to fMRI

Steven W. Kennerley and Philippe N. Tobler

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents recent findings from single neuron electrophysiology and functional neuroimaging with respect to the role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), the lateral prefrontal cortex ... More


Neuroscience of Empathic Responding

Jean Decety

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0036
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Empathy, the capacity to comprehend the affective and emotional states of others in relation to oneself, has evolved with the mammalian brain and plays a critical role in social interaction. This ... More


Anatomical Substrates for Cognitive-Emotional Interactions

Luiz Pessoa

in The Cognitive-Emotional Brain: From Interactions to Integration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019569
eISBN:
9780262314756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019569.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter illustrates how the brain’s architecture exhibits extensive avenues for information interaction and integration, and how its underlying structure provides the substrate for the ... More


Cognitive-Emotional Interactions in Prefrontal Cortex

Luiz Pessoa

in The Cognitive-Emotional Brain: From Interactions to Integration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019569
eISBN:
9780262314756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019569.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The chapter reviews key aspects of the current understanding of the neural substrates for cognitive-emotional interactions in prefrontal cortex based on human functional MRI studies. It is shown that ... More


A Role for Posterior Cingulate Cortex in Policy Switching and Cognitive Control

John M. Pearson, Benjamin Y. Hayden, and Michael L. Platt

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes a model that demonstrates the role of the posterior cingulate cortex (CGp) in policy switching and cognitive control. It begins with the basic anatomy and physiology of CGp. It ... More


An Integrative Theory of Anterior Cingulate Cortex Function: Option Selection in Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning

Clay B. Holroyd and Nick Yeung

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses a new integrative theory of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) function that proposes that the dorsal ACC supports the selection and execution of coherent behaviors over extended ... More


Social Pain: Experiential, Neurocognitive, and Genetic Correlates

Naomi I. Eisenberger

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter suggests that the need for social connection is a fundamental need and that like other basic needs, a lack of social connection can feel “painful” an experience that has been termed ... More


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