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The changing cigarette: chemical studies and bioassays

Ilse Hoffmann and Dietrich Hoffmann

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the identification of carcinogens and tumour promoters in tobacco smoke, changes in cigarette smoke composition with various design changes, and observations on cigarette ... More


In their own words: an epoch of deceit and deception

Channing Robertson and Richard Hurt

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates the tobacco industry's efforts over the last fifty years to deceive the public against the adverse health effects of smoking and the fact that nicotine was a drug or that it ... More


Tobacco use and risk of oral cancer

Tongzhang Zheng, Peter Boyle, Bing Zhang, Yawei Zhang, Patricia H. Owens, Qing Lan, and John Wise

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews epidemiological studies on the link between oral cancer and tobacco product use, including cigarette smoking, pipe tobacco and cigar smoking, and smokeless tobacco use (snuff ... More


Tobacco and women

Amanda Amos and Judith Mackay

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a review of global trends in women and smoking. It then discusses the health effects of tobacco use, the economic impact of tobacco use on women, smoking cessation among ... More


The great studies of smoking and disease in the twentieth century

Michael J. Thun and S. J. Henley

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the contributions of several large prospective studies conducted over the second half of the 20th century to our understanding of the health hazards of tobacco use. Beginning in ... More


Passive smoking and health

Jonathan M. Samet

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview and introduction to the now vast data on the adverse health consequences of passive smoking, covering the risks to passive smokers, including the fetus, infants and ... More


Adolescent smoking

John P. Pierce, Janet M. Distefan, and David Hill

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

It is over forty years since the public health community came to the consensus that smoking tobacco, particularly cigarettes, caused lung cancer. Despite widespread dissemination of the likely health ... More


Smoking and lung cancer

Graham G. Giles and Peter Boyle

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The establishment of the causal link between smoking and lung cancer was an epidemiological triumph won against considerable resistance marshalled by the tobacco industry. This chapter reviews how ... More


Smoking, hormone concentrations, and endometrial cancer

Paul D. Terry, Thomas E. Rohan, and Elisabete Weiderpass

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and an endometrial cancer risk, and changes in urinary hormone concentrations that may underlie this smoking-cancer association. The available ... More


Tobacco carcinogenesis: mechanisms and biomarkers

Stephen S. Hecht

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The indisputable relationship between the world's most widespread exogenous chemical carcinogen exposure — tobacco smoke — and cancer, provides a framework for a better understanding of cancer ... More


Cigarette smoking and colorectal cancer

Edward Giovannucci

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and colorectal adenoma and cancer. The overall body of evidence indicates that colorectal cancer is a smoking-related malignancy. Two factors ... More


Market manipulation: how the tobacco industry recruits and retains smokers

Wakefield Melanie

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The tobacco industry has been spectacularly successful in marketing its products over a long period of time. Advertising campaigns for cigarette brands such as Marlboro, Benson & Hedges, Winston, ... More


Tobacco harm reduction

Dorothy Hatsukami and Mark Parascandola

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0040
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the issue of tobacco harm reduction. Tobacco harm reduction can be considered as one approach to reduce tobacco-caused mortality and morbidity, but should not be considered as ... More


Tobacco smoking and tobacco-related harm in the European Union with special attention to the new EU member states

Witold A. Zatónski and Marta Mónczuk

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter assesses the role of tobacco smoking as a cause of premature mortality in Europe, and its contribution to the health gap between the EU10 and EU15 countries, using several complementary ... More


Smoking and cervical neoplasia

Maribel Almonte, Anne Szarewski, and and Jack Cuzick

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and cervical cancer. Epidemiologic evidence strongly links smoking with squamous cell cervical cancer and high-grade cervical intraepithelial ... More


Tobacco and cardiovascular disease

Konrad Jamrozik

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0031
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and cardiovascular disease. The smoking of tobacco is a major independent risk factor for life-threatening diseases in all four principal ... More


Evolution of knowledge of the smoking epidemic

Richard Doll

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the development of tobacco smoking and the factors leading to the shift to the fashion for cigarettes. It then discusses the impact of tobacco on health, the ... More


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

David M. Burns

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0032
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Cigarette smoking is the dominant cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease for both ... More


Smoking and other disorders

Allan Hackshaw

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0033
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an overview of the effects of smoking on other disorders, using published reviews and the results of published meta-analyses where available. Smoking is a risk factor for many ... More


Global tobacco control policy

Nigel Gray

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0038
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Tobacco control policy has evolved over time and will continue to do so. To every action by the tobacco industry there has been a reaction by public health authorities and vice versa. As a result ... More


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