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 We, the Male and Female

Monica Najar

in Evangelizing the South: A Social History of Church and State in Early America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195309003
eISBN:
9780199867561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309003.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that during the 1760s and 1770s, distinctly evangelical visions of manhood and womanhood emerged which became structured into early church membership. In the late colonial era, ... More


 Conversion

Crawford Gribben

in God's Irishmen: Theological Debates in Cromwellian Ireland

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195325317
eISBN:
9780199785605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325317.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter documents Irish Cromwellian debates about conversion–one of the most elemental components of protestant theology. Surprisingly, Irish Cromwellians could not agree whether conversion ... More


The Rites of Christian Initiation

Karen B. Westerfield Tucker

in American Methodist Worship

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126983
eISBN:
9780199834754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512698X.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Tensions occur when a church practices infant baptism but also expects personal faith or even an experience of conversion from its members. Methodists in America struggled theologically with the ... More


Baptism

Andrew R. Holmes

in The Shaping of Ulster Presbyterian Belief and Practice, 1770-1840

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288656
eISBN:
9780191710759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288656.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter explores the official and popular understandings of baptism and its importance to the life of communities, whether in terms of the church or local society.


Arminianism during the Personal Rule and after

Nicholas Tyacke

in Anti-Calvinists: The Rise of English Arminianism c.1590-1640

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201847
eISBN:
9780191675041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201847.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

The rise of anti-Calvinist sentiment became considerable in terms of both power and number. During the reign of Charles, the King decided to go against those who claimed to be on God's side, by ... More


Identifying the Saints

Baird Tipson

in Hartford Puritanism: Thomas Hooker, Samuel Stone, and Their Terrifying God

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780190212520
eISBN:
9780190212544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212520.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, History of Christianity

In Hartford, the godly community could restrict church membership to itself. The ecclesiola could become the ecclesia. How was this achieved in practice? Hooker adapted his English and Dutch ... More


Belonging—Denominations and Faiths

Clive D. Field

in Secularization in the Long 1960s: Numerating Religion in Britain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198799474
eISBN:
9780191839740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198799474.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The size of individual denominations and faiths is documented, from their own returns of ‘membership’ or constituency, occasionally supplemented by external estimates. There were per capita falls in ... More


1880–1901—The fin de siècle: Allegiance

Clive D. Field

in Periodizing Secularization: Religious Allegiance and Attendance in Britain, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198848806
eISBN:
9780191883163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848806.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Since at least the 1970s, historians have traced the origins of the decline of organized religion in Britain to the 1880s and 1890s, some even suggesting there was a ‘religious crisis’. Hitherto, ... More


1918–39—The Depression Years

Clive D. Field

in Periodizing Secularization: Religious Allegiance and Attendance in Britain, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198848806
eISBN:
9780191883163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848806.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The inter-war years are a comparatively neglected period of British religious history. Yet, on the measure of ‘active church adherence’ used in this book, they emerge as far more significant in ... More


1901–14—‘The Faith Society’?

Clive D. Field

in Periodizing Secularization: Religious Allegiance and Attendance in Britain, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198848806
eISBN:
9780191883163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848806.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Most contemporaries and several historians have assessed the religious state of Edwardian Britain pessimistically, but Callum Brown has recently contended it was ‘the faith society’. The picture is ... More


1939–45—Puzzled People?

Clive D. Field

in Periodizing Secularization: Religious Allegiance and Attendance in Britain, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198848806
eISBN:
9780191883163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848806.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Analysis of the Second World War’s impact on religious allegiance is affected by data gaps and doubts about the accuracy of opinion polling and the rigour of membership roll revision. But the Church ... More


The making of a colonial laity

Joseph Hardwick

in An Anglican British world: The Church of England and the expansion of the settler empire, c. 1790-1860

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719087226
eISBN:
9781781707845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087226.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter charts the emergence of a colonial laity and compares this with the contemporaneous development of the colonial political public. The colonial Church was transformed by the growing ... More


Partnering with Caesar

in God and Government in the Ghetto: The Politics of Church-State Collaboration in Black America

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226642062
eISBN:
9780226642086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226642086.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines how activist African American churches in New York City began to employ church- associated community development corporations in the 1980s as their primary vehicles for ... More


Becoming a Convert

Melvyn Hammarberg

in The Mormon Quest for Glory: The Religious World of the Latter-Day Saints

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199737628
eISBN:
9780199332472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737628.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The missionary system aims to assure that potential new members will receive a similar set of doctrinal lessons prior to baptism and confirmation. Baptism and confirmation ordinances are the ... More


Belonging—Aggregate Measures

Clive D. Field

in Secularization in the Long 1960s: Numerating Religion in Britain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198799474
eISBN:
9780191839740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198799474.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Various aggregate measures of religious belonging are presented, relative to population. The data derive from opinion polls, church sources, and estimates by Peter Brierley. They reveal the extent of ... More


Unrest in Zion: Southern Churches in Depression and War

Elizabeth Fones-Wolf and Ken Fones-Wolf

in Struggle for the Soul of the Postwar South: White Evangelical Protestants and Operation Dixie

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039034
eISBN:
9780252097003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039034.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how southern religious institutions responded to economic collapse, social unrest, and a horrific world war. During the 1930s, church membership declined throughout the South as ... More


‘Diversity of opinion … no bar to Christian communion’: The Relaxation of Discipline

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0017
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses how in the second half of the nineteenth century, Nonconformist denominations began to make it easier to join their churches. They also dispensed with the strict rules of ... More


Church Membership and Chapel Attendance: The Consequences of the Crisis

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter analyses the adverse impact of the crisis of Dissent on church membership and on chapel attendance in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. It presents statistics collected by the ... More


‘The future rests with the Free Churches’: Free Church Union and the Welsh Revival

Michael R. Watts

in The Dissenters Volume III: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198229698
eISBN:
9780191744754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0023
Subject:
History, History of Religion, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses how faltering church growth led to church union and the successful revival movement in Wales in the early twentieth century. Between 1900 and 1906, the combined membership of ... More


Introduction—Historiography and Sources

Clive D. Field

in Periodizing Secularization: Religious Allegiance and Attendance in Britain, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198848806
eISBN:
9780191883163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848806.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides essential context by outlining the recent historiography of secularization in Britain and the sources of religious statistics, on which subsequent chapters are largely based. ... More


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