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Lipid alcohols

DOUGLAS L. DORSET

in Crystallography of the Polymethylene Chain: An Inquiry into the Structure of Waxes

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529088
eISBN:
9780191712838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529088.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter reviews the crystal structures of lipid alcohols. As with the paraffins, the influence of polymethylene chain length and parity of crystal structure is presented. Binary phase behaviour ... More


Ivory Tower of Power

Michael Kinch

in Prescription for Change: The Looming Crisis in Drug Development

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630625
eISBN:
9781469630649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630625.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter relates a brief history of the modern research university. Although centers of academic learning have long existed, the role of these institutions in discovering new ideas was the ... More


Dietary Policy, Controversy, and Proof: Doing Something versus Waiting for the Definitive Evidence

Karin Garrety

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.19
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The view that a healthy diet was low in fats and high in carbohydrates became mainstream and widely accepted during the second half of the 20th century. But discussions about diet, disease, and ... More


Coronary heart disease risk factors in children

Roberto J. Rona and Susan Chinn

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629197
eISBN:
9780191723612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter assessed blood pressure, serum cholesterol, and physical fitness in classes in which the majority of the children were nine years old. Approximately 9% of the children had a cholesterol ... More


Lipids and cholesterol

M. R. Law and A. Rodgers

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the role of lipids and cholesterol in coronary heart disease (CHD). The high levels of serum cholesterol found in Western populations are a major cause of the high mortality ... More


Risk factors in the elderly

J. G. van der Bom and D. E. Grobbee

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses atherosclerosis and other risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in the elderly. It considers findings from studies on serum cholesterol, blood pressure, smoking, and type 2 ... More


Screening for future coronary heart disease

N. J. Wald and M. R. Law

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0042
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Measuring risk factors such as blood pressure and serum cholesterol as a means of screening to identify people who will develop coronary heart disease has entered medical practice largely because of ... More


Established major coronary risk factors: historical overview

J. Stamler

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a historical overview of research on the six established major risk factors for coronary heart disease: adverse diet, diet-related above-optimal levels of serum total ... More


Diet and Coronary Heart Disease

Walter Willett and Meir Stampfer

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199754038
eISBN:
9780199979448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754038.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

According to the classic “diet-heart” hypothesis, high intake of saturated fats and cholesterol and low intake of polyunsaturated fats increase the level of serum cholesterol, which leads to the ... More


Build ’Em Up and Break ’Em Down

Alan Kelly

in Molecules, Microbes, and Meals: The Surprising Science of Food

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190687694
eISBN:
9780197559819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190687694.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Proteins are not just interesting and significant in food in their intact or even aggregated or complexed states, but often lend their greatest value to food by their disappearance. For example, in ... More


Statins: protection against heart attacks and strokes—hallelujah!

Eugene H. Cordes

in Hallelujah Moments: Tales of Drug Discovery

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780190080457
eISBN:
9780190080488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080457.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

The class of drugs known as statins is very effective in lowering plasma cholesterol levels; these drugs have been established to reduce the frequency of heart attacks and strokes in multiple ... More


Maintain and Increase Blood Supply to the Brain

Charles Alessi, Larry W. Chambers, and Muir Gray

in Increase your Brainability—and Reduce your Risk of Dementia

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198860341
eISBN:
9780191892516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198860341.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

There are two imbalances in diet that increase the risk of dementia: the intake expenditure imbalance and the dietary mix imbalance. It is important to change your food choices Recent research has ... More


Youths at Nutrition Risk: Malnourished or Misnourished?

Jay Bhattacharya and Janet Currie

in Risky Behavior among Youths: An Economic Analysis

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226310138
eISBN:
9780226309972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309972.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

Standard human capital theory suggests that youths (or their parents) choose diets in order to maximize utility, subject to two sets of constraints. The first constraint is the information that they ... More


Collaborative Investigators

Albert Rothenberg

in Flight from Wonder: An Investigation of Scientific Creativity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199988792
eISBN:
9780190214159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988792.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Scientific discoveries are all, to some degree, collaborations with colleagues who have various affiliations. The subjects in the research group whose primary work was consistently or significantly ... More


Medicine

Shannon Brownlee

in A Field Guide for Science Writers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195174991
eISBN:
9780197562239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195174991.003.0030
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

Medical writers have gone through a period of soul searching, a reappraisal of our role as journalists and members of the fourth estate. Are we supposed to simply cover the medical news: the new ... More


Background

J. Eric Ahlskog

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199977567
eISBN:
9780197563342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199977567.003.0005
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Neurology

This book has a combined focus on two neurodegenerative conditions: dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson’s disease with dementia. While patients with either disorder experience quite variable ... More


Avoidance of Complexity

Sara E. Gorman and Jack M. Gorman

in Denying to the Grave: Why We Ignore the Facts That Will Save Us

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199396603
eISBN:
9780197563007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199396603.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

Every day scores of scientific articles are published that report on the results of studies examining the causes and treatments of diseases. Each of these articles usually has five sections: 1. ... More


Correlation Field Splitting of Chain Vibrations: Structure and Dynamics in Lipid Bilayers and Biomembranes

Patrick T. T. Wong

in High Pressure Effects in Molecular Biophysics and Enzymology

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097221
eISBN:
9780197560839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097221.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Pressure-tuning vibrational spectroscopy was first introduced to the study of structural and dynamic properties in biological systems from our laboratory about one decade ago. One of our efforts ... More


Interlaboratory Studies

D. Brynn Hibbert

in Quality Assurance in the Analytical Chemistry Laboratory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195162127
eISBN:
9780197562093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195162127.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry

No matter how carefully a laboratory scrutinizes its performance with internal quality control procedures, testing against other laboratories increases confidence in a laboratory’s results and ... More


Roots, Shoots, Leaves, and Grapes

David R. Dalton

in The Chemistry of Wine: From Blossom to Beverage and Beyond

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190687199
eISBN:
9780197559802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190687199.003.0015
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

As noted earlier and as anticipated by Charles and Francis Darwin it has been argued that plants sense the direction of gravity (gravitropism) by movement of starch granules found in cells called ... More


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