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Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Leif Lewin

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Is it self‐interest or public interest that dominates in public life? Rational‐choice theory, political philosophy, and electoral research were all used to answer this question. Analysing existing ... More


Minimal Democracy? The Social Choice Critique

John S. Dryzek

in Deliberative Democracy and Beyond: Liberals, Critics, Contestations

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250431
eISBN:
9780191717253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925043X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Some social choice theorists attempt to turn the science of politics against democracy in general and deliberative democracy in particular. They claim the arbitrariness and instability of democracy ... More


Children's Choices or Children's Interests: Which Do Their Rights Protect?

Samantha Brennan

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The often‐posed dichotomy between the interest and choice theory of rights can obfuscate a proper understanding of children's rights. We need a gradualist model in which the grounds for attributing ... More


Theories of Precedent

Michael J. Gerhardt

in The Power of Precedent

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195150506
eISBN:
9780199871131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150506.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter critically examines the most prominent theories which social scientists and legal scholars have developed to explain the role of precedent in constitutional law. It shows that legal ... More


The Glass Bead Game: Testing Game‐Theoretic Models of Politics

Hugh Ward

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

A summary explanation of rational choice theory, and its development in game theory, as a challenge to conventional social science theories. The example, demonstrating its application to the campaign ... More


Social Choice Theory

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses social choice theory, an axiomatic and deductive approach to societal problem solving by existing or possible voting procedures. Social choice theory in economics and political ... More


Self‐Interest and Public Interest

Leif Lewin

in Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Provides some theoretical approaches to the subsequent chapters. In particular, it reflects on the ways in which different sub‐disciplines approach the question of whether any grounds exist for the ... More


Delegation, Agency, and Agenda Setting in the European Union

Mark A. Pollack

in The Engines of European Integration: Delegation, Agency, and Agenda Setting in the EU

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251179
eISBN:
9780191600111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251177.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Principal‐agent theories of delegation generate specific, testable hypotheses about delegation to supranational organizations in the European Union, including: the specific functions delegated to ... More


Game Theory in Context

Michael Suk-Young Chwe

in Jane Austen, Game Theorist

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162447
eISBN:
9781400851331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162447.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explains game theory from the ground up. It first considers the concepts of choice and preferences before discussing strategic thinking as a combination of several skills. Game theory is ... More


Afterword: Religion and the Politics of Identity

Robert Wuthnow

in Rough Country: How Texas Became America's Most Powerful Bible-Belt State

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159898
eISBN:
9781400852116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159898.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter begins by briefly reviewing the two standard approaches to religion often regarded as the most widely discussed alternative perspectives on the relationship between religion and society: ... More


Rational Choice, Area Expertise, and Democratic Transition in Developing Societies: A Theoretical Framework

HeeMin Kim

in Korean Democracy in Transition: A Rational Blueprint for Developing Societies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129945
eISBN:
9780813135748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129945.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses rational choice theory and the aims and purposes of this book. Rational choice theory has been applied in many subfields of political science, such as international relations ... More


Are Politicians Vote‐Maximizers?

Leif Lewin

in Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

According to the assumption of the public‐choice theory, politicians are guided by their self‐interest and vote maximization. By analysing studies based on theories of the political business cycle, ... More


Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Elinor Scarbrough and Eric Tanenbaum (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This volume is a collection of commissioned articles by 16 experts in social science methodology, each contribution introducing experienced social scientists to more advanced analytic techniques. The ... More


 Accounting for Tastes

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter explains the meaning of the payoffs that are used to quantify the outcomes of games. The theory of revealed preference assumes only that players are consistent. With appropriate ... More


Are Bureaucrats Budget‐Maximizers?

Leif Lewin

in Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Even if bureaucrats carry out the wishes of the voters and the decisions of the politicians by performing various sorts of tasks, it is, according to the assumption of the public‐choice theory, their ... More


Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Joseph Heath

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book attempts to show how rule-following can be understood as an essential element of rational action. The first step involves showing how rational choice theory can be modified to incorporate ... More


How International Law Works: A Rational Choice Theory

Andrew Guzman

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195305562
eISBN:
9780199867004
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305562.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Applying rational-choice theory to international law and international relations, this book offers a comprehensive theory of the subject, how it operates, and why it works. Taking as a starting point ... More


Culpable Mind

Alan Brudner

in Punishment and Freedom

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199207251
eISBN:
9780191705502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207251.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter criticizes the character and choice theories of the culpable mind as incapable of justifying judicial punishment specifically as opposed to moral censure generally. It develops from ... More


Does the Voter Follow his Pocket‐Book?

Leif Lewin

in Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Political choices of voters are examined by discussing a large number of empirical studies. The aim is to test the pocketbook hypothesis that states that voters are following their economic rational ... More


Bayesian Epistemology

Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199269754
eISBN:
9780191601705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269750.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Probabilistic models have much to offer to epistemology and philosophy of science. Arguably, the coherence theory of justification claims that the more coherent a set of propositions is, the more ... More


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