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Behavioral Theories of Choice: Understanding the Relationship Between Drug Use and Drug-Free Reinforcement

Christopher J. Correia

in Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

This chapter provides an overview of empirical research and clinical theory that attempts to explain the relationship between drug use, drug-related reinforcement, and drug-free reinforcement. It ... More


Revealed Preference and Bounded Rationality

DOUGLAS GALE

in The Foundations of Positive and Normative Economics: A Hand Book

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195328318
eISBN:
9780199851768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328318.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Perhaps, Paul Samuelson really did not intend to ground economic theory on observable behavior because, as we observe in the revealed-preference theory, we consider only the prices and particular ... More


Implicit issues: some extensions and some speculations

Arthur S. Reber

in Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195106589
eISBN:
9780199871698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106589.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter draws links with a variety of related topics in cognitive psychology. Implicit memory is reviewed and compared with the products of implicit learning. The question of the abstractness of ... More


Cingulate and orbitofrontal contributions to valuing knowns and unknowns in a changeable world

Mark E. Walton, Peter H. Rudebeck, Timothy E. J. Behrens, and Matthew F. S. Rushworth

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The world that we and other animals inhabit is frequently stochastic, uncertain, and changeable and it is imperative that our brains are able to evaluate and keep track of varying contingencies. ... More


Neural basis of social interactions in primates

Daeyeol Lee, Dominic J. Barraclough, and Hyojung Seo

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the choice behaviours of rhesus monkeys during two different computerized competitive games in order to understand how decision-making strategies are adjusted during social ... More


Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economic Behavior: The Emerging Field of Neuroeconomics

Paul W. Glimcher

in Cognitive Biology: Evolutionary and Developmental Perspectives on Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012935
eISBN:
9780262255264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012935.003.0241
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the emerging field of neuroeconomics, in which economic and psychological approaches are combined to study how the brain computes or learns expected utilities that guide ... More


Conventions, Operations, Predictions: Redefining Utility Measurement, 1952–1955

Ivan Moscati

in Measuring Utility: From the Marginal Revolution to Behavioral Economics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199372768
eISBN:
9780199372805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372768.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Chapter 12 analyzes the third phase of the debate on expected utility theory, from the end of 1952 to 1955. The issues concerning the nature of utility measurement gained an autonomous status in this ... More


Measuring Utility: From the Marginal Revolution to Behavioral Economics

Ivan Moscati

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199372768
eISBN:
9780199372805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372768.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The book reconstructs the history of utility measurement in economics, from the marginal revolution of the 1870s to the beginning of behavioral economics in the mid-1980s. Part I covers 1870–1910 and ... More


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