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Transport of ions and water in epithelia: molecular insights Transport of ions and water in epithelia: molecular insights

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Three epithelia are examined as a means of exploring molecular mechanisms of fluid and ion transport. The Malpighian tubules of insects are the site of urine production and can transport a variety of ... More


Cancer of the Liver and Biliary Tract

Sherri Stuver and Dimitrios Trichopoulos

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Primary liver cancer encompasses hepatocellular carcinoma (>90%), cholangiocarcinoma (<10%), and some other rare histologic types. Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in ... More


Matter Falling Out: Precipitation

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

I shall now introduce you to one of the simplest kinds of chemical reaction: precipitation, the falling out from solution of newly formed solid, powdery matter when two solutions are mixed ... More


Networking Opportunities: The Friedel Crafts Reaction

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0027
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

In the final reaction of this part I am going to help you extend your ability to use our toolkit to build a network of carbon atoms. The reaction I talk about here is one of many that I could have ... More


Disequilibrium 3: Internal Variables

Brian Bayly

in Chemical Change in Deforming Materials

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195067644
eISBN:
9780197560211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195067644.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

In Chapters 2, 3, and 4, the usefulness of the concept chemical potential has been explored for describing and predicting movement of material from point to point in space—from a location where a ... More


Introduction

Ulrich Müller

in Symmetry Relationships between Crystal Structures: Applications of Crystallographic Group Theory in Crystal Chemistry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199669950
eISBN:
9780191775086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669950.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This introductory chapter outlines the symmetry principle in crystal chemistry states: in crystal structures the arrangement of the atoms has a tendency towards the highest possible symmetry; ... More


Liver Disorders

Barry S. Levy

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes occupational and environmental liver disorders. It describes the types of liver function and types of liver damage, and how these functions and this damage can be assessed. ... More


A Preliminary Remark: Water and Friends

Peter Atkins

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0004
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Water is the most miraculous of fluids. As well as being ubiquitous on Earth and essential for life as we know it, it has remarkable properties which at first sight don’t seem to be consistent with ... More


Civil Partnerships: Lewis Acid–Base Reactions

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

One of the most remarkable chemists of the twentieth century, Gilbert Lewis (1875–1946), who died in a rather peculiar event involving cyanide (which will figure further in this account) took the ... More


Arsenic is everywhere

John Emsley

in The Elements of Murder: A History of Poison

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780192805997
eISBN:
9780191916410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192805997.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Arsenic has a long historical and disreputable pedigree; its very name seems to condemn it as something unspeakable. It appears to have been first isolated by Albertus the Great (1206–80) although ... More


Chemoreception and the sense of smell

Gordon L. Fain

in Sensory Transduction

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198835028
eISBN:
9780191872846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835028.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

“Chemoreception and the sense of smell” is the seventh chapter of the book Sensory Transduction and begins with a general description of chemoreception, including chemotaxis in bacteria. It then ... More


Patterns and Controls of Soil Water in the Jornada Basin

Katherine A. Mitchell and Jeffrey E. Herrick

in Structure and Function of a Chihuahuan Desert Ecosystem: The Jornada Basin Long-Term Ecological Research Site

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117769
eISBN:
9780197561201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117769.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

This chapter focuses on controls and patterns of soil moisture in the Jornada Basin. First we describe general properties that commonly contribute to soil water heterogeneity; second, we offer a ... More


Between Greenhouse and Icehouse

Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams

in The Goldilocks Planet: The 4 billion year story of Earth's climate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199593576
eISBN:
9780191918018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593576.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

There is a celebrated Flemish painting by Pieter Bruegel the Elder in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. It depicts the age-old battle between Carnival and Lent. Carnival—a time of high ... More


Diffraction

Jenny Pickworth Glusker and Kenneth N. Trueblood

in Crystal Structure Analysis: A Primer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199576340
eISBN:
9780191917905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199576340.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

A common approach to crystal structure analysis by X-ray diffraction presented in texts that have been written for nonspecialists involves the Bragg equation, and a discussion in terms of ... More


Structural parameters: Analysis of results

Jenny Pickworth Glusker and Kenneth N. Trueblood

in Crystal Structure Analysis: A Primer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199576340
eISBN:
9780191917905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199576340.003.0022
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

The results of an X-ray structure analysis are coordinates of the individual, chemically identified atoms in each unit cell, the space group (which gives equivalent positions), and displacement ... More


Introduction

C. G. Gray and K. E. Gubbins

in

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198556022
eISBN:
9780191919251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198556022.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

The application of statistical mechanics to the study of fluids over the past fifty years † or so has progressed through a series of problems of gradually increasing difficulty. The first and most ... More


Synthesis and Intercalation Chemistry

Toshiaki Enoki, Morinobu Endo, and Masatsugu Suzuki

in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128277
eISBN:
9780197561409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128277.003.0004
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Alkali metal GICs are the best known donor type GICs, since they are easily prepared and their brilliant gold color for stage-1 GICs has attracted scientists working in intercalation chemistry. ... More


‘H Two O’ to ‘O Two H’

Peter Wothers

in Antimony, Gold, and Jupiter's Wolf: How the elements were named

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199652723
eISBN:
9780191918230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199652723.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

It was not until the late eighteenth century—over a hundred years after the discovery of phosphorus—that it was appreciated that both phosphorus and sulfur were actually elements. Prior to this ... More


Use of optical spectroscopic methods to study the thermodynamic stability of proteins

Maurice R. Eftink and Haripada Maity

in Spectrophotometry and Spectrofluorimetry: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199638130
eISBN:
9780191918179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199638130.003.0016
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

The biophysical characterization of globular proteins will almost always include some type of study of the unfolding of protein to obtain thermodynamic parameters. The basic idea is that a ... More


Practical Aspects of the Preparation of the Derivatives

Josi M. Seco, Emilio Quiqoa, and Ricardo Riguera

in The Assignment of the Absolute Configuration by NMR using Chiral Derivatizing Agents: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199996803
eISBN:
9780197563373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199996803.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Most of the NMR spectra shown in this book and in the literature have been recorded at 250 or 300 MHz, with a few being obtained at 500 MHz for 1H NMR (the equivalent for 13C NMR). No special pulse ... More


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