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The Chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest: Ecology, Behaviour and Conservation

Vernon Reynolds

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515463
eISBN:
9780191705656
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515463.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Chimpanzees have never been more threatened with extinction than they are today. This book focuses on one chimpanzee group, the Sonso community, living in a tropical rain forest, the Budongo Forest ... More


Reticulate evolution in the hominines

Michael L. Arnold

in Reticulate Evolution and Humans: Origins and Ecology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539581
eISBN:
9780191716225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539581.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses evidence for reticulation evolution among the ancestors of the network that includes gorillas, chimpanzees, and humans.


Human Social Evolution: A Comparison of Hunter-gatherer and Chimpanzee Social Organization

Robert Layton and Sean O'Hara

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter compares the social behaviour of human hunter-gatherers with that of the better-studied chimpanzee species, Pan troglodytes, in an attempt to pinpoint the unique features of human social ... More


Seven Steps in the Evolution of the Human Imagination

STEVEN MITHEN

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The modern human is a product of six million years of evolution wherein it is assumed that the ancestor of man resembles that of a chimpanzee. This assumption is based on the similarities of the ... More


The directed scratch: evidence for a referential gesture in chimpanzees? *

Simone Pika and John C. Mitani

in The Prehistory of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199545872
eISBN:
9780191720369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545872.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter presents observations that suggest wild chimpanzees use a gesture, the directed scratch, in a referential fashion. Directed scratches share two crucial components with homesign systems. ... More


Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Norman A. Johnson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Some six million years ago, two branches of the evolutionary tree diverged: one that led to chimpanzees and bonobos, and one that led to us. Extraordinary advances in our ability to obtain and ... More


Salvage Primatology

Nicolas Langlitz

in Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter assesses how cultural primatologists fought for the conservation and documentation of quickly dwindling chimpanzee communities. As Homo sapiens outcompeted Pan troglodytes in sub-Saharan ... More


What Are the Genetic Differences That Made Us Human?

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Humans differ from chimpanzees and other apes with respect to our large brains and our abilities to use language, among other differences. This chapter discusses several candidate genes involved in ... More


Fine scale sequence diversity and signatures of selection

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Genetic diversity observed in human populations provides unique insights into the selective pressures which have shaped our recent evolutionary past. Evidence to support this view is described in ... More


Language in the Wild: Paleontological and Primatological Evidence for Gestural Origins

David F. Armstrong and Sherman E. Wilcox

in The Gestural Origin of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195163483
eISBN:
9780199867523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163483.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses current knowledge about the linguistic or language-like behaviour of modern great apes, especially chimpanzees (including bonobos) and gorillas. Evidence supports the idea that ... More


The Comparative Neuropsychology of Tool Use in Primates with Specific Reference to Chimpanzees and Capuchin Monkeys

William D. Hopkins

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews behavioral and neurobiological data on tool use in primates. It shows that great apes, in particular chimpanzees, excel at tool use—especially generalizing principles to new ... More


Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Nicolas Langlitz

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In the 1950s, Japanese zoologists took note when a number of macaques invented and passed on new food-washing behaviors within their troop. The discovery opened the door to a startling question: ... More


Tissue‐Driven Hypothesis of Genomic Evolution

Xun Gu

in Statistical Theory and Methods for Evolutionary Genomics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199213269
eISBN:
9780191594762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213269.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Understanding the underlying regulatory mechanism is a fundamental step to exploring the emergence of genome complexity. An important issue is the role of tissue-specific factors in genomic ... More


Other Complex Animals: Missed Opportunities?

Paul Waldau

in The Specter of Speciesism: Buddhist and Christian Views of Animals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145717
eISBN:
9780199834792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145712.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Three groups of socially and cognitively complex nonhuman animals are discussed: elephants, cetaceans (whales and dolphins), and nonhuman great apes (gorillas, orangutans, bonobos, and chimpanzees). ... More


Cognitive development in chimpanzees: A trade-off between memory and abstraction?

Tetsuro Matsuzawa

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.11
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter suggests that the strong, near-photographic memory of chimps for number may be one manifestation of a more general characteristic of a representational system that provides ... More


Chimpanzee Ethnography

Nicolas Langlitz

in Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how chimpanzee ethnographer Christophe Boesch and his group studied the social transmission of cultural traits in the chimpanzee communities of Taï Forest, Côte d'Ivoire. This ... More


Japanese Syntheses

Nicolas Langlitz

in Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter details how Pan and Homo came to share a life in the Japanese laboratory. Tetsuro Matsuzawa's Ai Project, named after his most famous nonhuman “research partner,” began as the Japanese ... More


Field Experiments with a Totem Animal

Nicolas Langlitz

in Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter follows Tetsuro Matsuzawa and his coworkers to their outdoor laboratory in Bossou, Guinea. Revered as the totem animal of the Manon and deprived of almost all primary rainforest, the ... More


Conclusion

Nicolas Langlitz

in Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This concluding chapter reviews what the previous chapters have revealed about cultural primatology. It compares the knowledge cultures of Christophe Boesch's field station, Michael Tomasello's ... More


Human Nature

Erika Lorraine Milam

in Creatures of Cain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181882
eISBN:
9780691185095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181882.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter looks at the scientific revelations produced by Jane Goodall's studies on great apes and the effects these studies had on the contentious field of sociobiology. When Jane Goodall and ... More


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