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Should we intervene to improve childhood circumstances?

Diana Kuh and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews epidemiological and developmental findings relevant to intervention that may improve childhood circumstances. It discusses the circumstances of contemporary childhood in an ... More


Interventions: What Has Worked and Why?

Cigdem Kagitcibasi and Pia R. Britto

in Pathways to Peace: The Transformative Power of Children and Families

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027984
eISBN:
9780262321181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027984.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Early childhood interventions are implemented to make a difference in people’s lives, but demonstrating how they have worked is a challenge. Because many reported programs are conducted in ... More


How Do Events and Relationships in Childhood Set the Stage for Peace at Personal and Social Levels?

Howard Steele, Marinus H. van IJzendoorn, Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, W. Thomas Boyce, Mary Dozier, Nathan A. Fox, Heidi Keller, Dario Maestripieri, Paul Odhiambo Oburu, and Hiltrud Otto

in Pathways to Peace: The Transformative Power of Children and Families

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027984
eISBN:
9780262321181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027984.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on early childhood experiences and how they may contribute to cooperative and peaceful behaviors and outcomes in the later childhood years and into adulthood. Five interrelated ... More


Child Development

Greg J. Duncan, Jens Ludwig, and Katherine A. Magnuson

in Targeting Investments in Children: Fighting Poverty When Resources Are Limited

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226475813
eISBN:
9780226475837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226475837.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews the available evidence about the ability of early childhood interventions to improve children's lifetime earnings prospects and, in turn, reduce their poverty over the long term. ... More


Conclusions

Phillip B. Levine and David J. Zimmerman

in Targeting Investments in Children: Fighting Poverty When Resources Are Limited

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226475813
eISBN:
9780226475837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226475837.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

A comprehensive review of the existing base of knowledge has been assembled on a wide range of interventions targeted at children, with the aim of raising their lifetime economic prospects. This book ... More


Education Policy and Crime

Lance Lochner

in Controlling Crime: Strategies and Tradeoffs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226115122
eISBN:
9780226115139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226115139.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews evidence that education-based policies and early childhood interventions play an important role in reducing crime. It first discusses the relationship between education and crime ... More


Peace Is a Lifelong Process: The Importance of Partnerships

James F. Leckman, Catherine Panter-Brick, and Rima Salah

in Pathways to Peace: The Transformative Power of Children and Families

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027984
eISBN:
9780262321181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027984.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines potential pathways to peace based on the biological and social underpinnings of child development. It assesses child development in the context of familial and group relations ... More


Linking Peacebuilding and Child Development: A Basic Framework

Mohammed Abu-Nimer and Ilham Nasser

in Pathways to Peace: The Transformative Power of Children and Families

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027984
eISBN:
9780262321181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027984.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter addresses debates in the field of peacebuilding, with a focus on conflict resolution and peace education. Strategies in conflict resolution and peace education which can be applied as ... More


The Problem of Institutionalization of Young Children and Its Consequences for Efforts to Build Peaceful Societies

Nathan A. Fox, Charles A. Nelson, and Charles H. Zeanah

in Pathways to Peace: The Transformative Power of Children and Families

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027984
eISBN:
9780262321181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027984.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Institutionalization of children is a worldwide problem, and the consequences of these deprived early experiences have been known for some time. To examine how profound early neglect impacts the ... More


Mental Health and Development among Children Living in Violent Conditions: Underlying Processes for Promoting Peace

Raija-Leena Punamäki

in Pathways to Peace: The Transformative Power of Children and Families

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027984
eISBN:
9780262321181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027984.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Peacebuilding is believed to be especially challenging among children who fall victims to collective and interpersonal violence. An intriguing question is whether a focus on trauma, and on healing ... More


Issues in Implementation

Phillip B. Levine and David J. Zimmerman

in Targeting Investments in Children: Fighting Poverty When Resources Are Limited

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226475813
eISBN:
9780226475837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226475837.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The goal of this chapter is to identify the childhood interventions that are most successful at alleviating poverty. Although this goal is straightforward in theory, its implementation in practice ... More


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