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Birth-rate Blues: A Real Crisis in the Making?

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Instead of focusing on a crisis for the welfare state, this chapter examines a contemporary crisis threat for which the welfare state in the form of family-friendly social policies may provide the ... More


Family policy: charting new waters

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses three periods of policy change in the field of family policy. Concentrating on basic aspects of family support, such benefits and tax allowances for families, as well as pension ... More


Collective childcare protection: the new workfare

Mara A. Yerkes

in Transforming the Dutch welfare state: Social risks and corporatist reform

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847429636
eISBN:
9781447304081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429636.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Childcare policy has shifted dramatically in the Netherlands as perceptions of childcare as a social risk have changed, leading to the semicollectivisation of childcare. This chapter explores this ... More


Childcare Politics in the ‘New’ Welfare State: Class, Religion, and Gender in the Shaping of Political Agendas

Ingela Naumann

in The Politics of the New Welfare State

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199645244
eISBN:
9780191745119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645244.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

Childcare, a neglected policy issue in the past, has recently become a central element of welfare state reform in many advanced economies. This chapter discusses the development of post-industrial ... More


Gendered citizenship: the care of young children

Lister Ruth, Williams Fiona, Anttonen Anneli, Bussemaker Jet, Gerhard Ute, Heinen Jacqueline, Johansson Stina, Leira Arnlaug, Siim Birte, Tobio Constanza, and Gavanas Anna

in Gendering citizenship in Western Europe: New challenges for citizenship research in a cross-national context

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346940
eISBN:
9781447302438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346940.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter reviews the central theoretical perspectives on childcare, gender, and social citizenship, and childcare as a social right of parents. It then discusses the main components of the ... More


Childcare and family-friendly employment policies

Harriet Churchill

in Parental rights and responsibilities: Analysing social policy and lived experiences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420916
eISBN:
9781447302896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420916.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter reviews developments in childcare and family-friendly employment policies. Policy discourses distinguish between parental, informal, and formal childcare, different types of formal ... More


The Norwegian childcare regime and its paradoxes

Anne Lise Ellingsæter

in Politicising parenthood in Scandinavia: Gender relations in welfare states

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346452
eISBN:
9781447303015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346452.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter studies the present Norwegian childcare regime, while focusing on the regulations of the right of parents to work versus care during the early stages of parenthood. It argues that a ... More


Childcare and early years

Christine Skinner

in The well-being of children in the UK

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428370
eISBN:
9781447304005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428370.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter provides a review of the childcare policy framework and evaluates current policy directions. It then presents research evidence on the benefits of formal childcare services for child ... More


Cultures of in-home childcare

Elizabeth Adamson

in Nannies, Migration and Early Childhood Education and Care: An International Comparison of In-Home Childcare Policy and Practice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781447330141
eISBN:
9781447330165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447330141.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter brings together discussions from earlier chapters to understand the dynamic of these distinct care cultures. It considers the embedded norms and assumptions about the objectives of and ... More


Policies to Support Working Mothers and Children in Japan

Boling Patricia

in The Political Economy of Japan's Low Fertility

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754866
eISBN:
9780804768207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754866.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter provides a guide to current family policies in Japan. It outlines public policies that govern child allowances, tax breaks for dependents, public childcare, and childcare leaves. The ... More


Woman-friendly policy paradoxes? Childcare policies and gender equality visions in Scandinavia

Anette Borchorst

in Gender equality and welfare politics in Scandinavia: The limits of political ambition?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424655
eISBN:
9781447302407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424655.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter discusses the different policy logics of childcare policies in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, and the visions of gender equality underpinning them. It also reports whether the notion of ... More


Nordic family policies: constructing contexts for social work with families

Guðný Björk Eydal and Teppo Kröger

in Social work and child welfare politics: Through Nordic lenses

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424068
eISBN:
9781447303534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424068.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter first discusses the development and main features of Nordic family laws. An overview of family structures and of the economic labour market and social conditions of families with ... More


Working time and caring strategies: parenthood in different welfare states

Thomas P. Boje

in Politicising parenthood in Scandinavia: Gender relations in welfare states

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346452
eISBN:
9781447303015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346452.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter presents a comparison of Denmark and Sweden with the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. These countries have different work cultures and family policy systems, and the variation in the ... More


The Conservative age: liberal moments amid poverty, ill-health and punishment, 1979–97

Harry Hendrick

in Child welfare: Historical dimensions, contemporary debate

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344779
eISBN:
9781447301721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344779.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter considers child health during the Conservative age. It starts with a discussion of the increasing inequalities in child health, and identifies three considerations with regards to child ... More


Why No Social Investment in Italy: Timing, Austerity, and Macro-Level Matthew Effects

Yuri Kazepov and Costanzo Ranci

in The Uses of Social Investment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198790488
eISBN:
9780191831744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790488.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In this chapter, the case of Italy is considered as an extreme adverse case for social investment policies. Not only is the country’s social expenditure strongly targeted to compensatory policies, ... More


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