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The culture of violence: Child Soldiers, Slavery, and the Trafficking of Children

Susan Tiefenbrun

in Decoding International Law: Semiotics and the Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195385779
eISBN:
9780199776061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385779.003.010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the development of a culture of violence in many parts of the world, especially Africa, which has given rise to genocide, mass violence, and child soldiering. Child soldiering ... More


Global Child Welfare and Well-Being

Susan C. Mapp

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195339710
eISBN:
9780199863686
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339710.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Across the world, children are the most vulnerable population. The threats to them may vary, but wherever one looks, children are endangered and exploited. Using the Convention on the Rights of the ... More


Reimagining Child Soldiers in International Law and Policy

Mark A. Drumbl

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199592654
eISBN:
9780191738807
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592654.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The international community's efforts to halt child soldiering have yielded some successes. But this pernicious practice persists. It may shift locally, but it endures globally. Preventative measures ... More


Little Soldiers: How Soviet Children Went to War, 1941-1945

Olga Kucherenko

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199585557
eISBN:
9780191725043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585557.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

Germany's war against the Soviet Union raised a small army of child-soldiers. Thousands of those below the enlistment age served with regular and paramilitary formations, even though they were not ... More


Child Soldiers

Susan C. Mapp

in Global Child Welfare and Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195339710
eISBN:
9780199863686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339710.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Reasons for the use of children in conflict are examined together with international protocols against their use including the Optional Protocol to the CRC and the Cape Town Principles. There are ... More


Not So Simple

Mark A. Drumbl

in Reimagining Child Soldiers in International Law and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199592654
eISBN:
9780191738807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592654.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

How do children come to be associated with armed forces or armed groups? Once there, which roles do they serve? What do they do and how are they used? What is known about why some child soldiers ... More


Coming of Age in Atrocity

Mark A. Drumbl

in Reimagining Child Soldiers in International Law and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199592654
eISBN:
9780191738807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592654.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter broaches the issues, sets out dominant assumptions, and provides a quick overview of the central arguments. It begins by defining who exactly is a child soldier. It then discusses images ... More


Children Who Soldier: Practices, Politics, and Perceptions

Mark A. Drumbl

in Reimagining Child Soldiers in International Law and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199592654
eISBN:
9780191738807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592654.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter begins by surveying the places where children currently are, and recently have been, associated with armed forces or armed groups. It then explores how international efforts to eradicate ... More


Rights, Wrongs, and Transitional Reconstruction

Mark A. Drumbl

in Reimagining Child Soldiers in International Law and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199592654
eISBN:
9780191738807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592654.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter asks child soldiers as and after they exit conflict should be approached? Faultless passive victim imagery shapes the place designated for child soldiers within the architecture of inter ... More


The Gothic Child

Yogita Goyal

in Runaway Genres: The Global Afterlives of Slavery

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781479829590
eISBN:
9781479819676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479829590.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Chapter 2 focuses on the figure of the child as soldier. Reading expansively across memoirs and novels about war, I show how the figure of the child shuttles between sentimental and gothic modes, the ... More


Unlawful Recruitment and Use of Children: From Proscription to Prevention

Mark A. Drumbl

in Reimagining Child Soldiers in International Law and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199592654
eISBN:
9780191738807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592654.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

What is the lawful age of recruitment into state armed forces, into irregular armed groups distinct from the state, and for active participation in hostilities? Which sanctions arise for adults who ... More


Mozambican Child Soldier Life Outcome Study

Neil Boothby, Jennifer Crawford, and Agostinho Mamade

in Adolescents and War: How Youth Deal with Political Violence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195343359
eISBN:
9780199894116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343359.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

Focusing on Mozambican youth, this chapter offers initial findings on the first longitudinal study of life-outcomes of former child soldiers. It identifies specific interventions that were important ... More


Youth Soldiering: An Integrated Framework for Understanding Psychosocial Impact

Michael Wessells and Kathleen Kostelny

in Adolescents and War: How Youth Deal with Political Violence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195343359
eISBN:
9780199894116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343359.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter provides a holistic understanding of the consequences of youth soldiering, recognizing the diversity within the category “child soldiers” and using young people's testimonies to show how ... More


Child Soldiers and Accountability

Mark A. Drumbl

in Reimagining Child Soldiers in International Law and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199592654
eISBN:
9780191738807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592654.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter considers each of international laws lex lata, lex ferenda, and lex desiderata. Lex lata refers to current law which is settled. Lex ferenda means future law, aspirationally as it should ... More


Child Soldiers

Joanne Corbin

in Handbook of International Social Work: Human Rights, Development, and the Global Profession

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195333619
eISBN:
9780199918195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333619.003.0022
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

Hundreds of thousands of children under the age of eighteen are involved in armed groups in 37% of the world's countries and territories. This chapter reviews the key issues affecting these children, ... More


Human Rights and Social Justice in a Global Perspective: An Introduction to International Social Work

Susan C. Mapp

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195313451
eISBN:
9780199893423
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313451.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

An overview of international human rights and social justice, this introductory text focuses on current global problems of pressing concern for social workers. It addresses topics such as healthcare, ... More


Liability and the Limits of Self‐Defense

Jeff McMahan

in Killing in War

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199548668
eISBN:
9780191721045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548668.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter distinguishes among a variety of morally different types of threatening individual — for example, those who are culpable, those who are excused, those who are partially excused, those ... More


The Impact of War on Children

Joanna Santa Barbara

in War and Public Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311181
eISBN:
9780199865086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311181.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the adverse consequences of war and militarism on children, including physical impacts, such as injury, illness, disability, and malnutrition, and psychological impacts, ... More


Adolescents and War: How Youth Deal with Political Violence

Brian K Barber (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195343359
eISBN:
9780199894116
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343359.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

Hundreds of thousands of children are forced or legally recruited combatants in no fewer than 70 warring parties across the world. In addition to these child soldiers, thousands of youth voluntarily ... More


Child Soldiers versus Children in Terrorist Groups

Mia Bloom

John Horgan (ed.)

in Small Arms: Children and Terrorism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780801453885
eISBN:
9781501709425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453885.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

Much of the literature thus far has tended to aggregate child soldiers with child terrorists. This chapter distinguishes between child soldiers and children involved in terrorist organizations ... More


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