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Images of Youth

Harry Hendrick

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217824
eISBN:
9780191678295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217824.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This is a study of the debate on male youth in the period 1880–1920. During these years, male working-class youth was regarded as posing a serious problem, not only economically, but also morally and ... More


Essentialism in Language

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues that language exerts important influences on essentialist reasoning. Two primary ways that language seems to affect the construction of essentialized kind are discussed: one is by ... More


The Inductive Potential of Categories

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Preschool children are not scientists, but they would (implicitly) agree with Gould's assessment of categories, at least in certain domains. With their classifications, children are attempting to ... More


Hidden, Nonobvious Properties

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues that by four years of age children construct beliefs and assumptions about properties that are “internal, but...unknown” (to borrow from Locke) and that these beliefs have serious ... More


Causal Explanations, Causal Determinism

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

People appeal to hidden, nonobvious features in constructing certain categories. The question that arises is: why should this be? The essentialist position proposes that causes are more important ... More


The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature, Science, and Medicine, 1840-1900

Sally Shuttleworth

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199582563
eISBN:
9780191702327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582563.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

What is the difference between a lie and a fantasy, when the subject is a child? Moving between literary and scientific texts, this book explores the range of fascinating issues that emerge when the ... More


Theory Theories and DAM Theories

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Childhood essentialism has implications for theories on cognitive development. There is wide-ranging evidence for what may be called “early competence”. Preschool children appear to be surprisingly ... More


Why Do We Essentialize?

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The question of why we essentialize gives rise to a variety of other questions, concerning issues such as where essentialism is located, or what properties of the mind give rise to essentialism. ... More


Introduction

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This introduction concerns essentialism in everyday thought. Roughly, essentialism is the view that categories have an underlying reality or true nature that one cannot observe directly but that ... More


Children's Conceptions of Nature and Nurture

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Inheritance plays an important role in adults' everyday thoughts about social categories. When people think about identity, they often assume that properties are passed down from parent to child, ... More


Conclusions to Part I

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Children display evidence for two elements of essentialism: treating certain categories as richly structured kinds and assuming that some as-yet-undefined causal placeholder is responsible for the ... More


What Parents Say—and Do Not Say—about Essences

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

From an empiricist view, children learn about essences by observation, either direct or indirect — including via the stories told by their parents. This view is appealing in many respects, ... More


Unfinished Business

Susan A. Gelman

in The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Essentialism is a vast, untidy topic, and the acquisition of psychological essentialism in children remains unclear. This chapter discusses three sets of unresolved issues: skeptical responses to ... More


Lies and Imagination

Shuttleworth Sally

in The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature, Science, and Medicine, 1840-1900

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199582563
eISBN:
9780191702327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582563.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines discourses concerning childrenhood lying and imagination in England during the period from 1840 to 1900. It suggests that overall, the second half of the 19th century witnessed ... More


Autobiography and the Science of Child Study

Shuttleworth Sally

in The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature, Science, and Medicine, 1840-1900

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199582563
eISBN:
9780191702327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582563.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines British psychiatrist Henry Maudsley's criticism on the science of child study during the beginning of the 20th century. In his address to the 1900 meeting of the ... More


Nervous Children

Janet Oppenheim

in “Shattered Nerves”: Doctors, Patients, and Depression in Victorian England

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195057812
eISBN:
9780199854394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195057812.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

When Victorian and Edwardian doctors worried about the nervous instability of British women, they were often thinking about the children that neurotic females might produce. It was a medical ... More


Childhood as Performance: What Maisie Knew

Shuttleworth Sally

in The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature, Science, and Medicine, 1840-1900

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199582563
eISBN:
9780191702327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582563.003.0018
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines Henry James' 1897 novel What Maisie Knew in relation to child study in England during the 19th century. This novel shared with the practitioners of child psychology a desire to ... More


Fears, Phantasms, and Night Terrors

Shuttleworth Sally

in The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature, Science, and Medicine, 1840-1900

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199582563
eISBN:
9780191702327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582563.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines discourses concerning childhood experiences of fears, phantasms, and night terrors in England during the 19th century. It discusses child psychiatrist Crichton Browne's claim ... More


Child Witness Testimony: What Do We Know and Where Are We Going?

Helen L Westcott

in Law and Psychology: Current Legal Issues Volume 9

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199211395
eISBN:
9780191695803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211395.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents the author's personal view that has been shaped by her own journey through the myriad psychological and legal issues one encounters when considering children's evidence. First, ... More


“I’ll eat you up I love you so”: Adaptation, Authorship, and Intermediality in Spike Jonze’s Where the Wild Things Are

Eddie Falvey

in ReFocus: The Films of Spike Jonze

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474447621
eISBN:
9781474476669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474447621.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Falvey contrasts critical work on Maurice Sendak’s Where the Wild Things Are with its role at the epicentre of a series of intermedial adaptations, including Jonze and Dave Eggers’ screenplay, ... More


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