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The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Christopher Dye

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Despite decades of developments in immunization and drug therapy, tuberculosis remains one of the leading causes of human mortality, and no country has successfully eradicated the disease. ... More


Surgical Palliative Care

Geoffrey P Dunn and Alan G Johnson (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198510000
eISBN:
9780191730184
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510000.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This book describes the principles and practice of surgery in the context of palliative and supportive care. Surgery is often considered too invasive to be useful in palliation and clinicians ... More


The Early Breast Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group: a brief history of results to date

Sarah Darby, Christina Davies, and Paul McGale

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes the collaborative efforts and statistical results obtained in four five-year cycles of collection and analysis of individual patient data concerning breast cancer mortality. ... More


Pharmacology of CTA

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

While the CTA eliciting stimuli are restricted to the gustatory modality, the same substance can also be used as the US when it is ingested, and it influences the gastrointestinal system. Many drugs ... More


Epilogue

Samia Mehrez

in Egypt's Culture Wars: Politics and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774163746
eISBN:
9781617970399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163746.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

After the Al–Khubz al–hafi crisis ended, Magda al–Nowaihi and the author organized a panel at MESA 2000 on Censorship and the Arab Literary Imaginary. Magda was ready for all the battles, having ... More


Special medical conditions and therapeutic interventions

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Cancer progression is not affected by placebo treatments; however symptoms can be reduced by placebos. Nocebo effects are crucially involved in anticipatory nausea and vomiting before a cancer ... More


Death and Dignity: A Case of Individualized Decision Making  

Timothy E. Quill

in Caring for Patients at the End of Life: Facing an Uncertain Future Together

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195139402
eISBN:
9780199999859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139402.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter relates a case of individualized decision making in a patient named Diane who was diagnosed with acute leukemia. In the author's conversation with Diane and her family about her ... More


Puerperal Fever: A Curable Disease

Irvine Loudon

in The Tragedy of Childbed Fever

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204992
eISBN:
9780191676444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204992.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter chronicles the discovery of the cure for puerperal disease. It discusses the contributions of German scientist Paul Ehrlich who worked in immunotherapy and coined the term chemotherapy, ... More


Assessment and management of respiratory symptoms of malignant disease

Jennifer Chard, Peter Hoskin, and Sam H. Ahmedzai

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0020
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Supportive care is a major component in the management of malignant diseases that affect the respiratory system. It should be included in the overall management plan for the patient from the very ... More


Pediatric Oncology: A Medical Overview

David J. Bearison and Raymond K. Mulhern

in Pediatric Psychooncology: Psychological Perspectives on Children with Cancer

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195079319
eISBN:
9780199999804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079319.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses the medical aspects of pediatric cancer, valuable to readers with little or no background in biomedical sciences and medical practice. It considers the etiology, clinical ... More


Pain and Symptom Management

David J. Bearison and Raymond K. Mulhern

in Pediatric Psychooncology: Psychological Perspectives on Children with Cancer

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195079319
eISBN:
9780199999804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195079319.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Problems associated with pain and symptom management among children undergoing treatment for cancer is a major area of concern for clinicians. This chapter discusses methods of assessing and treating ... More


Oral complications of cancer treatment

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay

in Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.003.0015
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Cancer therapy can lead to complex oral and dental problems. These complications vary by patient, the individual's oral and dental status, the type of cancer, and the type of cancer therapy ... More


Systemic therapy: chemotherapy, hormone therapy, biological therapy

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the different methods of systematic therapy, with stress on the importance of chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and biological therapy in palliative care. Systemic therapy is ... More


Clinical Trials of Antiemetics in the Palliative Care Setting: Research Issues

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Nausea and vomiting are reported to occur in up to 62% of terminally ill patients, with 40% experiencing these symptoms in the last six weeks of life. Most of the existing research on antiemetics ... More


The pain clinic and palliative oncology

R.J. DUNLOP and J.M. HOCKLEY

in Hospital-based Palliative Care Teams: The Hospital/Hospice Interface

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192629807
eISBN:
9780191730061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629807.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

There are three services that a palliative care team may be specifically involved with: the pain clinic, radiotherapy, and medical oncology. This chapter reviews the contribution of these services to ... More


Acupuncture

Beverley de Valois

in Enhancing Cancer Care: Complementary therapy and support

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199297559
eISBN:
9780191730023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297559.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Acupuncture is a therapeutic technique that evolved from ancient Oriental theories and practices of medicine. Since the 1970s, it has become increasingly popular in the West as a means of preventing ... More


Cancer as a microevolutionary process

Natalia L. Komarova and Dominik Wodarz

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Mathematical models of cancer evolution can provide helpful insights. This chapter describes a way to model cancer in which carcinogenesis is a microevolutionary process inside an organ. It uses both ... More


The assessment and management of advanced cancer of the ovary

Bristi Basu, Cheryl Palmer, Jean Abraham, and Helena Earl

in Palliative Care Consultations in Gynaeoncology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528067
eISBN:
9780191730351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528067.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Ovarian cancer is the seventh most-common cancer of women worldwide. Although it is generally regarded as a chemo-sensitive malignancy, the majority of women afflicted with this disease develop ... More


Current management of advanced breast cancer

Mahesh Iddawela, Athar Ahmad, Karen McAdam, and Helena Earl

in Palliative Care Consultations in Advanced Breast Cancer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530756
eISBN:
9780191730481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530756.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses the current management of advanced breast cancer. It examines the treatments available to the patients: targeted therapy, endocrine therapy, and chemotherapy. Each treatment is ... More


Myelodysplastic syndromes

Ghulam Mufti and Kavita Raj

in Palliative Care Consultations in Haemato-oncology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528081
eISBN:
9780191730399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528081.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), which are a spectrum of pre-leukaemic disorders that manifest in the elderly and can have a prolonged course. Patients afflicted with MDS ... More


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