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Chemical equilibrium and chemical kinetics

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Building on the previous chapter, this chapter examines gas phase chemical equilibrium, and the equilibrium constant. This chapter takes a rigorous, yet very clear, ‘first principles’ approach, ... More


Given Enough Time …

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines James Lovelock's assertion that the Earth's atmosphere is a biological construct that is distinctly different from any expected abiotic chemical equilibrium. This claim can be ... More


Thermodynamics and Transport Properties

Thorvald Abel Engh, Geoffrey K. Sigworth, and Anne Kvithyld

in Principles of Metal Refining and Recycling

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198811923
eISBN:
9780191850035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811923.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The fundamentals of thermodynamics are reviewed, focusing on the chemistry of high-temperature metals, oxides (slags), and salts. Thermochemical data are provided for important molten metals: the ... More


GAS KINETICS

Norman F. Ramsey

in Molecular Beams

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520214
eISBN:
9780191706325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520214.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter derives methods for calculating the effusion of molecules from sources with apertures that are narrow and short. Corrections are given for long channeled apertures of various shapes. The ... More


Reactions in solution

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Another key chapter, examining reactions in solution. Starting with the definition of an ideal solution, and then introducing Raoult’s law and Henry’s law, this chapter then draws on the results of ... More


Removal of Dissolved Impurities from Molten Metals

Thorvald Abel Engh, Geoffrey K. Sigworth, and Anne Kvithyld

in Principles of Metal Refining and Recycling

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198811923
eISBN:
9780191850035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811923.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Impurities are transferred out at the boundary of the liquid. Velocities normal to the boundary are small. Therefore, for efficient removal contact areas and times should be large. Transfer depends ... More


Chemical reactions

Andrew M. Steane

in Thermodynamics: A complete undergraduate course

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198788560
eISBN:
9780191830426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788560.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The use of chemical potential in basic chemistry is introduced. Chemical equilibrium is discussed, and the law of mass action derived. The Van ‘t Hoff equation is derived.


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