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A Formal Approach to the Conceptual Development of Chemical Element

Guillermo Restrepo

in What Is A Chemical Element?: A Collection of Essays by Chemists, Philosophers, Historians, and Educators

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190933784
eISBN:
9780197508442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933784.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

A chemical element, treated as a concept, entails objects and attributes. From the eighteenth century to date, objects include substances up to quasi-molecular species and nuclides. Attributes range ... More


The Existence of Elements, and the Elements of Existence

Robin Findlay Hendry

in What Is A Chemical Element?: A Collection of Essays by Chemists, Philosophers, Historians, and Educators

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190933784
eISBN:
9780197508442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933784.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Philosophers sometimes discuss the “ontological status” of this or that kind of entity. They should be addressing one of the following questions, or the word ontological is being misused: 1. Does X ... More


Kant, Cassirer, and the Idea of Chemical Element

Farzad Mahootian

in What Is A Chemical Element?: A Collection of Essays by Chemists, Philosophers, Historians, and Educators

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190933784
eISBN:
9780197508442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933784.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The concept of element is fundamental to modern chemistry and yet it embodies an apparently persistent ambiguity that has remained unresolved for the nearly one hundred years since it was made ... More


What Is A Chemical Element?: A Collection of Essays by Chemists, Philosophers, Historians, and Educators

Eric Scerri and Elena Ghibaudi (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190933784
eISBN:
9780197508442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933784.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The term “element” is typically used in two distinct senses. First it is taken to mean isolated simple substances such as the green gas chlorine or the yellow solid sulphur. In some languages, ... More


Paracelsus: A Tumultuous Mind with an Overview

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0064
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the thesis of Paracelsus in the new era. Paracelsus wrote that there is nothing inside the body that is not observable from the outside, and that is the antithesis of ... More


Elements of Enlightenment

Hjalmar Fors

in The Limits of Matter: Chemistry, Mining, and Enlightenment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226194998
eISBN:
9780226195049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226195049.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates the interconnectedness of mining knowledge in a wider German and Swedish cultural sphere, and how the Officials of the Bureau began to distinguish themselves from their ... More


Elements of a Sustainable World

John Evans

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198827832
eISBN:
9780191866562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827832.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

We have 118 known chemical elements as our palette in our context of sustaining our world. Our context is considered in terms of the four spheres of the ancient world: Earth, Air, Fire and Water. ... More


Cosmic Chemistry

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter analyzes how humans owe their existence to the rich variety of chemical elements that exist in the universe. The solar system contains hydrogen to power the Sun; iron and silicon to ... More


The Limits of Matter: Chemistry, Mining, and Enlightenment

Hjalmar Fors

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226194998
eISBN:
9780226195049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226195049.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This is a book about how the modern notion of materiality was established during the period c. 1680-1760. It studies what natural philosophers engaged in chemistry and mineralogy said about phenomena ... More


Marine Geochemistry: Ocean Circulation, Carbon Cycle and Climate Change

Matthieu Roy-Barman and Catherine Jeandel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198787495
eISBN:
9780191829604
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787495.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Marine geochemistry uses chemical elements and their isotopes to study how the ocean works. It brings quantitative answers to questions such as: What is the deep ocean mixing rate? How much ... More


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