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How Public Service Bargains Change and Fall

Christopher Hood and Martin Lodge

in The Politics of Public Service Bargains: Reward, Competency, Loyalty - and Blame

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199269679
eISBN:
9780191604096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926967X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores how public service bargains can weaken or collapse, focusing on the ways in which different types of bargain provide incentives for different ways of cheating and strategic ... More


Public Service Managerialism and Public Service Bargains: Control, Blame Avoidance, and Cheating

Christopher Hood and Martin Lodge

in The Politics of Public Service Bargains: Reward, Competency, Loyalty - and Blame

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199269679
eISBN:
9780191604096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926967X.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter uses the public service bargain perspective to analyze the contemporary theme of managerialism and demands for changing controls over public services. It shows what managerialism means ... More


The Monogamy Gap: Men, Love, and the Reality of Cheating

Eric Anderson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777921
eISBN:
9780199919062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777921.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

A resilient cultural myth equates monogamy with a test of true love. Yet, despite this strongly-held cultural ideal, cheating is rampant. Whereas most books seek to cure men from their cheating ... More


Counter Currents

Eric Anderson

in The Monogamy Gap: Men, Love, and the Reality of Cheating

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777921
eISBN:
9780199919062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777921.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter offers a summary of the previous sixteen chapters. It also indicates the need for cultural recognition of varying relationship models without a presumption of the superiority or morality ... More


Lying, Cheating, and Stealing: A Moral Theory of White-Collar Crime

Stuart P. Green

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199225804
eISBN:
9780191708411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225804.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Employment Law

The picture of crime that dominates the popular imagination is one of unambiguous wrong-doing — manifestly harmful acts that are clearly worthy of condemnation. The accompanying picture of the ... More


Communication in bacteria

Stephen P. Diggle, Stuart A. West, Andy Gardner, and Ashleigh S. Griffin

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The term quorum sensing (QS) is used to describe communication between bacterial cells, whereby a coordinated population response is controlled by diffusible signal molecules. QS has not only been ... More


The Hazards of Claiming to Have Solved the Hard Problem of Free Will

Azim F Shariff, Jonathan Schooler, and Kathleen, D Vohs

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Although much recent work, both theoretical and empirical, has questioned the existence of conscious free will, this chapter offers two reasons for caution in drawing strong conclusions about the ... More


What Could Work Better: Cooperation betwen Two Species

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines cooperation between two species and how cooperation among related individuals of one species can also help maintain cooperation between species. It presents some examples of ... More


Defining the Problem

Louis Kaplow

in Competition Policy and Price Fixing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158624
eISBN:
9781400846078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158624.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter presents scenarios that illustrate the difficulty of defining agreement in a coherent fashion that successfully distinguishes pure interdependence (firms refrain from price cutting ... More


Cheating by Flowers: Cheating the Visitors and Cheating Other Flowers

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines how flowers cheat visitors and other flowers. Pollination is not an altruistic exercise; there is a conflict of needs that makes both plants and pollinators liable to cheat to ... More


Flower Visitors as Cheats and the Plants’ Responses

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes some of the kinds of cheating committed by flower visitors and what plants can do to avoid the costs of being cheated. While both plants and visitors have many ways of ... More


Prevalence of Cheating

Eric Anderson

in The Monogamy Gap: Men, Love, and the Reality of Cheating

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777921
eISBN:
9780199919062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777921.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the findings of multiple other researchers’ work into cheating. It highlights that cheating is an increasing event, due to changing cultural norms and practices, and it ... More


Cheating Out of Love

Eric Anderson

in The Monogamy Gap: Men, Love, and the Reality of Cheating

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777921
eISBN:
9780199919062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777921.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses premeditated cheating. Here, it is suggested that after men first cheat spontaneously, they are more likely to plan cheating. For these men, it is suggested that they make a ... More


Object-Oriented Humour

Maria Plaza

in The Function of Humour in Roman Verse Satire: Laughing and Lying

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199281114
eISBN:
9780191712739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281114.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter on object-oriented humour argues that a favourite device of Roman satire is to use the structure of ‘mockery from below’ for various attacks. It analyses how metaphors ‘heightening’ the ... More


Do Politicians Change Tactics to Evade Criticism?

Judith G. Kelley

in Monitoring Democracy: When International Election Observation Works, and Why It Often Fails

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152776
eISBN:
9781400842520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152776.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter considers whether the expected presence of international monitors causes politicians to switch to forms of manipulation that monitors may be less likely to denounce. It argues that for ... More


Long-Term Effects

Judith G. Kelley

in Monitoring Democracy: When International Election Observation Works, and Why It Often Fails

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152776
eISBN:
9781400842520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152776.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter compares how several countries respond to recommendations by monitors in the long run, and whether the overall quality of elections improves throughout multiple monitored elections. Most ... More


Three‐Pronged Investment

Alice H. Amsden

in The Rise of “The Rest”: Challenges to the West From Late-Industrializing Economies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139693
eISBN:
9780199832897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139690.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, International

The successful late industrializing countries (the rest) followed a ‘low road’ to industrial development between 1850 and 1950 for lack of proprietary technology and related know‐how and skills. ... More


Spontaneous Cheating

Eric Anderson

in The Monogamy Gap: Men, Love, and the Reality of Cheating

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777921
eISBN:
9780199919062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777921.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the mechanics of how men cheat. It explores the antecedents that lead them to it, both structurally and emotionally. It explains the high rate of cheating found among this ... More


Justifying the Moral Rules: The Second Five

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the moral rules: do not deceive, keep your promises, do not cheat, obey the law, and do your duty, are justified moral rules. It provides analyses of deception, promises, ... More


Domain-Specific Reasoning: Social Contracts and Cheating Detection

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195153729
eISBN:
9780199849222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153729.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter first introduces the challenge of domain specificity and then applies a domain-specific theory for a specific adaptive problem, social exchange, to a reasoning task that has puzzled ... More


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