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Deceitful Media: Artificial Intelligence and Social Life after the Turing Test

Simone Natale

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190080365
eISBN:
9780190080402
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080365.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Artificial intelligence (AI) is often discussed as something extraordinary, a dream—or a nightmare—that awakens metaphysical questions on human life. Yet far from a distant technology of the future, ... More


The ELIZA Effect: Joseph Weizenbaum and the Emergence of Chatbots

Simone Natale

in Deceitful Media: Artificial Intelligence and Social Life after the Turing Test

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190080365
eISBN:
9780190080402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080365.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on ELIZA, the first chatbot program, developed in the 1960s at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology by Joseph Weizenbaum to engage in written conversations with users of the ... More


How to Create a Bot: Programming Deception at the Loebner Prize Competition

Simone Natale

in Deceitful Media: Artificial Intelligence and Social Life after the Turing Test

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190080365
eISBN:
9780190080402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080365.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

In 1991, American inventor and philanthropist Hugh Loebner funded the launch of a competition aimed at recreating the conditions of the Turing test to assess the success of conversational programs in ... More


Relationships 5.0 and the Cognitive Revolution

Elyakim Kislev

in Relationships 5.0: How AI, VR, and Robots Will Reshape Our Emotional Lives

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780197588253
eISBN:
9780197588284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197588253.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter assesses the cognitive revolution, looking at the evolution of artificial intelligence and recent developments in the field. Having some type of a relationship with AI is not necessarily ... More


Echoes Down the Years: Technologies of Mediumship and Immortality

Alicia Puglionesi

in Media Ventriloquism: How Audiovisual Technologies Transform the Voice-Body Relationship

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197563625
eISBN:
9780197563663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197563625.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter examines the history of human-machine assemblages used to speak for the dead, comparing the practices of the nineteenth-century American Spiritualist movement with those of present-day ... More


Artificial intelligence, explanations, trust, responsibility, and justice

Ronald M. Baecker

in Computers and Society: Modern Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198827085
eISBN:
9780191917318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827085.003.0018
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction

There have been several challenges to our view of our position and purpose as human beings. The scientist Charles Darwin’s research demonstrated evolutionary links between man and other animals. ... More


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