Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 48 items

  • Keywords: character traits x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Moral Inconsistency

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Experiments and conclusions of ‘situationist’ social psychology have been seen by some as grounds for doubting that there are any virtues or vices, or more broadly any traits of character, at all. ... More


Moral Frailty and Moral Luck

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychological experiments and other empirical data seem to show that good traits of character (even if real) are frail, rather easily overcome by some types of temptation, and are dependent on social ... More


Excellence in Being for the Good

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Virtue, comprehensively considered, is intrinsic excellence of persisting moral character, and excellence of moral character must be excellence in being for what is good. This chapter elaborates the ... More


Virtues and Vices

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes between personality traits and character traits, and between moral virtues, personal virtues, and social virtues. It presents analyses of individual moral virtues, e.g., ... More


Emotion, Mood, and Traits of Character

Peter Goldie

in The Emotions: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253043
eISBN:
9780191597510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253048.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Emotion, mood, and character are entwined in a life narrative. Moods are intentional; drawing on Robert Musil's work on the emotions, it is argued that emotion and mood are distinguished by the ... More


Character and Personality: Connections between Positive Psychology and Personality Psychology

Erik E. Noftle, Sarah A. Schnitker, and Richard W. Robins

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter has three central aims. First, it examines the validity of the claim that mainstream psychology has neglected the study of positive character traits and argues that the field of ... More


Teleological Explanations of Actions

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

It is argued here that reference to the agent's purpose or purposes is essential to action explanations and that in fact the belief‐desire theory presupposes such purposes in any case. Action ... More


Character

Maria W. Merritt, John M. Doris, and Gilbert Harman

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Moral psychology is central to modern virtue ethics, whose proponents have claimed greater psychological realism as a theoretical advantage. Yet much empirical research in personality and social ... More


Prosecutorial Action and Value

Michelle Madden Dempsey

in Prosecuting Domestic Violence: A Philosophical Analysis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562169
eISBN:
9780191705298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562169.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter identifies various ways in which prosecutorial actions might relate to value and elaborates five kinds of value that prosecutorial action may have: (1) consequential value, the value ... More


Moral Philosophy Meets Social Psychology: Virtue Ethics and the Fundamental Attribution Error

Gilbert Harman

in Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Results in social psychology cast doubt on the existence of robust character traits of the sort that people normally take for granted, and the sort that virtue ethics must appeal to. We should try to ... More


Dispositions, Character Traits, and Virtues

Christian Miller

in Moral Character: An Empirical Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199674350
eISBN:
9780191760761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674350.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter does some preliminary conceptual work in order to clarify how terms such as ‘character traits,’ ‘dispositions,’ and ‘virtues’ will be used. Most important of all, by getting clearer ... More


Understanding ‘Virtue’ and the Virtue of Understanding

Wayne D. Riggs

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers an alternative to the standard success-oriented epistemological theories by arguing that the highest epistemic good is a state which includes much more than the achievement of ... More


Coping with Procrastination

Chrisoula Andreou

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter illustrates and analyzes an important coping strategy that has been neglected in the literature on procrastination: the leveraging strategy. Although one must know oneself quite well to ... More


The Conceptual Background

Christian Miller

in Character and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199674367
eISBN:
9780191760754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674367.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The goal of this book is to outline a framework for thinking about what moral character looks like today, and then apply that framework to a number of different topics in both psychology and ... More


Mixed Helping Traits

Christian Miller

in Moral Character: An Empirical Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199674350
eISBN:
9780191760761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674350.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The various helping studies in psychology seem to challenge the widespread possession of the virtue of compassion. That is a negative conclusion. But collectively these studies point in the direction ... More


Generalizing the Account

Christian Miller

in Moral Character: An Empirical Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199674350
eISBN:
9780191760761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674350.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by addressing a challenge to the proposal that comes from a rival psychological model of character and helping. Then section two sketches some of the aspects of the account of ... More


Rudiments of Virtue Ethics

Michael Slote

in From Morality to Virtue

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195093926
eISBN:
9780199833689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195093925.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Virtue ethics treats aretaic, as opposed to deontic, concepts as fundamental and focuses in the first instance on character traits or motives rather than actions. Virtue ethics also contrasts with ... More


Bios and Explanatory Unity in Aristotle's Biology

James G. Lennox

in Definition in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199564453
eISBN:
9780191721618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564453.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter discusses an issue raised in David Charles' Meaning and Essence in Aristotle, Chapter 12: can the intimate relationship between definition and explanation that Aristotle defends in the ... More


Moral Character: An Empirical Theory

Christian B. Miller

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199674350
eISBN:
9780191760761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674350.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most of our friends, colleagues, and even family members are not virtuous people. They do not have virtues such as compassion, honesty, or courage. But at the same time, they are not vicious people ... More


Character: New Directions from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology

Christian B. Miller, R. Michael Furr, Angela Knobel, and William Fleeson (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190204600
eISBN:
9780190204624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204600.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This book contains new work on character from the perspectives of philosophy, theology, and psychology. From a virtual reality simulation of the Milgram shock experiments, to understanding the virtue ... More


View: