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Craving Earth: Understanding Pica--the Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk

Sera Young

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231146098
eISBN:
9780231517898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231146098.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book provides a portrait of pica, or non-food cravings, from earliest times to current times. It explains how humans have eaten earth, on purpose, for more than 2,300 years and that people also ... More


The Phocian Chalk Raid of the Thessalian Camp Circa 490

David A. Blome

in Greek Warfare beyond the Polis: Defense, Strategy, and the Making of Ancient Federal States

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781501747526
eISBN:
9781501747625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501747526.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the Phocian Chalk Raid of the Thessalian camp circa 490, the most illustrative example of the Phocians' collective capabilities during the late Archaic and early classical ... More


Frameworks for Europe’s Past

T. Douglas Price

in Europe before Rome: A Site-by-Site Tour of the Stone, Bronze, and Iron Ages

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199914708
eISBN:
9780197563267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199914708.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

This book is about the prehistoric archaeology of Europe—the lives and deaths of peoples and cultures—about how we became human; the rise of hunters; the birth and growth of society; the emergence ... More


Site Selection and Soil Preparation

Robert E. White

in Soils for Fine Wines

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195141023
eISBN:
9780197561768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195141023.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

At the Pine Ridge winery in Napa Valley, California, a sign lists six essential steps in wine production. The first step reads . . . Determine the site—prepare the land, terrace the slopes for ... More


Soil and Wine

Robert E. White

in Soils for Fine Wines

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195141023
eISBN:
9780197561768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195141023.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

The concept of terroir as a complex interaction among soil, climate, biology, and human intervention is introduced in section 1.1. The belief that the soil in a par­ticular vineyard imparts a ... More


Moments of the Flow Variables, Part II : The Effective Conductivity

Yoram Rubin

in Applied Stochastic Hydrogeology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195138047
eISBN:
9780197561676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195138047.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Many applications require primary information such as average fluxes as a prelude to more complex calculations. In water balance calculations one may be interested only in the average fluxes. For ... More


Vineyards and the Mists of Geological Time

Alex Maltman

in Vineyards, Rocks, and Soils: The Wine Lover's Guide to Geology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190863289
eISBN:
9780197559871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190863289.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

Geological time is much mentioned in the wine world. Many a label proclaims the geological age of the rocks and soils in which the vines were growing; many a vineyard description enthuses about ... More


Sea-level changes

Tony Hallam

in Catastrophes and Lesser Calamities: The causes of mass extinctions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198524977
eISBN:
9780191916434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198524977.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Historical Geology

In earlier times many geologists clearly became cynical about what they had learned as students about Earth history from their stratigraphy courses. ‘The sea comes in, the sea goes out.’ This is ... More


What Makes a Healthy Soil?

Robert E. White

in Understanding Vineyard Soils

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199342068
eISBN:
9780197562871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199342068.003.0004
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

Soil scientists used to speak of soil quality, a concept expressing a soil’s “fitness for purpose.” The prime purpose was for agriculture and the production of food and fiber. However, to the ... More


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