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US Retailing and its Global Diffusion

Misha Petrovic

in The Market Makers: How Retailers are Reshaping the Global Economy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199590179
eISBN:
9780191724893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590179.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

In this chapter, Misha Petrovic addresses the globalization of US retailers, as both buyers of goods from suppliers and sellers of goods to consumers around the world. First tracing the history of ... More


 Finitely Repeated Games

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter presents examples of finitely repeated perfect-monitoring games of the type in which reputation arguments were first introduced, including the prisoners’ dilemma with a tit-for-tat ... More


 Seeking Refinement

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter offers a critical review of attempts to refine the idea of a Nash equilibrium. It begins by reiterating the arguments against a naïve interpretation of subgame-perfect equilibria using ... More


Machines for Selling

Shane Hamilton

in Supermarket USA: Food and Power in the Cold War Farms Race

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300232691
eISBN:
9780300240849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300232691.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The first chapter maps out the power structures of midcentury American supermarketing, exposing the essential lie of the notion that supermarkets were mere products of “free enterprise.” The focus is ... More


Main Street, U.S.A.

in Modernizing Main Street: Architecture and Consumer Culture in the New Deal

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226218007
eISBN:
9780226218021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226218021.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the 1920s, Main Street faced increasing competition from chain and independent retailers operating out of new and expanded buildings. Though local chambers of commerce and merchant associations ... More


Reluctant Capitalists: Bookselling and the Culture of Consumption

Laura J. Miller

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226525907
eISBN:
9780226525921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226525921.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Organizations

Over the past half-century, bookselling, like many retail industries, has evolved from an arena dominated by independent bookstores to one in which chain stores have significant market share. And as ... More


The Role of Retail: Chains National, Regional, and Industry Results

Ronald S. Jarmin, Shawn D. Klimek, and Javier Miranda

in Producer Dynamics: New Evidence from Micro Data

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226172569
eISBN:
9780226172576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226172576.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter addresses the entry and exit of establishments and firms in the U.S. retail sector based on analysis of the Census Bureau's newly developed Longitudinal Business Database (LBD). It ... More


Charles E. Merrill: 1885–1956: The People’s Capitalist

Edward Morris

in Wall Streeters: The Creators and Corruptors of American Finance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170543
eISBN:
9780231540506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170543.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The chapter describes the life of Charles Merrill and the formation of Merrill Lynch.


Equilibrium in Extensive Form Games

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Equilibrium in extensive form games is considered. Covers Nash equilibrium, perfect equilibrium, sequential equilibrium, and perfect Bayesian equilibrium. The classic chain store paradox example is ... More


The Politics of Local Retailing

David J. Hess

in Localist Movements in a Global Economy: Sustainability, Justice, and Urban Development in the United States

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012645
eISBN:
9780262255486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012645.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the type of localism that is organized as a movement in support of locally owned businesses and the politics of local retailing. It analyzes case studies of reuse centers as a ... More


Food Cooperatives before the Great Depression

Anne Meis Knupfer

in Food Co-ops in America: Communities, Consumption, and Economic Democracy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451140
eISBN:
9780801467714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451140.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the practices and ideologies of food co-ops established prior to the Great Depression. Before the Civil War, most buying clubs and food co-ops were formed by workingmen's ... More


Avoiding the Middleman

Susan V. Spellman

in Cornering the Market: Independent Grocers and Innovation in American Small Business

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199384273
eISBN:
9780190495503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199384273.003.0005
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter contends that the turn-of-the-twentieth-century grocery trade’s seemingly outmoded distribution chain was at the time the most efficient method for moving goods. It was, by standards ... More


Introduction: Corner Store Folklore

Susan V. Spellman

in Cornering the Market: Independent Grocers and Innovation in American Small Business

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199384273
eISBN:
9780190495503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199384273.003.0001
Subject:
History, Economic History

Historians generally have attributed Gilded Age America's modernizing impulses to large-scale, industrial firms. In so doing, they have overlooked the countless small-scale intermediaries and ... More


What Can the Price Gap between Branded and Private-Label Products Tell Us about Markups?

Robert Barsky, Mark Bergen, Shantanu Dutta, and Daniel Levy

in Scanner Data and Price Indexes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226239651
eISBN:
9780226239668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226239668.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter utilizes an original data set that combines retail and wholesale data for a grocery store chain. The nature of manufacturing by copackers and its implications for marginal costs is then ... More


The Realm of the Retailer

Richard Harris

in Building a Market: The Rise of the Home Improvement Industry, 1914-1960

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226317663
eISBN:
9780226317687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226317687.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As suppliers of the single most important building material, local retail lumber dealers were in the best position to address the growing interest in home improvements, and were able to offer ... More


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