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IDEAL CHAIN MODELS

Glenn H. Fredrickson

in The Equilibrium Theory of Inhomogeneous Polymers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567295
eISBN:
9780191717956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567295.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses elementary statistical mechanical models of ideal chains, i.e., polymers in isolation and not experiencing interactions with other polymers. Freely jointed and bead-spring ... More


REPRINT DYNAMICS OF CONCENTRATED POLYMER SYSTEMS PART 2.—MOLECULAR MOTION UNDER FLOW

M. Doi and S. F. Edwards

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The primitive chain model presented in Part 1 is extended here to the case in which the system is macroscopically deformed. The molecular expression of the stress due to the primitive chain is given, ... More


REPRINT THE THEORY OF RUBBER ELASTICITY

R. T. Deam and S. F. Edwards

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter reprints a paper which attempts to improve upon several weaknesses in the classical theories of rubber elasticity. It develops a formulation of the statistical thermodynamics of ... More


Functional Divergence after Gene Duplication: Statistical Modeling

Xun Gu

in Statistical Theory and Methods for Evolutionary Genomics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199213269
eISBN:
9780191594762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213269.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Many organisms have undergone genome-wide or local chromosome duplication events during their evolution. As a result, many genes are represented as several paralogs in the genome with related but ... More


Models of amino acid and codon substitution

ZIHENG YANG

in Computational Molecular Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 1 discussed continuous-time Markov chain models of nucleotide substitution and their application to estimate the distance between two nucleotide sequences. This chapter discusses similar ... More


Intermolecular Effects: II. Constraints along Network Chains

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

In the constrained-junction model presented in chapter 3, intermolecular correlations were assumed to suppress the fluctuations of junctions. According to this model, the elastic free energy of a ... More


Neutral and adaptive protein evolution

Ziheng Yang

in Molecular Evolution: A Statistical Approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199602605
eISBN:
9780191782251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602605.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces the major theories of molecular evolution, such as the neutral theory, the nearly neutral theory, and the selectionist theory. It discusses the major neutrality tests designed ... More


Automatization and Sound Change

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

in Changing Minds Changing Tools: From Learning Theory to Language Acquisition to Language Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262037860
eISBN:
9780262346313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037860.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews research on automatization, both in the domain of action execution and in the domain of perception / comprehension. In comprehension, automatization is argued to lead to ... More


Ionic Channels

Christof Koch

in Biophysics of Computation: Information Processing in Single Neurons

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104912
eISBN:
9780197562338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139853.003.0014
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In the previous chapters, we studied the spread of the membrane potential in passive or active neuronal structures and the interaction among two or more synaptic inputs. We have yet to give a full ... More


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