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Dispositional Essentialism at the Laws of Nature

Alexander Bird

in Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter commences with the claim — which originates with Shoemaker — that fundamental natural properties are potencies, i.e., they have dispositional essences. Following Swoyer, it is explained ... More


Ceteris Paribus and Extrapolation

Daniel P. Steel

in Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter further develops the mechanisms approach to extrapolation begun in chapter 5 and explores its relevance to the hotly debated issue of ceteris paribus laws. It argues that the ... More


Causation and Mental Causation

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Causation and Mental Causation” examines the interplay between the problem of mental causation and the various concepts of causation. Descartes' problem of explaining how immaterial souls could ... More


The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Wolfgang Spohn

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Ranking theory will be claimed to deliver the first full account of the dynamics of belief and to be the legitimate sister of probability theory. This entails its deep significance for fundamental ... More


Causing Actions

Paul M. Pietroski

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252763
eISBN:
9780191598234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252769.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

When a person acts for a reason, mental events have causal effects. This makes it tempting, given various metaphysical considerations, to identify each (human) mental event with some biochemical ... More


CP Laws, Reduction, and Explanatory Pluralism *

Peter Lipton

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the relationships between the notions of reduction, reductive explanation, and ceteris paribus laws. It observes that there could be a presumption in favour of reductive ... More


The Consequence Argument and Determinism

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Michael Huemer’s version of the incompatibilist consequence argument as applied to decisions is shown to require supplementation by a premise stating that decisions supervene on physical states. ... More


Philosophy of Economics

Mikaël Cozic

in The Philosophy of Science: A Companion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190690649
eISBN:
9780190690670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190690649.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Although there are no doubts regarding the impact of economics in society and politics, doubts regarding its epistemological status endure. Does economics provide us with bona fide empirical ... More


Abstract and Concrete

Nancy Cartwright

in Nature's Capacities and Their Measurement

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235071
eISBN:
9780191597169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235070.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Modern science relies heavily on Galilean idealization, which establishes ceteris paribus laws—laws about what happens when a factor operates unimpeded. But these laws are of little direct use since ... More


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