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Smoking and cervical neoplasia

Maribel Almonte, Anne Szarewski, and and Jack Cuzick

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and cervical cancer. Epidemiologic evidence strongly links smoking with squamous cell cervical cancer and high-grade cervical intraepithelial ... More


Cervical Cancer

Rolando Herrero and Raul Murillo

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0048
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide, with more than 500,000 cases and 250,000 deaths per year. The disease is characterized by marked regional differences, with more ... More


HPV, Cancer, and Beyond: The Anatomy of a Triumph

Geoffrey C. Kabat

in Getting Risk Right: Understanding the Science of Elusive Health Risks

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231166461
eISBN:
9780231542852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166461.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

For over one hundred years, cervical cancer has presented a conundrum. In the 1960s and 1970s most virologists believed that herpes simplex virus-2 caused the disease. However, based clinical and ... More


Immunization and the Hpv Vaccine

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine has the potential to significantly reduce the incidence of cervical cancer in women who receive the vaccine before they are sexually active and thus become at ... More


Cervical Cancer

Karin Sundström, Joakim Dillner, and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190676827
eISBN:
9780190676858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide, with at least half a million women developing the disease each year. This chapter details the significance of infection with ... More


Avoiding mixed messages: HPV vaccines and the ‘cure’ for cervical cancer

Alison Hann and Stephen Peckham

in Public health ethics and practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421029
eISBN:
9781447303114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421029.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the evidence base for the policy of a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme for the prevention of cervical cancer. It addresses the ethical dilemmas associated with ... More


 “This Little Operation”: Jewish American Physicians and Twentieth‐Century Circumcision Advocacy

Leonard B. Glick

in Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195176742
eISBN:
9780199835621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517674X.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

During the 20th century, circumcision became increasingly popular, promoted as protection against cancer of the penis, prostate, and cervix. Although Jewish-American physicians were especially ... More


Gynaecological cancer

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter covers the most prevalent types of gynaecological cancer, including the universally recognized symptoms and treatment of such diseases. It begins with cervical cancer, which is the third ... More


Community-Based Participatory Research Studies on Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening

Steven S. Coughlin, Emily Youngblom, and Deborah J. Bowen

in Handbook of Community-Based Participatory Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190652234
eISBN:
9780190662738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190652234.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides an overview of the public health significance of breast and cervical cancer. It discusses disparities in incidence and mortality rates according to race, ethnicity, urban versus ... More


The assessment and management of advanced cancer of the cervix

Claire Versehraegen, Harriet O. Smith, Luis Padilla-paz, Sri G. Gorty, Ben Liem, Evelyne Loyer, and Harmeet Kaur

in Palliative Care Consultations in Gynaeoncology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528067
eISBN:
9780191730351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528067.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Across the world, carcinoma of the uterine cervix is one of the most common malignancies in women, and one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality. In spite of the availability of ... More


Timing Is Everything

Handel Reynolds

in The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines three principal movements that set the stage for the auspicious debut of the process of mammography screening. First, the passage of the National Cancer Act of 1971 provided ... More


Gynaecological Oncology

Sambit Mukhopadhyay and Medha Sule (eds)

in Tasks for Part 3 MRCOG Clinical Assessment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198757122
eISBN:
9780191917035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198757122.003.0023
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

abstract This task assesses the following clinical skills: • Patient safety • Communication with patients and their relatives • Information gathering • Applied clinical knowledge Your consultant has ... More


Initiators, Controllers, and Influencers: Enacting Patient Advocacy Roles in Cervical Cancer Screening Policy Practices

Lisa Lindén

in Healthcare Activism: Markets, Morals, and the Collective Good

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198865223
eISBN:
9780191897603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865223.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

This chapter looks at how patient advocates have intervened in cervical cancer policies to promote and enact the HPV test as the new “right tool for the job” in cervical cancer screening. By drawing ... More


Cancer Screening

Jennifer M. Croswell, Russell P. Harris, and Barnett S. Kramer

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0063
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Screening has long been portrayed as an inherently beneficial activity that saves lives, rather than as a complex mixture of potential benefits and harms that must be carefully weighed for each ... More


Susan Mulroney: A Private Matter

David Barnard, Patricia Boston R.N., Anna Towers, and Yanna Lambrinidou

in Crossing Over: Narratives of Palliative Care

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195123432
eISBN:
9780199999835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195123432.003.0018
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter discusses the case of Susan Mulroney, a school teacher who considered herself a very private person. Although she enjoyed having friends and a caring family, Ms. Mulroney heavily guarded ... More


Cancer Survival Is (Mostly) Improving

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0070
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses how the 5-year survival rates for the most common cancers in the United States improved by nearly 20% since the 1970s. While promising overall, low survival rates persist for ... More


Vaccines for Adolescents and Teens

Paul A. Offit and Charlotte A. Moser

in Vaccines and Your Child: Separating Fact from Fiction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153072
eISBN:
9780231526715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153072.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents vaccines for adolescents and teens. Meningococcus is a bacterium that causes two serious infections: meningitis, an infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord; and ... More


Hep C, Pap Smears, and Basic Care: Justice Now and the Right to Family

Johanna Hoffman

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0045
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Every woman enters prison with gender-specific health concerns, and many enter with already compromised health. Uniquely affected by imprisonment, many women establish health problems or experience ... More


Strategies for Primary and Secondary Prevention of HIV Transmission

Sami Khalife, Mary Ann Cohen, and Harold W. Goforth

in Handbook of AIDS Psychiatry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195372571
eISBN:
9780197562666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195372571.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Since HIV disease was first recognized three decades ago, numerous efforts have been made to prevent its continued transmission. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that ... More


Risk Perception and Probability

Sara E. Gorman and Jack M. Gorman

in Denying to the Grave: Why We Ignore the Facts That Will Save Us

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199396603
eISBN:
9780197563007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199396603.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

Each day, when you take your morning shower, you face a 1 in 1,000 chance of serious injury or even death from a fall. You might at first think that each time you get into the shower your chance of ... More


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