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Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book is an exploration of the relation between knowledge, reasons, and justification. According to the primary argument of the book, you can rely on what you know in action and belief, because ... More


Determining the Advertising Budget

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how the firm should coordinate its advertising decisions with the other elements of the marketing mix such as price and promotion, especially when demand is uncertain. It shows how ... More


Caveats

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter summarizes the many empirical theories and methods involved in this second-philosophical account of logical truth: the KF-structuring of (much of) the world, the experimental paradigms ... More


Are You Alone Wise?: The Search for Certainty in the Early Modern Era

Susan Schreiner

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195313420
eISBN:
9780199897292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313420.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Theology

In present-day America, the topic of certitude is much debated. On one side, commentators like Charles Krauthammer urge us to achieve “moral clarity”. On the other, those like George Will contend ... More


Measuring Advertising Productivity

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter begins by evaluating methods for determining how productive the firm's aggregate advertising spending is in both the short and long runs. Following this, it analyzes methods for ... More


How Should the Firm Compensate Its Sales Force? The Basic Model

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how the firm should design sales force compensation plans to maximize its performance. It distinguishes whether or not the firm can observe the salesperson's effort. It shows how ... More


Choosing Marketing Policy in the Short Run

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter introduces key financial tools necessary for understanding Fusion for Profit. This chapter shows how different ownership structures (i.e., whether the firm is publicly or privately held) ... More


The Difficulty about Proof beyond Reasonable Doubt

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents an elaboration on the difficulty about proof beyond reasonable doubt. It is more inclined to hold that a particular conclusion falls short of certainty because there is a ... More


Ignorance: A Case for Scepticism

Peter Unger

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244172
eISBN:
9780191711473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues for the thesis of universal ignorance, i.e., for the claim that nobody can ever know anything. To this effect, puts forward versions of the classical Cartesian argument for skepticism as well ... More


 The Endless Quest and Perfect Knowledge: Searching and Certainty

Terryl C. Givens

in People of Paradox: A History of Mormon Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167115
eISBN:
9780199785599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167115.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Joseph built the church on the foundation of dialogic revelation, physical artifacts, testable historical claims, and the promise of spiritual certainty. Truth claims are absolute and categorical. At ... More


The Supporting Arguments

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The leading arguments supporting the existence of a priori knowledge fall into three broad categories: conceptual arguments, which offer an analysis of the concept of a priori knowledge and maintain ... More


Medical Ethnomusicology and the Ontology of Oneness

Benjamin D Koen

in Beyond the Roof of the World: Music, Prayer, and Healing in the Pamir Mountains

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195367744
eISBN:
9780199867295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367744.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Chapter 1 sets a new paradigm of research and applied practice based on the ontology of oneness; introduces medical ethnomusicology; lays a foundation for the study of music, health, and healing ... More


Human Certainty Principle, of Science, Spirituality, and Experience

Benjamin D Koen

in Beyond the Roof of the World: Music, Prayer, and Healing in the Pamir Mountains

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195367744
eISBN:
9780199867295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367744.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Chapter 7 builds upon the concepts of unity and oneness, and the dynamics of balance and vibration, to frame the roles that music, sound, prayer, breath, movement, and meditation play in ... More


Enacting Judgment: Dismantling the Divine Certainty of Sir Robert Filmer

Douglas John Casson

in Liberating Judgment: Fanatics, Skeptics, and John Locke's Politics of Probability

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144740
eISBN:
9781400836888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144740.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers how Locke's extensive attack on Robert Filmer in the First Treatise is just one part of his larger political project of recoining a language of probable judgment. The specific ... More


 Religion, Identity, and Moral Logics

James K. Wellman Jr.

in Evangelical vs. Liberal: The Clash of Christian Cultures in the Pacific Northwest

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195300116
eISBN:
9780199868742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300116.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents the theory of moral worldviews of each subculture; moral worldviews are not instrumental but organic — more like onions than tools. Each moral worldview has multiple layers, ... More


 Religion, Ideology, and Belief

James K. Wellman Jr.

in Evangelical vs. Liberal: The Clash of Christian Cultures in the Pacific Northwest

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195300116
eISBN:
9780199868742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300116.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In this chapter the natural history of religious ideology is examined relative to each groups' view on Jesus Christ, the Bible, and epistemology. Ideology is a neutral term meaning the way in which ... More


THE OXFORD CONTEXT OF WYCLIF’S THOUGHT

Stephen E. Lahey

in John Wyclif

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183313
eISBN:
9780199870349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183313.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Wyclif’s philosophical thought followed a period of remarkable innovation in the history of medieval philosophy, when the Ockhamist movement challenged the Aristotelian synthesis of Thomist and ... More


Linear Quadratic Approximations: An Introduction

Javier Díaz‐Giménez

in Computational Methods for the Study of Dynamic Economies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248278
eISBN:
9780191596605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248273.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This is a brief introduction to dynamic programming and the method of using linear quadratic (LQ) approximations to the return function; the method is an approximation because it computes the ... More


Certainty: Psychological, Moral, and Metaphysical

Edwin Curley

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines Peter Markie's book, “Descartes Gambit,” Edwin Curley's work titled “Descartes Against the Skeptics” and the exchange of criticisms between the two works. The “gambit” Markie ... More


Examination of Willing or of Duty

Krishnachandra Bhattacharyya

in Implications of the Philosophy of Kant: Kantadarsaner Tatparyya

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077336
eISBN:
9780199081530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077336.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the concept of free will and the idea of causa noumenon, which is an individual with free will. It notes that it is the concept of the free self that makes up the basis of ... More


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