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White Matter Hyperintensities in Aging and Dementia

Adriane Mayda, Mitsuhiro Yoshita, and Charles DeCarli

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Both advancing age and cognitive impairment are associated with increased prevalence of various brain diseases, with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) being the most common. ... More


Ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease mortality trends with special reference to England and Wales; are there cohort effects?

Diana Kuh and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

It is widely believed that trends in ischemic heart disease (IHD) death rates in many countries have risen to a synchronized peak at every age and then declined. This has been taken as evidence that ... More


Vascular cognitive impairment

John Bowler

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is a relatively new term intended to encompass and replace the older concept of vascular dementia (VaD). Put simply, VCI refers to cognitive impairment of any ... More


Vascular Cognitive Impairment

Victor Wasserman, Sheina Emrani, Emily Matusz, Catherine C. Price, Melissa Lamar, Rodney A. Swenson, Kenneth M. Heilman, and David J. Libon

in Vascular Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, and Mild Cognitive Impairment: Advancing an Integrated Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190634230
eISBN:
9780190634254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634230.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The term vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) was introduced and designed to encompass the broad spectrum of neurocognitive deficits attributable to cerebrovascular disease, including cerebral ... More


Vascular disease

Kenneth J. Mukamal

in Alcohol: Science, Policy and Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199655786
eISBN:
9780191757082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0031
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the link between alcohol consumption and vascular diseases. These include hypertension, cerebrovascular disease (including ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke), peripheral ... More


Brain Structural Alterations Common to Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors and Alzheimer’s Dementia: Implications for Connectomics and Cognition

Melissa Lamar, Elizabeth A. Boots, Konstantinos Arfanakis, Lisa L. Barnes, and Julie A. Schneider

in Vascular Disease, Alzheimer's Disease, and Mild Cognitive Impairment: Advancing an Integrated Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190634230
eISBN:
9780190634254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634230.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Over 3,000 publications exist demonstrating that cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVD-RFs) are associated with alterations of brain structure associated with aging and dementia. Using similar ... More


Mortality and Morbidity in Modern Wars, I: Civil Populations

Matthew Smallman-Raynor and Andrew Cliff

in War Epidemics: An Historical Geography of Infectious Diseases in Military Conflict and Civil Strife, 1850-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233640
eISBN:
9780191916489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233640.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

In this chapter, we examine the time trends that have occurred in the causes of morbidity and mortality in civil populations over the last century and a half. Particular attention is paid to the ... More


U.S. Associated Micronesia: Pacific Smoke Inhalation Case Study Number 2

Mac Marshall

in Drinking Smoke: The Tobacco Syndemic in Oceania

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836856
eISBN:
9780824871123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836856.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter enumerates “smoking diseases” in Micronesia. Diseases of the heart and the cardiovascular system take a heavy toll in the place. They were the leading cause of death on Palau between ... More


Background

J. Eric Ahlskog

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199977567
eISBN:
9780197563342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199977567.003.0005
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Neurology

This book has a combined focus on two neurodegenerative conditions: dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson’s disease with dementia. While patients with either disorder experience quite variable ... More


Late-Life Depression: Translating Neurobiological Hypotheses into Novel Treatments

George S. Alexopoulos and Robert E. Kelly

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking Cognitive and Cerebral Aging

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199372935
eISBN:
9780190662264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199372935.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A model of late life depression is presented that is based on three hypotheses which have been thoroughly investigated by the authors. The first hypothesis suggests late-life depression is ... More


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