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Paul Broca: Cortical Localization and Cerebral Dominance

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud was the most ardent supporter of cortical localization in the cerebral cortex during the second quarter of the 19th century. He found support from his son-in-law Simon ... More


Side Bias: Cerebral Hemispheric Asymmetry in Social Cognition and Emotion Perception

Kimberley R. Savage, Joan C. Borod, and Lorraine O. Ramig

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter characterizes the nature of the hemispheric biases in social cognition. This includes both description and discussion of the literature examining the extent of hemispheric specialization ... More


Towards a unified view of cerebral hemispheric specializations in vertebrates

Peter F. Macneilage

in Comparative Neuropsychology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter can be regarded as a sequel to George Ettlinger's 1984 paper, ‘Humans, apes and monkeys: the changing neuropsychological viewpoint’. He noted that in 1963 ‘there was no evidence for ... More


Principles of Organization

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter provides an overview of the organization of the different cortical layers, the general principles of organization of the fiber tracts, and a conceptual approach to the major functional ... More


Neurological Models

Bryan Kolb

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0042
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter examines some of the most well-developed models of human neurological disorders that involve the cerebral hemispheres. It discusses cortical organization in rats and models of ... More


Interhemispheric transfer following partial commissurotomy in humans and monkeys

Madeline J. Eacott

in Comparative Neuropsychology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The size and prominent position of the corpus callosum in the brain led to it being one of the earliest structures to be investigated. While much progress has been made since that time in ... More


Thomas Willis: The Functional Organization of the Brain

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Thomas Willis was born in England twenty-five years after the birth of René Descartes. Willis can be considered the first of the new breed of medical physiologists who were more influenced by ... More


Dissociable deficits after brain injury

Andrew W. Young, F. Newcombe, E.H.F. de Hann, M. Small, and D.C. Hay

in Face and Mind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524205
eISBN:
9780191689161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524205.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Current theoretical models of face perception postulate separate routes for processing information needed in the recognition of a familiar face, for matching photographs of unfamiliar faces, and for ... More


Intracerebral Evoked Potentials in Pitch Perception Reveal a Functional Asymmetry of Human Auditory Cortex

Catherine LiéGeois-Chauvel, Kimberly Giraud, Jean-Michel Badier, Patrick Marquis, and Patrick Chauvel

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter examines the tonotopic organization of the human auditory cortex using intracerebrally recorded evoked potentials studied as a function of the anatomical recording site. The sensitivity ... More


The Unity Puzzle

Elizabeth Schechter

in Self-Consciousness and "Split" Brains: The Minds' I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809654
eISBN:
9780191846922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809654.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the major philosophical debate about the split-brain phenomenon. Split-brain surgery severs the major white matter fiber tract connecting the two cerebral hemispheres. A ... More


Musical Sound Processing: EEG and MEG Evidence

Mari Tervaniemi

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter provides a discussion on the evidence on musical sound processing. Data acquired in the mismatch negativity (MMN) paradigm have shown that temporally and spectrally complex sounds as ... More


Music, Speech, and Handedness: How Being Left-Handed or Right-Handed Can Make a Difference

Diana Deutsch

in Musical Illusions and Phantom Words: How Music and Speech Unlock Mysteries of the Brain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190206833
eISBN:
9780190056568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190206833.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Music Psychology

Chapter 1 reviews the history of thought concerning specialization of function in the brain, particularly regarding speech and music. This history begins in the nineteenth century with the work of ... More


Developmental Vitamin D Deficiency as a Risk Factor for Schizophrenia

Xiaoying Cui, Darryl W. Eyles, Thomas H. J. Burne, and John J. Mcgrath

in The Origins of Schizophrenia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151245
eISBN:
9780231521925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151245.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses developmental vitamin D (DVD) deficiency as a potential risk factor for schizophrenia. Over the last decade, evidence has accumulated demonstrating that vitamin D plays an ... More


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