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Marian Cleeves Diamond

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Marian Cleeves Diamond. Diamond's laboratory has three major scientific contributions: One, the structural components of the cerebral cortex can be altered ... More


Functional topography of sensory and motor areas

O.D. Creutzfeldt

in Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Each area of the cerebral cortex receives most of its afferent fibres from one specific projection nucleus of the thalamus. The topographical organization of this thalamocortical projection is such ... More


Conclusions

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0029
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts. It shows that all fiber pathways are precisely arranged into bundles that link specific brain regions, and in many instances there is topographical ... More


Introduction

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the lack of information on the fiber pathways that link the different components of the distributed neural system. It argues that understanding ... More


Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Joaquín M. Fuster

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book explores whether the mental order corresponds to the order of structures, events, and processes in one part of the neural order, namely, the cerebral cortex. For clarity and simplicity, ... More


Tangential Cell Movements During Early Telencephalic Development

Juan A. De Carlos and Fernando García-Moreno

in From Development to Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195369007
eISBN:
9780199865253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369007.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter discusses the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which neurons are generated from the ventricular zone in the forebrain and migrate to their destinations in the cerebral cortex. Topics ... More


Radial Glial Cells: Scaffolding for Cortical Development and Evolution

Pasko Rakic

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0031
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

Radial glial cells derive from the neuroepithelial cells during restricted developmental periods in most regions of the vertebrate brain. The diversity of functions and the variety of morphogenetic ... More


Edward Jones

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Jones' work on the structure and function of the central nervous system is distinguished by enormous breadth and scope, both intellectually and technically. He has made seminal contributions to ... More


Neural Circuits: Cortical Columns and Cortical Processing

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details notable discoveries about neural circuits in the 1950s. The decade was a golden age of discovery in the cerebral cortex, witnessing the first steps by the pioneers pushing their ... More


Neuropathology of Aging

Dara L. Dickstein, John H. Morrison, and Patrick R. Hof

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by extensive, yet selective, neuron death in the cerebral neocortex leading to dramatic decline in cognitive abilities and memory. A more modest disruption ... More


Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

O. D. Creutzfeldt

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The cortex continues to be the subject of intense scientific curiosity, as it has been for the past thirty years. It is the most highly developed part of the brain, yet the youngest in evolutionary ... More


Neocortex

RODNEY DOUGLAS, HENRY MARKRAM, and KEVAN MARTIN

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter focuses on the structure and function of the microcircuits of the neocortex and their components. Topics covered include embryonic development, neuronal elements, synaptic connections, ... More


Cell Death

Stevens K. Rehen and Jerold J.M. Chun

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The importance of cell death in the formation of the central nervous system has become well established over the past several decades. Understanding cell death in the developing brain is one of the ... More


Phylogenetic, ontogenetic, and functional development of the cerebral cortex

O.D. Creutzfeldt

in Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

All vertebrates have a structure corresponding to a cerebral cortex. It covers the subcortical regions of the telencephalon, hence the term pallidum cerebri. In reptiles and fish the homologue of the ... More


David Ferrier and Eduard Hitzig: The Experimentalists Map the Cerebral Cortex

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

At the Seventh International Medical Congress held in London late in the summer of 1881, two individuals with contrasting ideas about brain physiology presented their experimental findings and ... More


Functional Architecture of the Cognit

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter examines the structural characteristics of a cognit, that is, the morphological feature of the cognitive networks of the cerebral cortex. Knowledge about oneself and the environment is ... More


Mechanisms of Ethanol-Induced Alterations in Neuronal Migration

Julie A. Siegenthaler and Michael W. Miller

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Neuronal migration is the process by which postmitotic neurons translocate from their birthplace in proliferative zones to the appropriate target structure where the neurons integrate into the ... More


Vernon B. Mountcastle

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Vernon B. Mountcastle. Mountcastle discovered the columnar organization of cerebral cortex. He pioneered the neurophysiological study of primary sensory ... More


Language

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Language is the ultimate source and product of civilization, Curiously, even though neurolinguistics is still in its infancy, language is the first cognitive function to have been “localized” in the ... More


Intelligence

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Among the five cognitive functions, intelligence is the most complex and the most difficult to define. The complexity derives from the close relationships between intelligence and all other four ... More


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