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Income Distribution Summary Measures

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Formulas for computing the most commonly used summary measure of income distribution are given. These include the mean, median, and mode. The methodology for computing shares of total income obtained ... More


A Mean for All Seasons

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A common research agenda for psychologists is to establish the empirical connection between stimulus and response. Response variability often threatens to obscure the connection. To surmount that ... More


High-level Pattern Coding Revealed by Brief Shape Aftereffects

Satoru Suzuki

in Fitting the Mind to the World: Adaptation and After-Effects in High-Level Vision

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529699
eISBN:
9780191689697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529699.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines a hierarchy of shape coding. At low levels of the visual system, it proposes that form is coded using central-tendency coding, with the form of a feature signalled by the ... More


Descriptive Statistical Methods

Karen A. Randolph and Laura L. Myers

in Basic Statistics in Multivariate Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199764044
eISBN:
9780199332533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764044.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter 2 provides a review of descriptive statistical methods commonly used in social science research. First, the authors consider the steps involved in defining the variables used in a study, and ... More


Central Tendencies and Individual Organisms

in Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores an interpretation of the principle of natural selection that will sustain the antireductionist's claim. It considers the holistic “central-tendencies” interpretation of the ... More


Empirical Research on Honor Killing

Robert Paul Churchill

in Women in the Crossfire: Understanding and Ending Honor Killing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190468569
eISBN:
9780190468590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190468569.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter analyzes relevant quantitative and qualitative research on honor killings. It includes an original empirical study—the Churchill-Holmes study—of 200 incidents from 28 countries and ... More


Descriptive Analysis

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

Descriptive statistics allow researchers to use numbers to begin to tell the stories that exist in their data. This chapter presents an overview of the basic statistical tools researchers can use to ... More


Making deeper insights part 1: Working with single variables

Owen L. Petchey, Andrew P. Beckerman, Natalie Cooper, and Dylan Z. Childs

in Insights from Data with R: An Introduction for the Life and Environmental Sciences

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198849810
eISBN:
9780191884351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198849810.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Data analysis is not just about physically performing the analyses. We also need to think carefully about our data, and various issues that they might have. In this chapter, we explore conceptual ... More


Descriptive statistics

Aaron Williamon, Jane Ginsborg, Rosie Perkins, and George Waddell

in Performing Music Research: Methods in Music Education, Psychology, and Performance Science

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198714545
eISBN:
9780191883071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714545.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Music Psychology

Chapter 10 of Performing Music Research sets out the fundamental principles that underpin all statistics. Statistics must be used with care, and strict conditions govern their deployment, many of ... More


Statistics

James Carr

in An Introduction to Clinical Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199570072
eISBN:
9780191917868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199570072.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Clinical Medicine

Here, we’ll attempt to provide an introduction to what statistics are, some key concepts, and some of the more common tests used in clinical research. It is not a definitive chapter—whole books ... More


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