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The Evolution of Institutions and Policies

John Knight

in China's Remarkable Economic Growth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698691
eISBN:
9780191739118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698691.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Financial Economics

This chapter provides a brief economic history of the transition to a market economy in China. It begins in Section 3.2, with a brief account of the period of central planning. Section 3.3 examines ... More


The First Factor: Spatial Dynamics

Richard Kieckhefer

in Theology in Stone: Church Architecture From Byzantium to Berkeley

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195154665
eISBN:
9780199835676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154665.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The kinetic dynamism of a classic sacramental church, with its longitudinal space for processions, is exemplified by the design and the use of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. The tendency of ... More


Marxism and Democracy

Joseph V. Femia

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279211
eISBN:
9780191713842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279213.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The collapse of the Soviet Union apparently sounded the death knell for Marxism as a blueprint for social change. Why has this doctrine—the repository of so many hopes and dreams—failed in its grand ... More


Creating Market-Based Economies

Richard Pomfret

in The Central Asian Economies in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182216
eISBN:
9780691185408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182216.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter analyzes the first decade of Central Asia's independence and transition towards market-based economies. After December 1991, the new independent states had no alternative than to embark ... More


Introduction: Reconnecting Central Asia as the Crossroads of Eurasia

Richard Pomfret

in The Central Asian Economies in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182216
eISBN:
9780691185408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182216.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This introductory chapter provides an overview of Central Asia, after its five countries—Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan—became independent with the ... More


Why Market Socialism?

N. Scott Arnold

in The Philosophy and Economics of Market Socialism: A Critical Study

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195088274
eISBN:
9780199853014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195088274.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The dispute between capitalism and socialism is highlighted by the events in the late 1980s and beyond, which witnessed the repudiation of central planning. Though the reason for the repudiation ... More


Speer’s Appointment as Dictator of the German Economy: (September 13,1943)

Franz Neumann and Paul Sweezy

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter focuses on the appointment of Albert Speer as dictator of the German economy and the Reich Minister of Economics Walther Funk as a member of the Central Planning Board. Both appointments ... More


The Command System

Włodzimierz Brus and Kazimierz Laski

in From Marx to the Market: Socialism in Search of an Economic System

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283997
eISBN:
9780191596032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283997.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The economic system of ‘real socialism’ grew out of the discrepancy between the expected socialist attitudes of the population and the reality of dominating self‐interest. In the absence of properly ... More


The Welfare State in Post‐Communist Countries

Nicholas Barr

in The Welfare State as Piggy Bank: Information, Risk, Uncertainty, and the Role of the State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246595
eISBN:
9780191595936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246599.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Post‐communist transition has two central elements: a move from central planning to market forces and a move from totalitarian to more democratic government. Because of the resulting economic, ... More


The Theoretical Response to Challenge

Włodzimierz Brus and Kazimierz Laski

in From Marx to the Market: Socialism in Search of an Economic System

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283997
eISBN:
9780191596032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283997.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The idea of market‐less economic system of socialism began to be challenged already at the end of XIX century, but an all‐out attack on the concept came in the 1920s, associated with works of ... More


The Past, Present, and Future of Industrial Policy in India: Adapting to the Changing Domestic and International Environment

Ajit Singh

in Industrial Policy and Development: The Political Economy of Capabilities Accumulation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235261
eISBN:
9780191715617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235261.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In the post-World War II period, India was probably the first non-communist developing country to have instituted a fully-fledged industrial policy based on some form of central planning. The purpose ... More


The Hungarian Practice

Włodzimierz Brus and Kazimierz Laski

in From Marx to the Market: Socialism in Search of an Economic System

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283997
eISBN:
9780191596032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283997.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The first practical application of the idea of market socialism (but not necessarily along Lange's model) was made in early 1950s in Yugoslavia after the break with the Soviet Union, and in ... More


The Japanese Firm under the Wartime Planned Economy

Tetsuji Okazaki

in The Japanese Firm: Sources of Competitive Strength

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288152
eISBN:
9780191684579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288152.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter aims to stimulate discussion and research in the future by focusing on institutional changes taking place in a period that has been relatively ignored by researchers. The chapter points ... More


The Basic Facts

Olivier Blanchard

in The Economics of Post-Communist Transition

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293996
eISBN:
9780191595998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293992.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Chapter 1 sets the stage by reviewing the evidence on output, employment, productivity, unemployment, and investment for five Central European countries – the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, ... More


The Claim to Economic Rationality

Włodzimierz Brus and Kazimierz Laski

in From Marx to the Market: Socialism in Search of an Economic System

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283997
eISBN:
9780191596032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283997.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The chapter concentrates on presenting the Marxist claim that socialism surpasses its predecessor—capitalism—in terms of economic rationality. The basis for this rationality is to be provided by ... More


‘We are All Planners Now’

Daniel Ritschel

in The Politics of Planning: The Debate on Economic Planning in Britain in the 1930s

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206477
eISBN:
9780191677151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206477.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

This chapter discusses the challenges to the free market economy at the first onset of the Great Depression in the 1870s. It identifies that the most direct assault to the free market came from the ... More


The Limits of Autarchy in the Periphery: Trade, Planning, and East European Industrialization, 1946–1969

Besnik Pula

in Globalization Under and After Socialism: The Evolution of Transnational Capital in Central and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503605138
eISBN:
9781503605985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503605138.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter provides an historical overview of Central and Eastern Europe’s integration into the Soviet economic sphere and its effects on patterns of industrialization and trade. It is organized in ... More


National-Level Planning Institutions and Decision-Making in France

Gérard Marcou

in National-Level Planning in Democratic Countries: An International Comparison of City and Regional Policy-Making

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853238454
eISBN:
9781846313639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853238454.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses national-level planning in France. It begins with an analysis of the rise of the regional paradigm in French planning, and then reviews the Guidance Act on Spatial Planning and ... More


Information Problems

Nicholas Barr

in The Welfare State as Piggy Bank: Information, Risk, Uncertainty, and the Role of the State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246595
eISBN:
9780191595936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246599.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Information problems constrain the usefulness of consumer choice about school education, suggesting that the state will continue to provide the bulk of finance for school education and, separately, ... More


Introduction: Jean Bingen and the Currents of Ptolemaic History

Jean Bingen

in Hellenistic Egypt: Monarchy, Society, Economy, Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748615780
eISBN:
9780748670727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615780.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The introduction places the book's author in the context of the historiography of Hellenistic Egypt over the past century, during which modern political economy (particularly state planning) and ... More


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