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Components of the nervous system Components of the nervous system

Malcolm Burrows

in The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523444
eISBN:
9780191724411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

Estimates of the number of glial cells in the central nervous system vary so widely that it is safe to conclude only that we do not know how many there are. In crickets, for example, they are ... More


Cell-mediated delivery systems

Kostantin Dobrenis

in Lysosomal Disorders of the Brain: Recent Advances in Molecular and Cellular Pathogenesis and Treatment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508786
eISBN:
9780191723803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508786.003.00014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Diseases that involve the central nervous system (CNS) pose one of the most difficult challenges in human therapy. Cell-mediated therapy (CMT) is a uniquely complex and powerful approach that offers ... More


Neural Circuits: Spinal Cord, Retina, Invertebrate Systems

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In the 1950s, the microelectrode opened the door not only to understanding the properties of the individual nerve cell, but also to how they are connected; how they “talk” to each other. Two ... More


Cross Talk between the Autonomic and Central Nervous Systems: Mechanistic and Therapeutic Considerations for Neuronal, Immune, Vascular, and Somatic-Based Diseases

Fuad Lechin and Bertha van der Dijs

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes anatomical, physiological, pathophysiological, pharmacological, immunological, and some therapeutic information dealing with most types of diseases. Evidence is presented to ... More


Summary of Strategies Used to Repair the Injured Spinal Cord

Gerta Vrbová and Urszula Sławin´ska

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

At the Summer School for Biological Treatment of Chronic Spinal Cord Injury, held in Vienna in October 2008, some approaches tested on patients, based on experimental work on animals to encourage ... More


Nervous System

SUSAN PRESTON-MARTIN, MUNIR REEMA, and CHAKRABARTI REEMA

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0062
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Malignant nervous system (NS) tumors account for 18,300 of new cancer diagnoses each year or 1.4% of all primary incident cancers and for 13,100 or 2.4% of annual cancer deaths. The vast majority of ... More


A Neurological Framework

Mary Coleman

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the components of the impaired neural networks that might underlie the presentation of autistic symptoms. Topics covered include the neural network models of autism, central ... More


Neuroimmune Interactions That Operate In The Development And Progression Of Inflammatory Demyelinating Diseases: Lessons From Pathogenesis Of Multiple Sclerosis

Enrico Fainardi and Massimiliano Castellazzi

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered an autoimmune chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by demyelination and axonal damage. The view of MS as a “two-stage ... More


Degeneration and Regeneration of Myelin in the Central Nervous System of the Aging Monkey

Alan Peters

in From Development to Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195369007
eISBN:
9780199865253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369007.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Studies have been conducted on the rhesus monkey to determine what happens to the central nervous system (CNS) during normal aging. This chapter focuses one age-related change—the profound ... More


Immune Responses in the Nervous System

Nancy J. Rothwell (ed.)

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748795
eISBN:
9780191724381
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748795.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This new edition covers recent advances in understanding immunological and inflammatory responses in the nervous system, research driven by the potential to use knowledge of the molecules and ... More


Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Ida J. Llewellyn-Smith and Anthony J. M. Verberne (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Central autonomic circuits in the brain and spinal cord are essential to vertebrate life. They control all basic bodily functions, including blood pressure, body temperature regulation, digestion, ... More


Leukocyte migration into the central nervous system

Linda J. Lawson

in Immune Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748795
eISBN:
9780191724381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748795.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The entry of leukocytes into tissue is a fundamental process in the host's response to injury or infection. Limitations on the entry of leukocytes into the central nervous system are one aspect of ... More


The Mind in Nature: A New View of the Mind

C. B. Martin

in The Mind in Nature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199234103
eISBN:
9780191715570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234103.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the human organism is not a mental agent capable of understanding, feeling, and knowing through the uses under the governance of the autonomic nervous system. The human ... More


The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System

István Aranyosi

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989607
eISBN:
9780199346349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989607.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers of mind, both in the conceptual analysis tradition and in the empirical informed school, have been implicitly neglecting the potential conceptual role of the Peripheral Nervous System ... More


Anoxic/ischemic injury in axons

PETER K. STYS, BRUCE R. RANSOM, JOEL A. BLACK, and STEPHEN G. WAXMAN

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Nerve fibers in both the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system must maintain adequate membrane polarization and transmembrane ion gradients to sustain action potential propagation and ... More


Gene therapy

Mark S. Sands

in Lysosomal Disorders of the Brain: Recent Advances in Molecular and Cellular Pathogenesis and Treatment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508786
eISBN:
9780191723803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508786.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The delivery of genetic material and subsequent expression of a therapeutic protein in a whole animal or patient has proven technically difficult. The transfer of genetic material into cultured cells ... More


Mechanisms of peripheral neuropathic pain

Martin Koltzenburg

in The Neurobiology of Pain: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515616
eISBN:
9780191723650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515616.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Most lesions of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) or central nervous system (CNS) do not produce chronic pain. Conditions in which damage of the nervous system does cause pain are a paradox as ... More


Introduction

Floyd E. Bloom

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter considers the major discoveries in dopamine (DA) research in the central nervous system from the anatomical, synaptic, and neurohistochemical perspectives, in keeping with the author's ... More


Antigen Processing, Presentation, and T Cell Interaction

Harald Neumann

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses antigen processing, presentation, and T cell interaction. The central nervous system (CNS) is protected by a blood-brain barrier (BBB) designed to minimize the passage of ... More


Controlling local movements of the legs Controlling local movements of the legs

Malcolm Burrows

in The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523444
eISBN:
9780191724411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

Local movements are defined as those caused by the contractions of the muscles in a single segment. The neural processing underlying these movements is carried out within a restricted part of the ... More


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