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Regulating ‘Village Life’ In Central Government

Christopher Hood, Colin Scott, Oliver James, George Jones, and Tony Travers

in Regulation Inside Government: Waste-Watchers, Quality Police, and Sleazebusters

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280996
eISBN:
9780191599491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280998.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Examines the practices of regulation over central government. It starts from the observation that control based on mutuality has traditionally been of central importance and assesses the extent to ... More


Spain

Ignacio Molina

in The National Co-ordination of EU Policy: The Domestic Level

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296645
eISBN:
9780191599613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296649.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The purpose of this chapter is to examine the national co-ordination of European Union (EU) policy in Spain. It concentrates on the processes that take place in Madrid, and using a threefold ... More


The Senior Civil Service in the Netherlands: A Quest for Unity

Frits M. Van Der Meer and Jos C. N. Raadschelders

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Dutch society takes pride in its egalitarian character, and political and administrative officeholders are neither separated off nor placed on a pedestal. This general attitude originates in the ... More


European States, American Contexts

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In order to interpret the debate over the ratification of the US Constitution as a debate over state formation, it is necessary to know something both about the development of the European state in ... More


The Ideological Response to State Expansion

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

It would be a fundamental mistake to assume a priori a complete correspondence between the historical sociology of state formation and the conceptual history of the “state,” or, in more general ... More


The Ghost of Local Government

Anthony King

in The British Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199576982
eISBN:
9780191702235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576982.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter presents a debate on whether local government was a good thing or a bad thing. Local government had few detractors but many admirers, most of whom saw it as reflecting a distinctively ... More


Introduction

Vernon Bogdanor

in Joined-Up Government

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263334
eISBN:
9780191734564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263334.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

‘Joined-up government’ has been a topic of important discussion in the early twenty-first century as much as it was in the end of the twentieth century. Reinventing government was a move towards the ... More


The Export-oriented Industrialization of Japanese Pottery: The Adoption and Adaptation of Overseas Technology and Market Information

Takehisa Yamada

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the export-oriented industrialization of pottery industry in modern Japan, focusing on the introduction and adoption of advanced technologies from Western countries. Special ... More


The Transformation of British Politics 1860–1995

Brian Harrison

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198731214
eISBN:
9780191694967
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198731214.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

The British political system, though often criticised, has been the model and the inspiration for many national governments worldwide. Yet it is now at the centre of controversial debate within ... More


Deficits and Debt

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In 1978, Japan adopted the new System of National Accounts (SNA) which it integrates five major consumption accounts of the national economy, of which the income and outlay accounts for various ... More


The Spending Ministries and Agencies

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter provides an organizational map of the terrain inhabited by Japan's Spending Ministries and Agencies before the implementation in January 2001 of the reforms to the central government ... More


Conclusions

Julian Goodare

in The Government of Scotland 1560-1625

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243549
eISBN:
9780191714160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243549.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Government is vital to human society, and raises large questions. There are three definitions of who or what the government of Scotland actually was. The first definition focuses on the everyday ... More


County and Borough

Brian Harrison

in The Transformation of British Politics 1860–1995

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198731214
eISBN:
9780191694967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198731214.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

Although the central government of Britain grew out of monarchical institutions, it operated within a ‘civil society’ that was and still is full of vitality. Parliament's sovereignty was in theory ... More


The Challenge of Municipal Socialism

Martin Loughlin

in Legality and Locality: The Role of Law in Central-Local Government Relations

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260158
eISBN:
9780191682049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260158.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines municipal socialism, an exercise which resulted in Labour councils developing collectivistic policies which were in direct antagonism to those being promoted by central ... More


The Juridification of Central-Local Government Relations

Martin Loughlin

in Legality and Locality: The Role of Law in Central-Local Government Relations

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260158
eISBN:
9780191682049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260158.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines a number of issues which arise as a result of transformation in the role of law in central-local government relations. It also examines the utilization of legislation as an ... More


The Privy Council

Julian Goodare

in The Government of Scotland 1560-1625

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243549
eISBN:
9780191714160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243549.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Most questions about how Scotland was governed tend sooner or later to lead back to the privy council. Below the crown, the council was the supreme executive authority, with a general political ... More


Officers and Departments

Julian Goodare

in The Government of Scotland 1560-1625

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243549
eISBN:
9780191714160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243549.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter explores the administrative structure of central government in Scotland, focusing on how officers of state supervised the departments that actually delivered the governing. The link ... More


Harmonizing Aristocracy and Meritocracy

Holloway Kenneth W.

in Guodian: The Newly Discovered Seeds of Chinese Religious and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371451
eISBN:
9780199870653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371451.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter discusses the social implications of unity in Guodian texts. It also discusses the application of unity to the question of royal succession by arguing that “Tang Yu zhidao” and “The Five ... More


Running Costs, Pay, and Manpower Controls

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

Containing the pay and allied costs and numbers of civil servants and other public officials has been a priority of governments from 1976 onwards. This is not surprising, since in a period of public ... More


Of Tapers, Targets and Caps: Central Controls Over Local Expenditure

Martin Loughlin

in Legality and Locality: The Role of Law in Central-Local Government Relations

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260158
eISBN:
9780191682049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260158.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The central government has increasingly sought to use the grant mechanism as an instrument of expenditure restraint, and as a result, conflicts have been generated and local authorities turn to the ... More


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