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Biology: an introduction to membranes in cells

Pierluigi Frisco

in Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

The present chapter contains a brief introduction to membranes in living cells. This chapter describes the composition and functions of cell membranes and the functions of some of the organelles ... More


Voltage-gated ion channels in axons: Localization, function, and development

STEPHEN G. WAXMAN

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the molecular architecture of the cell membrane of mammalian axons. It focuses on the distribution and development of voltage-gated ion channels, their roles in axonal ... More


The physics of the cell membrane

Martin Michael Müller and Martine Ben Amar

in New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter introduces some important aspects of the physics of the cell membrane. After a short presentation of the biological facts the chapters shows how the elasticity of the lipid bilayer ... More


Electrophysiological techniques

Jean Mironneau

in Current Methods in Muscle Physiology: Advantages, Problems and Limitations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523970
eISBN:
9780191724480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523970.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter focuses on various electrophysiological techniques. The voltage-clamp technique has been a powerful tool in the development of membrane biophysics. Applied to large cells, such as squid ... More


Proteins in Solutions and Natural Membranes

Irina Ermolina, Yoshihito Hayashi, Valerică Raicu, and Yuri Feldman

in Dielectric Relaxation in Biological Systems: Physical Principles, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686513
eISBN:
9780191766398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686513.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In the first part of the chapter, dielectric spectroscopy studies of globular proteins in aqueous solutions in native and denatured states are reviewed. Here we discuss the mechanisms of two major ... More


An Engineer’s Introduction to Neuroscience

James A. Anderson

in After Digital: Computation as Done by Brains and Machines

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199357789
eISBN:
9780190675264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357789.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

When building something, it is essential to know the hardware. This chapter contains key things to know about the active components of the brain: nerve cells (aka neurons). Neurons have severe ... More


Roots, Shoots, Leaves, and Grapes

David R. Dalton

in The Chemistry of Wine: From Blossom to Beverage and Beyond

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190687199
eISBN:
9780197559802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190687199.003.0015
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

As noted earlier and as anticipated by Charles and Francis Darwin it has been argued that plants sense the direction of gravity (gravitropism) by movement of starch granules found in cells called ... More


Source-Field Models

Jaakko Malmivuo

in Bioelectromagnetism: Principles and Applications of Bioelectric and Biomagnetic Fields

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195058239
eISBN:
9780199847839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195058239.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter provides a detailed theoretical discussion of various source-field models and their mathematical basis. It develops expressions for electric sources of bioelectric origin. These sources ... More


Coarse-Graining, Scaling, and Hierarchies

Juan Pérez-Mercade

in Nonextensive Entropy: Interdisciplinary Applications

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195159769
eISBN:
9780197562024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195159769.003.0026
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

We present a scenario that is useful for describing hierarchies within classes of many-component systems. Although this scenario may be quite general, it will be illustrated in the case of ... More


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