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Cell aging and renewal

Baltazar D. Aguda and Avner Friedman

in Models of Cellular Regulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Cellular aging, commonly referred to as cellular senescence, is thought to be a ‘programmed’ cell fate in a similar sense that apoptosis is somehow programmed to happen to certain cells during ... More


The Division of the Elite

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0015
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on a radical breakthrough into the knowledge of new medicine. It happened in antiquity, when technical media were still quite limited. All body processes had to be visible from ... More


Diverse floral shape and structure

Beverley Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering, Second Edition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199661596
eISBN:
9780191779473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661596.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

The enormous diversity of floral form is one of the most striking features of the angiosperms, but most studies of flower development focus on the simple flower of Arabidopsis. This chapter considers ... More


Observing the Living Cell: Shinya Inoué and the Reemergence of Light Microscopy

Rudolf Oldenbourg

in Visions of Cell Biology: Reflections Inspired by Cowdry's "General Cytology"

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226520483
eISBN:
9780226520650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520650.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The cell is commonly considered the smallest unit of life and is only visible through a microscope, an instrument that was invented in Holland and Italy in the early 1600s. Observations through the ... More


Rapid evolution of centromeres and centromeric/kinetochore proteins

Kevin C. Roach, Benjamin D. Ross, and Harmit S. Malik

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Centromeres and the kinetochore proteins that bind them are required for chromosome segregation during eukaryotic cell division. Despite this conserved function, both centromeric DNA and kinetochore ... More


Rewriting Systems

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides an overview of a large class of artificial chemistries, formal rewriting systems. A brief introduction explains the general concept of rewriting or production systems. We then ... More


Breast Cancer

Louise A. Brinton, Mia M. Gaudet, and Gretchen L. Gierach

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0045
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women worldwide, with annual estimates of 1.7 million newly diagnosed cases and 522,000 deaths. Although more breast cancers are diagnosed in ... More


Parental effects in development and evolution

Tobias Uller

in The Evolution of Parental Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692576
eISBN:
9780191774737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692576.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Parental effects — causal effects of the parental phenotype on offspring phenotype — involve many different mechanisms and occur at a variety of developmental stages, from the initiation of cell ... More


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