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Gonad Development in Hermaphroditic Gobies

Kathleen S. Cole

in Reproduction and Sexuality in Marine Fishes: Patterns and Processes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264335
eISBN:
9780520947979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264335.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Among hermaphroditic goby taxa (Perciformes, Gobiidae), considerable variability in the composition and configuration of gametogenic tissue within the gonad proper is coupled with a diversity of ... More


Cell differentiation is a stochastic process subjected to natural selection

Jean-Jacques Kupiec

in Towards a Theory of Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199671427
eISBN:
9780191781117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671427.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Developmental Biology

In contrast to classical determinist theories of development, an accumulation of data obtained over the last 30 years shows that gene expression is a stochastic phenomenon. Since gene expression is a ... More


Molecular mechanisms of life history trade-offs and the evolution of multicellular complexity in volvocalean green algae

Aurora M. Nedelcu and Richard E. Michod

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although life history trade-offs are recognized as central to life history evolution, the mechanisms underlying trade-offs are not well understood. Life history trade-offs gain unique significance ... More


Modeling Biological Systems

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter is devoted to one of the main applications of artificial chemistries, the modeling of biological systems. The chapter starts at the molecular level, with algorithms that model RNA and ... More


Introduction to cell biology

Franz Bruckert

in From Molecules to Living Organisms: An Interplay Between Biology and Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches School of Physics: Volume 102, July 2014

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198752950
eISBN:
9780191814426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752950.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Living cells are complex, because they are made of a myriad of different molecules and their structure results from the dynamics of the interactions between these molecules. In this short ... More


A Processual Perspective on Cancer

Marta Bertolaso and John Dupré

in Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198779636
eISBN:
9780191824685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779636.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter attempts to illuminate the dynamic stability of the organism and the robustness of its developmental pathway by considering the biology of cancer. Healthy development and stable ... More


Individuality and the Control of Life Cycles

Beckett Sterner

in Biological Individuality: Integrating Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226446318
eISBN:
9780226446592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226446592.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Evolutionary transitions in individuality occur when units of evolution at one level, such as single cells, associate together and evolve into higher-level units. I argue that multi-level selection ... More


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