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Effects of Ethanol on the Regulation of Cell Cycle in Neural Stem Cells

W. Michael Zawada and Mita Das

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the effects of early ethanol exposure on the cell cycle, with particular reference to neuronal stem cells (NSCs) in the developing brain. Understanding how ethanol affects the ... More


Models of Cellular Regulation

Baltazar Aguda, Avner Friedman, and Visiting Associate Professor, The Ohio State University

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The human genome of three billion letters has been sequenced. So have the genomes of thousands of other organisms. With unprecedented resolution, modern technologies are allowing us to peek into the ... More


The eukaryotic cell-cycle engine

Baltazar D. Aguda and Avner Friedman

in Models of Cellular Regulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter illustrates the construction of a cell-cycle model of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to highlight the essential network and dynamical elements of the eukaryotic cell-cycle ... More


The Origin of Cancer

Jeffrey Ecsedy and David Hunter

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

One of the major goals in cancer research is to elucidate the molecular and cellular events driving the progression of cells from a normal to a cancerous state. This transformation relies on the ... More


Control of DNA replication in a prokaryote

Baltazar D. Aguda and Avner Friedman

in Models of Cellular Regulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

A cell-division cycle, or cell cycle, is a combination of growth to double the amounts of cellular components, and division of these components between two daughter cells. This chapter discusses the ... More


Cell-cycle control

Baltazar D. Aguda and Avner Friedman

in Models of Cellular Regulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Signalling pathways control the cell-cycle engine by regulating transitions between phases in the cell cycle. These are transitions where putative decisions are made such as initiating DNA ... More


Updating Cowdry’s Theories: The Role of Models in Contemporary Experimental and Computational Cell Biology

Fridolin Gross

in Visions of Cell Biology: Reflections Inspired by Cowdry's "General Cytology"

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226520483
eISBN:
9780226520650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520650.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the relationship between modelers and experimentalists in contemporary cell biology. In comparison with Cowdry’s times, it seems that models have taken over the epistemic role ... More


Infectious disease

Stevan R. Emmett, Nicola Hill, and Federico Dajas-Bailador

in Clinical Pharmacology for Prescribing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199694938
eISBN:
9780191918438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199694938.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Pharmacology

Antibiotics include an extensive range of agents able to kill or prevent reproduction of bacteria in the body, without being overly toxic to the patient. Traditionally derived from living ... More


Development in simple organisms

John Maynard Smith and Eors Szathmary

in The Major Transitions in Evolution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198502944
eISBN:
9780191919237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198502944.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Complex multicellular organisms, whose bodies consist of differentiated cells of many kinds, have evolved independently on three occasions—animals, higher plants and fungi. In addition, ... More


Inheritance of chromatin modifications through the cell cycle

John C. Lucchesi

in Epigenetics, Nuclear Organization & Gene Function: With implications of epigenetic regulation and genetic architecture for human development and health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198831204
eISBN:
9780191869266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831204.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Following mitosis, the particular transcriptional landscape of the parent cell must be faithfully transmitted to daughter cells. Although transcription ceases, not all transcription factors are ... More


Psychiatric Genetics

Lena Palaniyappan and Rajeev Krishnadas

in Best of Five MCQs for MRCPsych Paper 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199552122
eISBN:
9780191917806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199552122.003.0005
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions It has been demonstrated that the levels of monoamine metabolites in CSF varies with polymorphism of serotonin transporter protein. Which of the following components of genetic apparatus ... More


General Otolaryngology

Stuart Winter and Declan Costello (eds)

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198792000
eISBN:
9780191917110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792000.003.0006
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions Stimulation of which of the following nerves does not cause referred otalgia? Glossopharyngeal nerve Descendens hypoglossi nerve Vagus nerve Lingual nerve Buccal nerve ... More


Questions

Sri G. Thrumurthy, Tania Samantha De Silva, Zia Moinuddin, and Stuart Enoch

in SBA MCQs for the MRCS Part A

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199645633
eISBN:
9780191918193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199645633.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Basic sciences: Applied anatomy Which among the following statements regarding the functions of the extraocular muscles is incorrect? The inferior oblique muscle abducts the eye and moves it ... More


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